, impartiality and independence that had been clearly stated a few years earlier in the document approved by the XX International Conference of the RedCrossmovement, the culmination of a long internal debate following the events of the Holocaust. 35 However, the strength the Committee could have exercised in the conduct of the negotiations was undermined in the first place by its loss of authority in the new constellation of international organisations that had developed since the Second World War. Forced after 1945 to accept a considerable reduction in budget and staff
programme for German children, and in 1920s Germany the Quäkerspeisung (Quaker food) became a synonym for international aid. 6 Davison’s considerations, though, looked well beyond the hypothesis of not ‘demobilising’ the people who were now expert in aid for suffering populations.
The project supported by the president of the ARC War Council was more ambitious and referred to the entire RedCrossmovement. In fact, the intention was to unify the individual national societies in a single, supranational body that not only would enter in action in wartime