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Debating the ‘lascar question’
Frances Steel

unknown. 47 Following reports of abuse, Fiji’s plantations were monitored ‘with excruciating exactitude’, as John Kelly discusses, with statistics gathered on work rates, absences, wages, birth, death and crime rates, education and return passages. 48 By contrast, the recruitment processes of lascars in port and the labour conditions on board ship

in Oceania under steam
Mark Hampton

was similarly noted in a 1978 New Statesman article that pointed out that nearby Macau attracted two million Hong Kong visitors per year to its casinos. 97 Victorian values and their discontents Hong Kong’s labour conditions attracted the periodic attention of social reformers and manufacturing interests in Britain. In the mid-1960s, Elsie

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97
Abstract only
Mark Hampton

–1941’, Past & Present 171 (2001): 161–202; Shuk-wah Poon, ‘Dogs and British Colonialism: The Contested Ban on Eating Dogs in Colonial Hong Kong’, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 42 ( 2014 ): 308–28. In addition, ‘sweatshop’ labour conditions were to a limited extent ameliorated in the early 1960s, in part because of metropolitan

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97
Kate Bowan
Paul A. Pickering

yesterday celebrated Labour Day in the customary manner and, in this city, under favourable auspices,’ he wrote. ‘It had long been recognised that in the colonies of the British Empire labour conditions generally are superior to those existing in older countries, and, in New Zealand in particular, the lot of the worker is usually one that leaves very little room for grumbling.’ 130 Having witnessed the

in Sounds of liberty
Abstract only
Convict servitude and the reworking of the private sphere, c.1817–42
Kirsty Reid

and an assault upon the labour conditions, freedom and independence of convicts. As we saw in chapter three, until the early 1820s, most convicts made their own housing and domestic arrangements, and consequently they were relatively free to live and work as they chose, particularly in their own time. The opening of convict institutions like the Hobart barracks in the early 1820s marked the beginning

in Gender, crime and empire
Women’s experiences of cocoa farming
Emma Robertson

Labour conditions in cocoa farming have recently come under scrutiny following accusations of child slavery. In April 2001, a ship arriving at Benin was thought to be carrying child slaves from Nigeria. This brought the international spotlight onto the exploitation of child labour, resulting in a pact signed by several chocolate manufacturers, human rights groups and the Ivory Coast government to end

in Chocolate, women and empire
Nicola Ginsburgh

January 1948, p. 1. 190 ‘Suggestion to Improve Native Labour Conditions’, Rhodesia Herald , 9 April 1948, p. 11. 191 Vambe, Rhodesia to Zimbabwe , p. 245. 192 Lessing, Going Home , p. 252. 193 Granite Review , December 1942, p. 12. 194 Minutes of the 1946 RRWU Conference , p. 149. 195 ‘African Trade Unions’, RRR , November 1946, p. 3. 196 Samkange, ‘Rhodesia Labour Party’, pp. 53–90. 197 ICOMM: 1, Memo Re. Split SRLP from RLP, p. 1. 198 ICOMM:, Constitution, p. 2. 199 Ibid. 200 ‘The Labour Party vs

in Class, work and whiteness
Martin Thomas

of between four per cent (French Guiana) and nine per cent (Martinique). 16 At the end of the inter-war period, as at the beginning, recourse to increased taxation flowed naturally from the overriding need to balance budgets. Labour supply Colonial governments generally regulated workers’ employment terms and labour conditions

in The French empire between the wars
Gordon T. Stewart

compare conditions of life and labour in this country with those obtaining in Dundee’. They reminded their Dundee audience that the Royal Commission on Labour of 1890 set up by the Government of India had found nothing wrong with labour conditions in the Calcutta mills. The IJMA presented the Calcutta mills as a great boon to the poorer classes of Bengal. ‘The Jute Mills in Bengal’, they admonished the

in Jute and empire
Frank Uekötter

response, tappers could turn to independent suppliers or switch dealers, but the location of their trade severely limited their range of options. In fact, quite a number of tappers eventually realised that they were operating at a loss. 6 Labour conditions in the Amazon became subject to international scrutiny when the muckraking British weekly Truth began to publish a series of

in Sites of imperial memory