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Revisioning the borders of community

Art and migration: revisioning the borders of community is a collective response to current and historic constructs of migration as disruptive of national heritage. This interplay of academic essays and art professionals’ interviews investigates how the visual arts – especially by or about migrants – create points of encounter between individuals, places, and objects. Migration has increasingly taken centre stage in contemporary art, as artists claim migration as a paradigm of artistic creation. The myriad trajectories of transnational artworks and artists’ careers outlined in the volume are reflected in the density and dynamism of fairs and biennales, itinerant museum exhibitions and shifting art centres. It analyses the vested political interests of migration terminology such as the synonymous use of ‘refugees’ and ‘asylum seekers’ or the politically constructed use of ‘diaspora’. Political and cultural narratives frame globalisation as a recent shift that reverses centuries of cultural homogeneity. Art historians and migration scholars are engaged in revisioning these narratives, with terms and methodologies shared by both fields. Both disciplines are elaborating an histoire croisée of the circulation of art that denounces the structural power of constructed borders and cultural gatekeeping, and this volume reappraises the historic formation of national identities and aesthetics heritage as constructed under transnational visual influences. This resonates with migrant artists’ own demands for self-determination in a display space that too often favours canonicity over hybridity. Centring migration – often silenced by normative archives or by nationalist attribution practices – is part of the workload of revisioning art history and decolonising museums.

Author: Mary Gilmartin

Migration is one of the key issues in Ireland today. This book provides a new and original approach to understanding contemporary Irish migration and immigration, showing that they are processes that need to be understood together. It focuses on four key themes (work, social connections, culture and belonging) that are common to the experiences of immigrants, emigrants and internal migrants. The Gathering was an Irish government initiative held during 2013, bringing together festivals, concerts, seminars, family reunions under one convenient label, using it as a marketing campaign to encourage members of the Irish diaspora to visit Ireland. The 'Currents of Migration' map, together with the nuances of Ravenstein's discussion of migration, offer us a useful way to think about how we might map migration to and from Ireland. The emphasis on a close relationship between migration decisions and work has resulted in a wide range of research on the topic. The book describes social connections: on the ways in which we create, maintain and extend their social connections through the experience of migration. Migrants change the cultural structures and productions of particular places, and these changes may be welcomed to an extent, particularly in aspiring or already global cities. The temptations and complications of belonging become even more evident in association with migration. The book concludes by advocating for a place-based approach to migration, showing how this focus on Ireland as a specific place adds to our more general knowledge about migration as a process and as a lived experience.

Author: Anna Boucher

In the global race for skilled immigrants, governments compete for workers. In pursuing such individuals, governments may incidentally discriminate on gender grounds. Existing gendered differences in the global labour market related to life course trajectories, pay gaps and occupational specialisation are refracted in skilled immigration selection policies. This book analyses the gendered terrain of skilled immigration policies across 12 countries and 37 skilled immigration visas. It argues that while skilled immigration policies are often gendered, this outcome is not inevitable and that governments possess scope in policy design. Further, the book explains the reasons why governments adopt more or less gender aware skilled immigration policies, drawing attention to the engagement of feminist groups and ethnocultural organisations in the policy process. In doing so, it utilises evidence from 128 elite interviews undertaken with representatives of these organisations, as well as government officials, parliamentarians, trade unions and business associations in Australia and Canada over the period 1988 through to 2013. Presenting the first book-length account of the global race for talent from a gender perspective, Gender, migration and the global race for talent will be read by graduate students, researchers, policy-makers and practitioners in the fields of immigration studies, political science, public policy, sociology, gender studies and Australian and Canadian studies.

Eric Richards

1 The migration mystery Caesar’s crossing that petty stream, the Rubicon, is a fact of history, whereas the crossing of the Rubicon by millions of other people before or since interests nobody at all.1 Horizons Laurie Lee’s memoir Cider with Rosie contains a marvellous evocation of life in a Gloucestershire village of the 1920s, in which he mourned the loss of the world of his childhood. With a certain poetic license he charted the end of an era of British rural life: ‘soon the village would break, dissolve and scatter’. Laurie Lee had ‘belonged to a

in The genesis of international mass migration
The intersections of language, space and time
Bettina Migge and Mary Gilmartin

3995 Migrations.qxd:text 5/8/13 11:39 Page 199 11 Unbounding migration studies: the intersections of language, space and time 1 Bettina Migge and Mary Gilmartin Introduction: disciplinary borders As the foreign population of Ireland grew at unprecedented rates, it began to receive much academic attention. This early academic work, predominantly located within sociology, social policy and education (see, for example, Devine, 2010; Fanning, 2007),2 has shaped the study of contemporary migration to Ireland in two important ways. The first is through the

in Migrations
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‘other people’
Anna Killick

how much of a shock the referendum result was. People who did not usually talk about politics were engaged, excited or scared. The referendum followed years of high levels of migration from Eastern Europe into the city. There were Polish and Russian neighbourhoods and Polish shops. There were some native-born who resented it. However, there were others who welcomed it. Employer Alan stressed what he perceived as the greater desirability of migrants as employees. He was pleased that migration from Eastern Europe had brought in ‘lively, educated people’. The three

in Rigged
Paul Darby, James Esson, and Christian Ungruhe

Introduction In setting out the broad theoretical approach and conceptual tools that we employ in this book, this chapter opens with an overview of the state of academic inquiry into transnational African football migration. Our aim is not to engage in an exhaustive review of the extant literature. Rather, we provide a flavour of those issues and themes that have featured on the research agendas of a growing number of scholars working in this field. The focus of our treatment of this literature is on the schism between

in African football migration
A critical study of social media discourses
Marie Sundström and Hedvig Obenius

8 Marie Sundström and Hedvig Obenius (De-)legitimation of migration: a critical study of social media discourses ‘She is old and sick and will not live for many more years, you have to be humane by letting her stay and not be so damn bureaucratic (two angry smileys)’.1 The quote comes from a comment adding to a discussion on Facebook about the case of Sahar, a 106-year-old woman whom the Swedish Migration Agency denied a permit to remain in Sweden.2 The Agency argued that despite Sahar’s old age and poor health, there was no reason for her not to return to the

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Work in an age of mobility
A. James Hammerton

5 Migration and career stories: work in an age of mobility ‘I think it was just a challenge to try and get a job that would probably give us a better life financially’ (David Spencer, emigrated to Sydney 1970, returned to England, 1975).1 One of the newer trends driving British migration patterns of the last four decades, evident in previous chapters, has been a quest for adventure, for global experience and the forging of new lifestyles. Migrants frequently say that this stemmed from dissatisfaction with less material elements of life in Britain, from

in Migrants of the British diaspora since the 1960S
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Amsterdam 1617
Nigel Smith

Migration hub The intense migration into seventeenth-century Amsterdam is well known (Janssen 2017 ; Bredero 2017 : 64–6). 1 At the same time the city became the focus for the accelerated commercial activity that defined the Dutch Republic (properly the Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Provinciën , or Republic of the

in Transnational connections in early modern theatre