Following reports of abuse, Fiji’s plantations
were monitored ‘with excruciating exactitude’, as John
Kelly discusses, with statistics gathered on work rates, absences,
wages, birth, death and crime rates, education and return
By contrast, the recruitment processes of lascars in port and the
labourconditions on board ship
noted in a 1978 New Statesman article that pointed out that
nearby Macau attracted two million Hong Kong visitors per year to its
Victorian values and their
Hong Kong’s labourconditions attracted the periodic attention of social reformers and
manufacturing interests in Britain. In the mid-1960s, Elsie
–1941’, Past &
Present 171 (2001): 161–202; Shuk-wah Poon,
‘Dogs and British Colonialism: The Contested Ban on Eating
Dogs in Colonial Hong Kong’, Journal of Imperial and
Commonwealth History 42 ( 2014 ):
308–28. In addition, ‘sweatshop’ labourconditions
were to a limited extent ameliorated in the early 1960s, in part
because of metropolitan
celebrated Labour Day in the customary manner and, in this city, under
favourable auspices,’ he wrote. ‘It had long been
recognised that in the colonies of the British Empire labourconditions
generally are superior to those existing in older countries, and, in New
Zealand in particular, the lot of the worker is usually one that leaves
very little room for grumbling.’ 130 Having witnessed the
Convict servitude and the reworking of the private sphere, c.1817–42
and an assault upon the labourconditions, freedom and
independence of convicts. As we saw in chapter three, until the early
1820s, most convicts made their own housing and domestic arrangements,
and consequently they were relatively free to live and work as they
chose, particularly in their own time. The opening of convict
institutions like the Hobart barracks in the early 1820s marked the
Labourconditions in cocoa farming have recently come
under scrutiny following accusations of child slavery. In April 2001, a
ship arriving at Benin was thought to be carrying child slaves from
Nigeria. This brought the international spotlight onto the exploitation
of child labour, resulting in a pact signed by several chocolate
manufacturers, human rights groups and the Ivory Coast government to end
January 1948, p. 1.
190 ‘Suggestion to Improve Native LabourConditions’, Rhodesia Herald , 9 April 1948, p. 11.
191 Vambe, Rhodesia to Zimbabwe , p. 245.
192 Lessing, Going Home , p. 252.
193 Granite Review , December 1942, p. 12.
194 Minutes of the 1946 RRWU Conference , p. 149.
195 ‘African Trade Unions’, RRR , November 1946, p. 3.
196 Samkange, ‘Rhodesia Labour Party’, pp. 53–90.
197 ICOMM: pp.zw.srlp. 1, Memo Re. Split SRLP from RLP, p. 1.
198 ICOMM: pp.zw.rlp.RLP.1938, Constitution, p. 2.
200 ‘The Labour Party vs
four per cent (French Guiana) and nine per cent (Martinique). 16 At the end
of the inter-war period, as at the beginning, recourse to increased
taxation flowed naturally from the overriding need to balance
Colonial governments generally
regulated workers’ employment terms and labourconditions
compare conditions of life and labour in this
country with those obtaining in Dundee’. They reminded their
Dundee audience that the Royal Commission on Labour of 1890 set up by
the Government of India had found nothing wrong with labourconditions
in the Calcutta mills. The IJMA presented the Calcutta mills as a great
boon to the poorer classes of Bengal. ‘The Jute Mills in
Bengal’, they admonished the
response, tappers could turn to independent suppliers or switch
dealers, but the location of their trade severely limited their
range of options. In fact, quite a number of tappers eventually
realised that they were operating at a loss. 6
Labourconditions in the Amazon became subject to
international scrutiny when the muckraking British weekly
Truth began to publish a series of