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A pragmatist responds to epistemic and other kinds of frictions in the academy 
Susan Saegert

sexist attitudes, habits and impulses, the Michigan social psychology faculty and the university administration acted institutionally to broaden knowledge about the social psychology of race and worked to increase black and female membership and power within the academy. But these correctives have been difficult to sustain. Lawsuits challenged the University of Michigan’s affirmative action efforts throughout the early 2000s. In 2006, a majority of Michigan voters supported Proposal 2 amending the state constitution to ban preferential treatment based on race, gender

in The power of pragmatism
Alex Schafran
,
Matthew Noah Smith
, and
Stephen Hall

, in its broadest terms, an agreement between persons, between persons and political institutions, and/or between institutions themselves. Unlike traditional accounts of social contract theory, which treat political engagement as a way to mitigate threats of violence or as a way to establish a lasting formal settlement (such as a written constitution or a set of laws), the spatial contract locates the urgency of political engagement in the fact that reliance systems must be produced and reproduced collectively and constantly. The complex materiality of

in The spatial contract
Mark Pelling
,
Alejandro Barcena
,
Hayley Leck
,
Ibidun Adelekan
,
David Dodman
,
Hamadou Issaka
,
Cassidy Johnson
,
Mtafu Manda
,
Blessing Mberu
,
Ezebunwa Nwokocha
,
Emmanuel Osuteye
, and
Soumana Boubacar

attention. Disaster risk management in Nairobi is highly complex, with a lack of clarity in roles and responsibilities within the devolved governance structure. The devolved system of governance in Kenya came into effect in 2010 when the new Constitution of Kenya (ROK, 2010 ) was adopted. Under the constitution there are two overarching levels of governance – national and county government. Nairobi City County is further devolved into sub-county, ward and village levels. Within this formal structure, the chieftaincy plays a key role (albeit informally and contested in

in African cities and collaborative futures
Stavros Stavrides

important turning point in the aggressive expansion of this process of modernization was the struggle for a new constitution in 1987. An inclusive social movement called Urban Reform, comprising housing movements, city-rights movements, professional associations, unions, NGOs, Liberation Theology movements, universities and research centers, and groups of progressive mayors was created to promote common demands “including public participation in land use decisions and planning policies” (Maricato 2009: 201). One of Urban Reform’s most significant achievements in this

in Common spaces of urban emancipation
Wangui Kimari

gravitate towards a certain kind of milieu, which itself has an effect upon character – an effect which, in turn, might be passed down to future generations through a weakened constitution, and through the ways in which one rears one’s children and the habits one inculcates in them

in Turning up the heat
Inclusive urban energy transformations in spaces of urban inequality
Federico Caprotti
,
Jon Phillips
,
Saska Petrova
,
Stefan Bouzarovski
,
Stephen Essex
,
Jiska de Groot
,
Lucy Baker
,
Yachika Reddy
, and
Peta Wolpe

been an enduring reality: the complex and shifting post-apartheid socio-political landscape is an example of transformation in process. For example, Farmbry ( 2014 : 528) points out how a key transformational moment was the development and application of the South African constitution from 1994: this was ‘a transformative constitution, with a goal of building the nation as one with opposing norms than its predecessor and with a set of articulated goals around how a new South Africa might be better than the old’. Ensuring a transformation towards a ‘just’ energy

in African cities and collaborative futures
Crispian Fuller

self. While emotion is not the central concern of this chapter, what this discussion highlights is the need for sensitivity towards the intricacies of the self in Mead’s conceptualisation of the intersubjective constitution of human actors. For Markell (2007) , one way forward is to return to Mead’s original intentions. This involves developing an understanding of the interdependence of the self and community via conceptualising a constant conversation between the ‘I’ and ‘me’. The ‘I’ is not simply a response to participation and recognition in the community but

in The power of pragmatism
Luiz Eduardo Soares

group is organised is, to a greater or lesser extent, always influential in shaping the behaviour of its members: this is particularly true of institutions where discretion and arbitrary decision making are distinguished by complex, dynamic criteria and instability. In Brazil this correlation is extreme. One example is the military police, owing particularly to the nature of their duties. According to article 144 of the Federal Constitution, the military police are responsible for the public, carrying out a form of uniformed policing that is also known as preventive

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Sarah Kunz

– are summoned and assessed in the performance of being an expatriate. 1 In often appropriating, even aggressive, language one has ‘done’ Hong Kong or Kenya – passive places acted upon by the agentive expat. Such a discursive consumption of places in the constitution of the ‘international’ self is mirrored in InterNations’ feature that allows expats to display the flags of countries where they have lived on their online profiles. Crucially, the expatriate consumes places without ever fully becoming

in Expatriate
Dewey’s pragmatism and its implications for the spatialisation of social science 
Gary Bridge

problematic situation, the particular assemblage of human actants, non-human actants and objects and materials is important in how human actors select the elements to start reasoning (the institution of the problem) if ongoing habits fail to resolve the indeterminate situation. A second important feature of indexicality is that it needn’t be solely discursive. Non-discursive and gestural actions can be indexical (like pointing an index finger), and this emphasises the continuities between non-discursive and discursive action – in this case, in the constitution of linguistic

in The power of pragmatism