). Latin text: Iohannis Wyclif De Civili Dominio , vol. 2., ed. J. Loserth (London: WS, 1900), pp. 5–7. At the beginning of this chapter, Wyclif explains that he is responding here to a Benedictine monk in Oxford who attacked his claim that temporal lords may remove property from churchmen who abuse it in some way. This principle played a defining role in Wyclif’s late political thought. Throughout the chapter, he addresses the monk as ‘my brother’. [In defending his position on sacerdotal exemption from taxation,] my
This chapter presents an annotated translation of The Life of Pope Gregory VII written by Paul of Bernried.
’s smattering of classical allusions a conscious effort to outline new modes of political thought, caution is advisable. The ‘Ciceronian’ allusion that opens the letter of dedication is not in fact Ciceronian at all, but drawn from a reference to Plato in Boethius’s Consolation of philosophy . 280 In an age when classical quotations could come from intermediary sources and not necessarily from direct
–35. 67 Matthew 22:21. See C. Erdmann (1935) p. 107; C. H. Brakel (1972) p. 282. 68 Romans 13:1. On the significance of this passage in medieval political thought see W. Affeldt (1969). 69 Matthew 25
deal with effectively. 445 9 Kingship and bishops Hincmar’s works have often played a key role in discussions of Carolingian ‘political thought’. 446 Recent studies of such thought have tended to move away from purely abstract theories to look at intellectuals’ responses to particular political events; 447 we should remember that in De
This chapter contains the text of The Annals of Fulda in full, translated and annotated by Timothy Reuter.
This chapter contains the translated text ofDe divortio. It has several underlying sections, responding to the questions that Hincmar initially received. These sections were, however, further divided to make the twenty-three responses which appear in the manuscript. The original sections are as follows: the procedure at the councils of Aachen, rules on marriage, divorce and remarriage, the validity of ordeals, the next steps in Theutberga's case, the sodomy charge, Lothar's relationship with Waldrada and sorcery, Lothar's possibilities of remarriage, and the response of bishops towards appeals to them and the case of Engeltrude. De divortio also deals with seven further questions which Hincmar received six months after the first: who is able to judge the king, can the king avoid further judgement in the case, the case of Engeltrude, and the effects of communion with the king.