Search results

You are looking at 11 - 20 of 140 items for :

  • "international intervention" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All

This is a start-of-the-art consideration of the European Union’s crisis response mechanisms. It brings together scholars from a range of disciplinary backgrounds to examine how and why the EU responds to crises on its borders and further afield. The work is based on extensive fieldwork in among another places, Afghanistan, Libya, Mali and Iraq.

The book considers the construction of crises and how some issues are deemed crises and others not. A major finding from this comparative study is that EU crisis response interventions have been placing increasing emphasis on security and stabilisation and less emphasis on human rights and democratisation. This changes – quite fundamentally – the EU’s stance as an international actor and leads to questions about the nature of the EU and how it perceives itself and is perceived by others.

The volume is able to bring together scholars from EU Studies and Peace and Conflict Studies. The result showcases concept and theory-building alongside case study research.

Kristóf Gosztonyi

, an attempt is made to show how the international intervention caused the decentralisation of power in the region. 56 Non-existent states with strange institutions The international community It has been shown that in the course of its historical evolution, Herceg-Bosna, emerging from the total chaos of the initial phase of the Bosnian war, entered a stage of increasing centralisation of power. This occurred from the beginning of 1992 until the end of 1993 under the leadership of Mate Boban. Following the signing of the Washington Agreement, a change in the

in Potentials of disorder
International peacebuilding consortiums in Nagorny Karabakh, 2003–16
Laurence Broers

In the early 1990s the appearance of a small, war-ravaged and unrecognised Armenian republic in the South Caucasus created a new context in the history of international interventions in Armenian crises. 1 The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR), proclaimed on 2 September 1991, was one of several cases of unilateral secession challenging Soviet successor states, in this case Azerbaijan. 2 These secessions were contested in small but often vicious wars, characterised on all sides by violations of the human rights of civilian populations on a massive scale. Their

in Aid to Armenia
Abstract only
Philip Hammond

. A third, again closely related, criticism is that the negative impact of international intervention prior to 1994 tends to be underestimated or ignored by most analysts. The RPF’s 1990 invasion was repulsed with French help, but although France had been a staunch supporter of Habyarimana’s one-party state during the Cold War, Western priorities in Africa had already begun to change. The watchword

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Kathryn Nash

on a myriad of tasks, including implementing complex peace agreements, building institutions, disarming former combatants, and monitoring human rights. 11 One of the first examples of a UN-approved international intervention in the post-Cold War period is the invocation of the clause UN Charter aimed to deter crimes of aggression to defend Kuwait against an invasion by Iraq. The initial intervention approved by the UNSC to expel Iraq from Kuwait clearly fell under a traditional interpretation of the UN Charter that forbids crimes of aggression. Iraqi military

in African peace
Abstract only
Philip Hammond

definition, possess full sovereignty, international intervention is both necessary and legitimate. As we saw in Chapter 2, this was precisely the argument made about intervention in Somalia in the early 1990s. In the present context, emphasising that ‘For the last five years [Afghanistan] has not even existed as a functioning state’ and that ‘there are no state institutions worth speaking of in Kabul, Straw

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Learning from the case of Kosovo
Jenny H. Peterson

commitment to a wider reform agenda such as facilitating global trade, international economic concerns are clearly central to understanding international intervention in the territory. If analysis of a war economy involves understanding who profits from conflict and how, all of these issues become pertinent. The same can be said in terms of understanding the economic interests of regional actors. Despite being one of the poorest regions of the former Yugoslavia, Kosovo contains some of the largest mineral deposits in the region including zinc, lignite and coal. The Trepça

in Building a peace economy?
Author: Mary Venner

The reconstruction of Kosovo after 1999 was one of the largest and most ambitious international interventions in a post conflict country. Kosovo was seen by many international actors as a ‘green fields’ site on which to construct the government institutions and practices they considered necessary for future peace and prosperity. For a while Kosovo was close to being a laboratory for the practice of institution building and capacity development. This book looks beyond the apparently united and generally self congratulatory statements of international organisations and donors to examine what actually happened when they tried to work together in Kosovo to construct a new public administration. It considers the interests and motivations and the strengths and weaknesses of each of the major players and how these affected what they did, how they did it, and how successful they were in achieving their goals. Although in general the international exercise in Kosovo can be seen as a success, the results have been uneven. Some public administration institutions perform well while others face ongoing challenges. The book argues that to a significant extent the current day performance of the Kosovo government can be traced to the steps taken, or sometimes not taken, by various international actors in the early years of the international intervention.

Postsocialist, post-conflict, postcolonial?
Author: Catherine Baker

This book explains theoretical work in postcolonial and postsocialist studies to offer a novel and distinctive insight into how Yugoslavia is configured by, and through, race. It presents the history of how ideas of racialised difference have been translated globally in Yugoslavia. The book provides a discussion on the critical race scholarship, global historical sociologies of 'race in translation' and south-east European cultural critique to show that the Yugoslav region is deeply embedded in global formations of race. It considers the geopolitical imagination of popular culture; the history of ethnicity; and transnational formations of race before and during state socialism, including the Non-Aligned Movement. The book also considers the post-Yugoslav discourses of security, migration, terrorism and international intervention, including the War on Terror and the refugee crisis. It elaborates how often-neglected aspects of the history of nationhood and migration reveal connections that tie the region into the global history of race. The book also explains the linkage between ethnic exclusivism and territory in the ethnopolitical logic of the Bosnian conflict and in the internationally mediated peace agreements that enshrined it: 'apartheid cartography'. Race and whiteness remained perceptible in post-war Bosnian identity discourses as new, open-ended forms of post-conflict international intervention developed.

Roger Mac Ginty and Paula Banerjee

This chapter examines the relationship between social justice, security and peace. The authors note significant internal heterogeneity in India and Europe, despite the statebuilding efforts in India and standardization processes in Europe. The authors give an overview of five sets of ideas which have linked social justice and peace. All five sets of ideas are showing that if social justice is taken seriously then social harmony will be preserved and at the same time tensions will be reduced, together with chances for conflict. However, they find that peace accords have a tendency to emphasize security rather than welfare. This is because international interventions are usually led by leading actors from the global north who are guided by neoliberal agenda. They usually underplay social aspects of the state and emphasise its security aspect. This is one of the reasons why priority is given to security over social justice, when sequencing of activities in the intervention. The authors give an example of reforms in Georgia which led to drastic undermining of state in terms of social provision. They conclude that international attempts which focus on social justice are much fewer in numbers than those which address security issues.

in Cultures of governance and peace