‘Faithanddoubt in Shakespeare’s Henry VI , Parts
1 and 2, and King John ’, Shakespeare Jahrbuch ,
149 (2013), 73–87 (p. 82). Goodland, Female Mourning ,
discusses Constance’s passionate rhetoric from the perspective
of Reformation prohibition of mourning rituals, pp. 119–33 (p.
perspective, viewing medieval religion as a
mixture of intolerance and superstition. The structure and politics of
the Church and conflicts between Christianity and Islam in films about
the crusades often form the background of medieval movies in general.
But in many medieval noir films, personal faithanddoubt and its
testing are very much the central themes and also determine the progress
of the plot and
FaithandDoubt (New Haven:
Yale University Press, 2008), pp. 19–40.
14 George Eliot, Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life, 4 vols (Edinburgh and London:
William Blackwood and Sons, 1871–72), I: pp. v–vii; IV: p. 371.
15 Rowland E. Prothero, The Life and Correspondence of Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, 2 vols (London:
John Murray, 1893), I: p. 116.
16 Philip C. Almond, The British Discovery of Buddhism (Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press, 1988); Almond, Heretic and Hero: Muhammad and the Victorians (Wiesbaden:
O. Harrassowitz, 1989); Clinton Bennett, Victorian
reuniting of Leonard and Maria, seem to be
concessions to filmic narrative: the dismemberment (necessarily) happens
off camera, for example; and Maria engineers her relationship with Bob
immediately after the killing of Otto, in order to save Leonard. See The
Innocent (Island World, 1993), directed by John Schlesinger, starring
Anthony Hopkins (Bob Glass), Isabella Rossellini (Maria) and Campbell
15 Helen Whitney, ‘FaithandDoubt at Ground Zero’ (interview), Frontline
(April 2002), available at www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/
Richard Schweitzer, The Cross and the
Trenches: Religious FaithandDoubt among British and American
Great War Soldiers (Praeger: Westport, Conn., 2003); Daniel
Todman, ‘ “Sans Peur et sans Reproche”: The
Retirement, Death and Mourning of Sir Douglas Haig,
1918–1928’, Journal of Military History 67
(2003), 1083–1106; Allen J
the most comprehensive discussion of evangelicalism,
see D. Bebbington, Evangelicalism in Modern Britain (London: Unwin
Hyman, 1989). For the Oxford Movement, see P B. Nockles, The Oxford
Movement in Context (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994 ). For Broad Churchmen, see E. Jay, FaithandDoubt in Victorian Britain (Basingstoke & London: Macmillan
Education, 1986 ), Chapter 3