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Coinciding locales of refuge among Sahrawi refugees in North Africa
Konstantina Isidoros

Research and scholarly debates focus on refugees as the Other, always kept at arm's length, at a distant site somewhere in a Global South, usually trying to get into the Global North. They are perceived as people fleeing from a supra-local site of crisis, either as internally displaced people (IDPs) within their local nation, or on to an external host and then further onwards into the global arena – moving from dystopic local to utopian global in a unilineal motion, between local to national via transnational spaces. Somewhere in between, they

in Displacement
Refugees and schools in the Manchester region
Bill Williams

18 ‘Bright young refugees’: refugees and schools in the Manchester region One way in which young refugees might gain the right of entry to Britain was by offering proof of their acceptance by a British school, although they still required a British sponsor who would guarantee to cover the cost of their accommodation, their maintenance and such fees as the school demanded. Britain’s twelve Quaker boarding schools are said to have offered, between them, 100 scholarships to refugees, although some, like Peter and Hans Kurer, among the forty refugee scholars at Great

in ‘Jews and other foreigners’
Julie Thorpe

6 Citizens, immigrants and refugees Debates on citizenship, immigration and refugees in the Austrofascist state showed the boundaries of pan-German identity more clearly than any other identity discourse between the world wars. Austrofascists and German-nationalists had different views about who the true refugees were, but both sought to curb immigration of Jews and reduce Jews already living in Austria (both citizens and non-citizens) to the status of a legal minority with few political and social rights, as we saw in Chapter 5. This chapter shows how the

in Pan-Germanism and the Austrofascist state, 1933–38
Brian Hanley

6 Refugees and runners During 1976, when researching her book A Place Apart, the writer Dervla Murphy reported hearing anti-Northern sentiments with increasing vehemence and frequency. Some such outbursts may be excused on grounds of frustration and despair but most, I fear, are symptoms of a spreading infection … a new form of intolerance … between Southern and Northern Catholics.1 A few years later, Vincent Browne also asserted that ‘the divide between the Catholic community in Northern Ireland and the rest of the population … is deeper than ever’. Indeed

in The impact of the Troubles on the Republic of Ireland, 1968–79
Refugee industrialists in the Manchester region
Bill Williams

4 ‘Refugees and Eccles Cakes’: refugee industrialists in the Manchester region In September 1967 Dr Heinz Kroch, the German-Jewish refugee from Berlin who thirty years earlier had founded the Lankro Chemical Company in Eccles, an industrial town of some 45,000 people four miles west of Manchester, was presented by the Mayor of Eccles with a casket and scroll to honour his admission to the Roll of Freemen of the Borough.1 It was an occasion notable, amongst other things, as the first on which the Freedom had been conferred on anyone who had not served on the

in ‘Jews and other foreigners’
Hungarian Jewry and the wartime Jewish refugee crisis in Austria- Hungary
Rebekah Klein-Pejšová

Hungarian Jewry and the wartime crisis in Austria-Hungary v 7 v Between refugees and the state: Hungarian Jewry and the wartime Jewish refugee crisis in Austria-Hungary1 Rebekah Klein-Pejšová Introduction Galician Jews crossed the border by the thousands into the Kingdom of Hungary when Russian troops advanced on the Eastern Front in September 1914. They fled from the Russian army, aware of the fate of Jews in Russia’s western borderlands expelled en masse from their homes and sent deep into the interior of the empire by military commanders fearful of breaches

in Europe on the move
Predictable arrivals
Nadine El-Enany

Chapter 4 Migrants, refugees and asylum seekers: predictable arrivals Several works exist that compare British governments’ responses to refugees over time.1 Each traces the arrival and reception of groups of refugees, demonstrating how each was treated differently, offering explanations for governments’ varying levels of ‘generosity’. Yet refugee movements are not appropriate for comparison when divorced from the context of Britain’s colonial identity. The relevance of Britain’s contemporaneous identity as an empire, and the connection between this global

in (B)ordering Britain
The Kinder
Tony Kushner

5 Constructing (another) ideal refugee journey: the Kinder Introduction Mollie Panter-Downes became for many Americans the voice of Britain during the Second World War.1 She wrote for the New Yorker for half a century, a relationship which began in earnest with her powerful description of the Kindertransport. Set up by the British government and voluntary bodies in November 1938, this refugee movement eventually brought close to ten thousand children from Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland, 90 per cent of whom were of Jewish origin. Panter-Downes went

in The battle of Britishness

This book is about the lives of refugee women in Britain and France. Who are they? Where do they come from? What happens to them when they arrive, while they wait for a decision on their claim for asylum, and after the decision, whether positive or negative? The book shows how laws and processes designed to meet the needs of men fleeing political persecution often fail to protect women from persecution in their home countries and fail to meet their needs during and after the decision-making process. It portrays refugee women as resilient, resourceful and potentially active participants in British and French social, political and cultural life. The book exposes the obstacles that make active participation difficult.

Ian Connor

4 Refugees and political parties, 1945–50 Introduction Historians and political scientists have so far devoted little attention to the refugees’ impact on political life in the Western Occupation Zones of Germany. This is surprising since the newcomers undoubtedly represented an important factor in post-war West German politics simply by dint of their numerical strength. They made up some 16 per cent of the West German electorate at the first Bundestag Election held in August 1949, while in Schleswig-Holstein, the state most severely affected by the refugee

in Refugees and expellees in post-war Germany