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Angela McCarthy

‘but people thought that there were differences’. 3 While acknowledging that such practices may only be confined to certain members of a family or ethnic group, this chapter explores the material tokens of ethnic identity for the Irish and the Scots in New Zealand that they or others perceived as Irish or Scottish. As we saw in Chapter 2, some aspects of the national, regional, county, and local identities of Irish and

in Scottishness and Irishness in New Zealand since 1840
New theoretical directions

Materiality has long been tied to the political projects of nationalism and capitalism. But how are we to rethink borders in this context? Is the border the limit where the capitalist nation-state, contested and re-created at its centre, becomes fixed? Or is it something else? Is the border something, or does it instead do things? This volume brings questions of materiality to bear specifically on the study of borders. These questions address specifically the shift from ontology to process in thinking about borders. The political materialities of borders does not presume the material aspect of borders but rather explores the ways in which any such materiality comes into being. Through ethnographic and philosophical explorations of the ontology of borders and its limitations from the perspective of materiality, this volume seeks to throw light on the interaction between the materiality of state borders and the non-material aspects of state-making. This enables a new understanding of borders as productive of the politics of materiality, on which both the state project rests, including its multifarious forms in the post-nation-state era.

Leonie Hannan and Sarah Longair

There are, as we have seen, very many reasons for historians to be interested in the insights that material culture can unlock. However, for objects to yield rewards we must employ tried and tested strategies for examining them. Such established approaches have emerged from distinct disciplines and professional practices, which have their own histories and intellectual concerns. This chapter provides an introduction to the origins of historical material culture studies in terms of both academic research and museum practice, so that we can understand not

in History through material culture
Spiritualist phenomena, Dada photomontage, and magic
Leigh Wilson

3 ‘Miraculous constellations in real material’: spiritualist phenomena, Dada photomontage, and magic Leigh Wilson Debates about the relationship between photography and spiritualism have at their centre an either/or structure which has tended to distort any accurate picture of that relationship. If the focus is on the formal and aesthetic questions raised by particular photographic practices, or by photography per se, spiritualism is often used as a trope rather than being considered as a specific historical practice. In work which does take spiritualism

in The machine and the ghost
Jessica L. Malay

6 Elizabeth Hardwick’s material negotiations Jessica L. Malay Hardwick New Hall, now in the hands of the National Trust, is represented on its web page with a short descriptor: ‘An Elizabethan Masterpiece’. This descriptor sits about two-thirds down the page, underneath a stunning westerly view of the house. To those unfamiliar with the house, its relationship to Elizabeth Hardwick, Countess of Shrewsbury may not be at first apparent, though the initials ‘ES’ in carved openwork decorating the tops of the six banqueting houses may intrigue and elicit the

in Bess of Hardwick
Open Access (free)
Ash dieback and plant biosecurity in Britain
Judith Tsouvalis

11 Monstrous materialities: ash dieback and plant biosecurity in Britain Judith Tsouvalis The aim of the edited volume Science and the politics of openness is to raise awareness of the double-sided controversial nature of initiatives aimed at improving relations between science, policymaking, politics and publics. Efforts have been made to strengthen public trust in expert knowledge. These include dialogues organised between scientists and concerned publics on contentious, ethically complex issues, inviting specific publics to help decide the trajectories of

in Science and the politics of openness
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History, belief, and the theatre of enactment
Molly Flynn

4 Material witness History, belief, and the theatre of enactment Russia’s twenty-first-century documentary theatre artists draw upon the legacy of their country’s twentieth century in their search for new methods with which to stage collisions between theatre and everyday life. Chapter 2 illustrated how the artists of the Joseph Beuys Theatre and Moscow’s Sakharov Center use documentary theatre to make meaningful interventions in Russia’s culture of commemoration. Chapter 3 showed how the artists at Teatr.doc draw out important connections between the

in Witness onstage
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Representations of leadership in late nineteenth-century British battle painting
Paul Usherwood

human nature. Here were pictures which instead of depicting officers performing inspiring deeds of derring-do as in Desanges’s Victoria Cross series, or masterminding victories as in Allan’s Waterloo , implied (and occasionally actually showed) officers taking a personal interest in their men and thus able to intervene in their lives morally as well as materially. One way, then, of understanding

in Popular imperialism and the military 1850–1950
Valérie Leclercq and Veronique Deblon

. To curtail food trafficking, for instance, nuns and hospital wardens were often free to check the content of the tables whenever they pleased and to punish patients found at fault. 1 This invasion was all the more brutal because often the items stored in their bedside tables were all that patients had, the only material extension of themselves authorised in the spacious wards. Patients had no

in Medical histories of Belgium
Don Slater

5 Markets, materiality and the ‘new economy’ Don Slater Introduction The contemporary ‘cultural turn’ in thinking about economic processes has been deeply bound up with narratives of ‘dematerialisation’. We might start from Veblenesque stories of status symbols, and proceed through semiotic stories of ideologies and codes, through tales of post-industrial societies and service economies, through post-Fordist segmentation and lifestyling and finally on to knowledge, information or ‘weightless’ economies, ‘new economies’, global brands and digital commodities

in Market relations and the competitive process