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Author: Ingi Iusmen

This book offers a timely exploration of the nature and scale of the emergent EU human rights regime by critically examining how and why EU intervention in human rights matters (with a key focus on child protection in Romania) as part of Eastern enlargement, has had feedback effects on the EU’s own institutional and policy structures. By drawing on the human rights conditionality (particularly in relation to children’s rights) as applied to Romania, this book demonstrates that the feedback effects regarding children’s rights have transformed the EU institutions’ role and scope in this policy area both in EU internal and external human rights dimensions. The process-tracing dimension illustrates why policy issues emerge on EU political agenda, which is in line with agenda-setting processes, and why they persist over time, which reflects historical institutionalist accounts. It is also shown that Eastern enlargement has raised the profile of Roma protection, international adoptions, the disabled and mental health at the EU level. The impact of these developments has been further reinforced by the constitutional and legal provisions included in the Lisbon Treaty. It is argued that Eastern enlargement along with the post-Lisbon constitutional changes have generated the emergence of a more robust and well-defined EU human rights regime in terms of its constitutional, legal and institutional clout.

Norms and realities
Karim A.A. Khan and Anna Kotzeva

The Union is founded on the principles of liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law, principles which are common to Member States. TEU Article 6(1) 2 Introduction The

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
Chantal Mouffe

9780719082542_C06.qxd 8/9/11 15:51 Page 121 6 Can human rights accommodate pluralism? Chantal Mouffe There are many ways to approach the topic selected for this year’s Oxford Amnesty Lectures. I have chosen to examine it from the following angle: Can human rights accommodate pluralism? I am especially interested in two questions: (1) Do human rights transcend cultural and religious differences? (2) What does the answer to this question imply for our understanding of democracy in a global context? I will begin by examining the supposedly universal relevance

in Religion and rights
From Eastern enlargement to the Lisbon Treaty and beyond
Ingi Iusmen

6 European Union human rights regime: from Eastern enlargement to the Lisbon Treaty and beyond The Nobel Peace Prize 2012 is awarded to [the] European Union as: ‘the Union and its forerunner have, for over six decades, contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe’. (Nobel Committee) Introduction This chapter examines the key features and scope of the emergent European Union (EU) human rights regime in the light of Eastern enlargement and the Lisbon Treaty provisions. The EU has been recently hailed as a

in Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime
Dominant approaches
M. Anne Brown

THE IDEA OF human rights covers a complex and fragmentary terrain. As R. J. Vincent comments near the beginning of his work on human rights in international relations, ‘human rights’ is a readily used term that has become a ‘staple of world politics’, the meaning of which is by no means self-evident (1986: 7). After glossing the term as the ‘idea that humans have rights’ (1986: 7) – a deceptively simple approach – Vincent notes that this is a profoundly contested territory, philosophically as well as politically. This is not surprising, as

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Kelly-Kate Pease

Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy is the bargaining, negotiating, and advocating process involved with promoting and protecting international human rights and humanitarian principles. This diplomacy is also a secondary mechanism for discovering or defining new rights and principles. For centuries, diplomacy in general was the exclusive preserve of states. States use diplomacy as a foreign policy tool to achieve complicated and often competing goals. Today, human rights and humanitarian diplomacy is conducted on many levels by individuals who

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy
Kelly-Kate Pease

Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy takes place on many different levels and through a variety of channels. Previous chapters have explored how states, IGOs, and NGOs institutionally conduct diplomacy to advance human rights and humanitarian principles. Prominent individuals working for these institutions, or who have taken high profile public stances, have been discussed in tandem to show the importance of individuals in defining and advancing respect for international human rights and principles. This chapter is devoted to the human rights and

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy
Paul D. Halliday

In the 1640s and 1650s, a handful of contrarians campaigned for human rights. They did not invent human rights, nor can we place them in an intellectual genealogy leading to human rights as we understand them today. Therein lies the value of their thought. They promoted the human rights we do not have, ideas we would not see were it not for their efforts to give them life and for our own efforts to understand them. 1 Some of their notions might feel familiar to us. Most important, these seventeenth-century campaigners believed that such rights inhere in

in Revolutionising politics
Umberto Tulli

In his memoirs, Jimmy Carter has underlined how his personal attention to human rights had a long history that preceded his announcement to run for the Democratic nomination on 12 December 1974. Similarly, many historians have pointed out that his commitment to human rights was rooted in his strong moral and religious beliefs, as well as in the experience of the civil rights movement. The human rights campaign, Carter’s speechwriter Hendrik Hertzberg wrote, was “pure Jimmy”. 1 However, human rights became a specific theme that qualified Carter’s platform for

in A precarious equilibrium
Historical outlook and analytical frameworks
Ingi Iusmen

1 The European Union and human rights: historical outlook and analytical frameworks We are not a human rights organization: our bread and butter business is the acquis communautaire; and the bread and butter of the accession negotiations are ‘adopt the acquis communautaire’. (Commission official) Introduction The last rounds of enlargement saw the European Union’s (EU’s) intervention in a wide range of human rights matters in the Eastern candidates. The European Commission’s pro-active role in applying the accession conditionality had a transformative impact on

in Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime