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Considerations and consequences
Thomas Sutherland

systems. The givenness of fluidity In its simplest terms, digital mapping involves the digitisation of either preexisting maps or the tracing and measuring of orthophotographic imagery. The latter refer to the use of geometrically corrected aerial photography as the basis for mapping, rather than using the traditional symbolic representations. Dissemination of imagery through services such as Google Maps has encouraged everyday utilisation of such data. In either case, the result is a set of spatio-­temporally indexed digital data, which allows locations to be recorded

in Time for mapping
Jonathan Blaney, Sarah Milligan, Marty Steer, and Jane Winters

. DATA MANAGEMENT Digital history not only represents a shift in the way we undertake research, it fundamentally transforms how we share that research. There have never been more opportunities and means to share your research than there are today. Research output goes beyond paywalled journal articles and, indeed, need not include them at all. Throughout this book, you have been learning how to create and transform digital data. Let us consider some research outputs that can be generated from the Post Office project so far: Metadata Page images Machine

in Doing digital history
Open Access (free)
Barbara Prainsack and Sabina Leonelli

be allowed to use them. This is true for any digital data set – including our postings on social media, billing data held by health insurance companies or geolocation information collected by mobile phone companies. Scientific data, however, are under particular pressure to Responsibility 99 be available, intelligible and usable to a wide range of users, because of the expectation that knowledge production (particularly that sponsored by public money) should benefit society at large and be accessible by citizens at all times and in all available formats. There

in Science and the politics of openness
Solutions or further problems?
Edwin O. Abuya

document met expectations. The registration process To obtain a Huduma Namba, one is required to fill out a free form – the Digital Data Capture Form. 4 Among other details, applicants are required to indicate their birth certificate and National Identity Card number (for nationals) or passport number and nationality or refugee or alien card number (for

in Statelessness, governance, and the problem of citizenship
Propaganda, Psychological Warfare and Persuasion
Philip M. Taylor

that it is the consumers who believe they are the beneficiaries. Since the Enlightenment, consumers of ideas likewise prefer to believe that they can access information freely as and when they need it with minimum outside interference. In this way can propaganda be identified and then rejected. But is this notion also an illusion? Now, in an age that is witnessing a massive explosion of information – with its talk of ‘information superhighways’, digital data networks and global satellite television services – this issue remains one of the most central concerns of our

in Munitions of the Mind
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Imagin(in)g the materiality of digital networks
Holger Pötzsch

. , and M. Hogan ( 2017 ) ‘ Introducing location and dislocation: Global geographies of digital data ’, Imaginations , 8 ( 2 ): 4–7 . Kurzweil , R. ( 2005 ) The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology . New York : Viking . Lambert , L. , and H

in Border images, border narratives
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Marcos P. Dias

(2018), which reflects on the issue of the digital data that we produce outliving us; and second, through its ability to speculate on future urban scenarios that artist Liam Young (in Griffiths, 2015 ) describes as an ‘exaggerated present’. To illustrate these affordances, I talk about my participation in User Not Found and also describe a series of projects by Liam Young, who describes himself as a speculative architect. I also analyse the importance of the concept of collaboration towards generating future machines by describing 2097: We Made Ourselves Over

in The machinic city
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Clare Wilkinson and Emma Weitkamp

development communication (Barnett and Mahony, 2011 ). Segmentation can occur on a variety of criteria, including by demographic factors, attitudes and interests, to name some of the most popular (Bowater and Yeoman, 2013 ). It involves a process of dividing people up into ‘segments’ who would be expected to behave or respond to communication in the same or a very similar way; segmentation has advanced rapidly as an approach, due to the increased sophistication of techniques which can be applied to digital data on customers, clients or publics (Barnett and Mahony, 2011

in Creative research communication
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Elke Schwarz

subject detected by drone's surveillance cameras is, in the first scientific schema, transmuted algorithmically into a patterned sequence of numerals: the digital code of ones and zeros. Converted into digital data coded as a ‘pattern of life’, the targeted human subject is reduced to an anonymous simulacrum that flickers across the screen and that can effectively be liquidated into a ‘pattern of death’ with the swivel of a

in Death machines
Fresh contexts and perspectives
Jane Ohlmeyer and Micheál Ó Siochrú

emphasis shifts from the generation of digital data to how these resources can be interrogated, and as technology becomes increasingly sophisticated and user-friendly, historians – together with literary scholars, historical geographers, linguists, computer scientists and other researchers – will be able to interrogate their sources and represent their findings in ways currently unimaginable.20 6 • jane ohlmeyer & micheál ó siochrú • fresh perspectives on 1641 This collection of essays explores one of the key episodes in Irish history, the outbreak, course and

in Ireland, 1641