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Pascale Drouet

This chapter addresses the notions of limits, duration and torment. How do we know that the limits of endurance have reached a point of no return? What are the physical and psychic symptoms of exhaustion? Why do ‘tutors of resilience’, as Boris Cyrulnik calls them (such as Cordelia and Edgar in King Lear), fail to intuit these limits? This chapter shows how endurance is closely associated with the experience of duration. When time is experienced as interminable, the one who endures comes to evoke either a dead man before his time or a victim of torture, or even a miraculous survivor. This chapter suggests that, in King Lear, Edgar and Cordelia, and Kent to a lesser extent, serve as ‘tutors of resilience’ for Gloucester and Lear, even if they fail in the end. It suggests that the dynamic of ‘deterritorialisation’ entails a reflection upon the failure of understanding or, at least, the failure to take into account the vulnerability of the human condition.

in Shakespeare and the denial of territory
Author: Karen Fricker

This book explores the development of Robert Lepage’s distinctive approach to stage direction in the early (1984–94) and middle (1995–2008) stages of his career, arguing that globalisation had a defining effect in shaping his aesthetic and professional trajectory. It combines examination of Lepage’s theatremaking techniques with discussion of his work’s effects on audiences, calling on Lepage’s own statements as well as existing scholarship and critical response. In addition to globalisation theory, the book draws on cinema studies, queer theory, and theories of affect and reception. As such, it offers an unprecedented conceptual framework, drawing together what has previously been a scattered field of research. Each of six chapters treats a particular aspect of globalisation, using this as a means to explore one or more of Lepage’s productions. These aspects include the relationship of the local (in Lepage’s case, his background in Québec) to the global; the place of individual experience within global late modernity; the effects of screen media on human perception; the particular affect of ‘feeling global’; the place of branding in contemporary creative systems; and the relationship of creative industries to neoliberal economies. Making theatre global: Robert Lepage’s original stage productions will be of interest to scholars of contemporary theatre, advanced-level undergraduates with an interest in the application of theoretical approaches to theatrical creation and reception, and arts lovers keen for new perspectives on one of the most talked-about theatre artists of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

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Activism and design in Italy
Author: Ilaria Vanni

Precarious objects is a book about activism and design. The context is the changes in work and employment from permanent to precarious arrangements in the twenty-first century in Italy. The book presents design interventions that address precarity as a defuturing force affecting political, social and material conditions. Precarious objects shows how design objects, called here ‘orientation devices’, recode political communication and reorient how things are imagined, produced and circulated. It also shows how design as a practice can reconfigure material conditions and prefigure ways to repair some of the effects of precarity on everyday life. Three microhistories illustrate activist repertoires that bring into play design, and design practices that are grounded in activism. While the vitality, experimental nature and traffic between theory and praxis of social movements in Italy have consistently attracted the interest of activists, students and researchers in diverse fields, there exists little in the area of design research. This is a study of design activism at the intersection of design theory and cultural research for researchers and students interested in design studies, cultural studies, social movements and Italian studies.

Encounters with biosocial power
Author: Kevin Ryan

Refiguring childhood stages a series of encounters with biosocial power, which is a specific zone of intensity within the more encompassing arena of biopower and biopolitics. Assembled at the intersection of thought and practice, biosocial power attempts to bring envisioned futures into the present, taking hold of life in the form of childhood, thereby bridging being and becoming while also shaping the power relations that encapsulate the social and cultural world(s) of adults and children. Taking up a critical perspective which is attentive to the contingency of childhoods – the ways in which particular childhoods are constituted and configured – the method used in the book is a transversal genealogy that moves between past and present while also crossing a series of discourses and practices framed by children’s rights (the right to play), citizenship, health, disadvantage and entrepreneurship education. The overarching analysis converges on contemporary neoliberal enterprise culture, which is approached as a conjuncture that helps to explain, and also to trouble, the growing emphasis on the agency and rights of children. It is against the backdrop of this problematic that the book makes its case for refiguring childhood. Focusing on the how, where and when of biosocial power, Refiguring childhood will appeal to researchers and students interested in examining the relationship between power and childhood through the lens of social and political theory, sociology, cultural studies, history and geography.

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War, sovereignty, and resistance to the biopolitical imperium
Julian Reid

–423). Movement itself becomes an expression of war against the state in a context where the power of the sovereign depends upon its ability to determine and defend territorial limits. Yet this refusal of nomadic life to be bounded by the limits determined by sovereignty, its habitual recovery of its potential powers to shift and escape the boundaries set by states, and the processes of the deterritorialisation of sovereignty which this induces, becomes over time, Deleuze and Guattari argue, a constitutive function within the process of the reproduction of state power. The

in The biopolitics of the war on terror
Dave Morland

approach to the State emerges in their philosophical distinction between deterritorialisation and reterritorialisation. In What is philosophy?, Deleuze and Guattari (1994: 67–8) argue that we ‘need to see how everyone, at every age, in the smallest things as in the greatest challenges, seeks a territory, tolerates or carries out deterritorialisations, and is reterritorialised on almost anything – memory, fetish or dream’. This process of deterritorialisation and reterritorialisation permeates the State and the city. State and City, on the contrary, carry out a

in Changing anarchism
From ‘effet de retour’ to unnaturalness
Pascale Drouet

.4.25–36) For Richard II, this is truly symptomatic of ‘the eagle-winged pride / Of sky-aspiring and ambitious thoughts’ (1.3.129–30) of Bolingbroke’s implicit challenging of the doctrine of divine right. What better punishment than banishment for this Bolingbroke, who might incite the king’s subjects ‘to banish their affects with him’ (1.4.30)? What better nemesis than geographical deterritorialisation for

in Shakespeare and the denial of territory
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New York 1917
Dafydd W. Jones

222 The fictions of Arthur Cravan 7 j ‘Pure affect’: New York 1917 Deterritorialisation The present study is premised on a processing of philosophical positions into the descriptive recovery of Cravan, in an attempt to yield sense from what frequently appear to be nonsensical cultural positions that the idea of Cravan occupies. His perpetual escape from ‘an original territory’ through extensive movement renders for us the becoming of Arthur Cravan. The process of movement that is productive of change is described in Deleuze and Guattari’s last collaborative

in The fictions of Arthur Cravan
Siobhán McIlvanney

littérature mineure (Paris: Minuit, ); in other words, ‘le branchement de l’individuel sur l’immédiat-politique, l’agence- Beur female identity  ment collectif d’énonciation’ (p. ) (‘the connection of the individual to a political immediacy, and the collective assemblage of enunciation’ (Kafka: Toward a Minor Literature, trans. Dana Polan (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, ), p. )). The third characteristic, ‘la déterritorialisation de la langue’ (p. ) (‘the deterritorialisation of language’ (p. )) is apparent in the linguistic

in Women’s writing in contemporary France
Considerations and consequences
Thomas Sutherland

‘[d]eterritorialisation, in general, is one of the central forces of the modern world’. Deleuzian philosophy, it must be noted, has had a significant impact upon the ubiquity of this concept of flow within the social sciences and particularly human geography. In the words of Boltanski and Chiapello (2007: xxiv), what Deleuze and Guattari offer is ‘an ontology containing only one tier or plane (the ‘plane of immanence’)’, which ‘knows only singularities or flows, the relationship between which assumes a reticular form and whose movements and relations are governed by

in Time for mapping