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Andrew Teverson

of the abuse of power and authority. Unlike the two earlier novels, however, The Verses shifts its attention away from the abuses committed by South Asian political leaders towards the abuses that flourished under Margaret Thatcher’s Prime Ministerial watch in 1980s Britain. Specifically the novel, in its dominant narrative line, sets out to explore (or expose) the impact upon Britain’s minority communities of lingering Falklands-era jingoism, and of systematic, institutionalised racism in organisations such as the police force and the media

in Salman Rushdie
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Pascale Drouet

The heart has its reasons that political affairs do not know – or barely know. The fear of destruction, the imminence of disappearance and the face-to-face encounter with death (all resulting from abuse of power, exclusion or retribution) reveal this polarity. One either belongs to a country or is deeply attached to a person, this because political commitment and national duty prove incompatible

in Shakespeare and the denial of territory
Open Access (free)
Arthur B. Gunlicks

(MinisterPräsident) had been guilty of a serious abuse of power (the Barschel/ Pfeiffer affair) led to a thorough revision of that Land’s Constitution which included both far-reaching plebiscitary (direct democracy) features and provisions strengthening the parliament’s control over the government (cabinet). The reforms contained in this Constitution have since had a significant impact not only on the new Länder in the East but also on Bremen, Hamburg, Lower Saxony, and Rhineland-Palatinate in the West. The second cause of a strong interest in Land constitutions was, of course

in The Länder and German federalism
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Valerie Bryson

This chapter opens with a discussion of the political importance of the vocabulary and concepts available to us, and the ways in which knowledge is bound up with power. It argues that man-made language and perspectives cannot adequately express women’s experiences and needs, and that when feminists ‘name’ men’s abuse of power, this is a first step towards ending it. The next section focuses on feminist analyses of the ‘sex/gender distinction’; it finds that, although this can be problematic and difficult to sustain, it remains politically useful. The final section discusses the importance of developing a woman-centred feminist vocabulary around ‘rape’ and ‘sexual harassment’ to enable us to see the extent of men’s sexual violence by men against women, to link this with male power and to act collectively to resist it (for example, through the #MeToo movement).

in The futures of feminism
Susan Royal

When mentioning the lollard legacy in the work of Coverdale, Foxe and others, nearly all modern scholars, assert that these medieval heretics provided historical evidence of God’s approval. But remarkably few lollard deaths conformed to the literary tropes and exemplary models of the early church. Although several high-profile lollards were executed, they had been condemned as traitors, and many lollard records were cut off after trial, leaving evangelical chroniclers unsure how these so-called heretics had died. This chapter addresses this tension, and demonstrates how Foxe moulded the lollards into martyrs – whether they died suffering or not. By recounting in excruciating detail the trials, imprisonments, abjurations, and penance of the lollards, Foxe shifted focus away from the constancy of the martyr and towards the cruelty of the bishops who interrogated them. In particular, it shows how Foxe perceived the ecclesiastical oath to be an abuse of power, especially the ex officio oath. Due largely to Foxe’s success in establishing the lollards as true martyrs, post-Reformation Protestants rarely questioned their martyrological value, and this paved the way for discontented religious advocates to appropriate the lollards in line with the trials of their own religious traditions.

in Lollards in the English Reformation
Open Access (free)
Incest and beyond
Jenny DiPlacidi

and gender made in this book has implications for the convention’s treatment in other works; how, for example, does sibling incest emerge in twentieth-century Gothic novels such as V. C. Andrews’s Flowers in the Attic (1979)? With what set of concerns are depictions of cousin incest, aestheticised violence and abuses of power engaged in Joyce Carol Oates’s First Love: A Gothic Tale

in Gothic incest
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Jonathan Benthall

of power and stimulate business enterprise; and working at a local level to fortify grass-roots organizations, including women’s groups and zakat committees. As this book goes to press, the scale of trans-Mediterranean irregular migration and its consequences were finally becoming evident to all – with a parallel in South East Asia where the new ‘boat people’ in desperate

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
The Manchester School, colonial and postcolonial transformations
Author: Richard Werbner

Anthropology after Gluckman places the intimate circle around Max Gluckman, his Manchester School, in the vanguard of modern social anthropology. The book discloses the School’s intense, argument-rich collaborations, developing beyond an original focus in south and central Africa. Where outsiders have seen dominating leadership by Gluckman, a common stock of problems, and much about conflict, Richard Werbner highlights how insiders were drawn to explore many new frontiers in fieldwork and in-depth, reflexive ethnography, because they themselves, in class and gender, ethnicity and national origins, were remarkably inclusive. Characteristically different anthropologists, their careers met the challenges of being a public intellectual, an international celebrity, an institutional good citizen, a social and political activist, an advocate of legal justice. Their living legacies are shown, for the first time, through interlinked social biography and intellectual history to reach broadly across politics, law, ritual, semiotics, development studies, comparative urbanism, social network analysis and mathematical sociology. Innovation – in research methods and techniques, in documenting people’s changing praxis and social relations, in comparative analysis and a destabilizing strategy of re-analysis within ethnography – became the School’s hallmark. Much of this exploration confronted troubling times in Africa, colonial and postcolonial, which put the anthropologists and their anthropological knowledge at risk. The resurgence of debate about decolonization makes the accounts of fierce, End of Empire argument and recent postcolonial anthropology all the more topical. The lessons, even in activism, for social scientists, teachers as well as graduate and undergraduate students are compelling for our own troubled times.

Pascale Drouet

result from refusal of allegiance, abuse of power and banishment. In King Richard II and King Lear , abusive banishment is the consequence of fearless speech (Greek parrhesia ): bold subjects speak their minds to the king so as to question or criticise a decision or action of his that they deem unjust or evil, although supposedly justified by doctrines of absolute or divine right. In Coriolanus , the prospective consul

in Shakespeare and the denial of territory
Author: Stephen Miller

Feudalism, venality, and revolution is about the political and social order revealed by the monarchy’s most ambitious effort to reform its institutions, the introduction of participatory assemblies at all levels of the government. It should draw the attention of anyone interested in the sort of social and political conditions that predisposed people to make the French Revolution. In particular, according to Alexis de Tocqueville’s influential work on the Old Regime and the French Revolution, royal centralization had so weakened the feudal power of the nobles that their remaining privileges became glaringly intolerable to commoners. Feudalism, venality, and revolution challenges this theory by showing that when Louis XVI convened assemblies of landowners in the late 1770s and 1780s to discuss policies needed to resolve the budgetary crisis, he faced widespread opposition from lords and office holders. These elites regarded the assemblies as a challenge to their hereditary power over commoners. The monarchy incorporated an administration of seigneurial jurisdictions and venal offices. Lordships and offices upheld inequality on behalf of the nobility and bred the discontent evident in the French Revolution. These findings will alter the way scholars think about the Old Regime society and state and should therefore find a large market among graduate students and professors of European history.