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Barry Jordan and Rikki Morgan-Tamosunas

much wider variety of film types than hitherto, including the classics. Spanish films are also making greater inroads into foreign markets, as indicated by Amenábar’s Tesis , which has been sold to thirty countries and Ventura Pons’s El porqué de las cosas , currently among the top three grossing films in France (Fotogramas 1997 : 169). In short, after decades of ideological and political manipulation

in Contemporary Spanish cinema
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Aaron Edwards

’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 18, No. 4 (October 1995), pp. 773–96. 6 These ‘new parties’ include: the Democratic Unionist Party, founded in October 1971; the Social Democratic and Labour Party, founded in August 1970; and the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, founded in April 1970. 7 Northern Ireland Political Collection, Linenhall Library, Belfast (NIPC), NILP Box 1, ‘Internal NILP Memorandum’, 14 March 1987. 8 Pringle, D.G., ‘Electoral Systems and Political Manipulation: A Case Study

in A history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party
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Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

outspokenly critical of his own government’s tendency to confuse intellectual exchange with political manipulation. There were plenty of USIS officers, for example, who saw their role as seeking to influence Australians to embrace a US-​style approach to trade unions, business management and trade (among other things). Some might ask therefore whether there is evidence that sixty-​plus years of Fulbright exchanges have simply resulted in American domination of Australia, and that facilitating academic exchange with the United States has not served Australia’s own interests

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
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Adorno, Theodor W. ‘Introduction to Prophets of Deceit’ (1949, previously unpublished)
Paul K. Jones

wield. The relative accidentalness and emptiness of the content of agitation, its complete subordination to manipulative purposes, is obvious. There are profound reasons for this conspicuous lack of content, above all the absence of a tradition of autochthonous and aggressive imperialist nationalism in America. Thus, American patterns of non-political manipulation – and especially certain marginal phenomena – had to be fused artificially with fascist notions of the Italian and German brand. One has to think of the barker who puts such high pressure

in Critical theory and demagogic populism
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Nobel Actor on a Pan-African Stage
Alison E. Stone Roofe

region. The federation would provide a structure to safeguard citizens against corruption and political manipulation. In addition, Lewis believed that this bloc would provide access to a supply of labour for national public services and greater leverage when accessing international financial aid. In many ways, this model had some resemblance to the federal arrangement that Lewis had proposed for West Africa in the 1950s. However, in 1961 Jamaica held a referendum in which the majority voted against remaining in the West Indies Federation. This was the beginning of the

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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Robert Lister Nicholls

pursue vigorous forms of political manipulation and propaganda to achieve its objectives. As politics is highly influenced by transient events, a temporal perspective is required, because the power of the political elite and its responsiveness to public opinion changes over time. This is particularly the case with Britain's membership of the Common Market, because the issue of Britain in Europe presents itself as a political issue differently in each of the decades from the 1950s to the present time. This book, however, merely discusses a twenty

in The British political elite and Europe, 1959–1984
Spyros Blavoukos

, Aldershot: Ashgate, 37–51. Walsh, James (2006) Policy Failure and Policy Change: British Security Policy after the Cold War, Comparative Political Studies 39(4), 490–518. Welch, David A. (2005) Painful Choices: A Theory of Foreign Policy Change , Princeton: Princeton University Press. Zahariadis, Nikolaos (2003) Ambiguity and Choice in Public Policy: Political Manipulation in Democratic Societies , Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press. Zahariadis, Nikolaos

in Foreign policy as public policy?
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Adrian Millar

conflict has security as its goal. In such contexts the leitmotif ‘If we do not dominate, we will be dominated’ is created by astute propagandists and political manipulation, which all play on the presence of an enemy and the desire for survival. 2 For Lederach peace-building is about transforming ‘conflict towards more sustainable, peaceful relationships’. 3

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

. Likewise, mutually reinforcing and cross-cutting linkages of identity, resource competition, weapons availability or poor governance and political alienation can provide further tinder to fan the flames of these conflicts. Identity and resource-based conflicts are especially vulnerable to political manipulation and are particularly difficult to resolve. Without improved governance and enhanced democratic inclusion across the continent’s most divided societies these types of conflicts will likely ­continue to plague African societies for years to come. In extreme

in African security in the twenty-first century
Christopher Duggan

the intrigues of political opponents and would-be assassins’ bullets and bombs, was remarkable. To what extent was this transition the result of conscious political manipulation by the Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF) or, more broadly, by journalists, writers and other supporters, eager to find new sources of legitimacy after the parliamentary pillar had been knocked away? Or was it rather, as Emilio Gentile has argued, a product of Fascism’s intrinsically transcendental character, a spontaneous emanation largely from below of a movement that now found itself free

in The cult of the Duce