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Reconstructing popular political culture in early modern England
John Walter

protest. This produced a local variant of Rostow’s ‘social tension’ chart famously excoriated by E. P. Thompson. What we might label, tongue in cheek, as the graph of the ‘four Ps’ – population growth, price rise, poverty and protest – reflected an implicit belief that the level and trajectory of protest might be read directly off the causal chain that ran from population explosion to poverty and on to protest. Of course, nowhere within the literature on early modern England has anything so crude as this graph been produced. But the subliminal power of this ‘model’ helps

in Crowds and popular politics in early modern England
The paradoxes of sustainability and Michel Houellebecq’s The Possibility of an Island
Hannes Bergthaller

1 (1): 91–110. Ehrlich, Paul R. 1968. The Population Bomb. New York: Ballantine. Ehrlich, Paul R. and Anne Ehrlich 1990. The Population Explosion. New York: Simon and Schuster. Emerich, Monica 2011. The Gospel of Sustainability: Media, Market, and LOHAS. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. Foucault, Michel 1984. ‘What Is Enlightenment?’ The Foucault Reader. Ed. Paul Rabinow. New York: Pantheon, 32–50. Houellebecq, Michel 2000 [1998]. Atomized. Trans. Frank Wynne. New York: Vintage. Houellebecq, Michel 2006 [2005]. The Possibility of an Island. Trans. Gavin Bowd

in Literature and sustainability
Tony Fahey

century, provided the first of these phases, a period of divergence in the direction of the exceptionally early and widespread marriage and very high fertility already mentioned. That in turn contributed to a population explosion that occurred in Ireland in this period and had no parallel elsewhere in Europe at the time – population more or less doubled between the late 1700s and the early 1840s. Given the patchiness of the records, there is some uncertainty about the exact details of these divergences and how extreme they were. K.H. Connell, Ireland’s outstanding

in Are the Irish different?
Meir Hatina

, prosperity, rights and freedoms, as promised to us by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 21 The realization of these demands, al-Akhdar clarified, was contingent on the fulfillment of three conditions: Resolving the Arab–Israeli conflict in order to move from war on the battlefield to war against pollution, disease, poverty, illiteracy, poor education, and population explosion. The formulation of an international Marshall Plan for

in Arab liberal thought in the modern age
Mark Hampton

Kong was, as Robert Bickers terms it, a ‘backwater’, much less significant to British concerns than Shanghai. 4 Its inter-war population peaked at well under two million; and while this declined to about 600,000 at the end of the war, it had reached two million by 1951 and was nearing four million by 1971. This population explosion was stimulated firstly by the Chinese Civil War (1945–49) and then the subsequent victory by the Communist Party, which created a refugee crisis in the early 1950s. Yet it also resulted from a healthy birth rate; in both 1961 and 1971

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
Thomas Linehan

-east was particularly marked. The growth of London’s suburban ‘outer ring’ between 1921 and 1931, for example, saw population explosions in numerous districts hitherto partially rural, such as Carshalton by 105.2 per cent, Chingford by 132.6 per cent and Kingsbury by 796.3 per cent, the latter from 1,856 to 16,636. 55 This expansion partly reflected a desire on the part of the middle classes to flee the older parts of town and partly mirrored internal population movements from north to south. To the BUF the suburban phenomenon was wholly objectionable. Neither

in British Fascism 1918-39
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Susan Strange

countries, and that it is therefore only a partial and distant solution to the problem of international debt. A choice of scenarios Perhaps, though, partial and distant solutions to this (as to other problems of the international system) are all that can reasonably be hoped for. Just as there is no quick or easy solution to the problem of nuclear weapons, the population explosion, or the pollution of the seas and the skies, so it is hard to envisage a quick and easy solution to the uncertainties of a precarious financial system. As with the other problems, the known

in Casino Capitalism
Abstract only
Eric Richards

-step towards the catastrophe of the 1840s and mass emigration. They dominate the story of Ireland, each part explaining the other. The first disentanglement of the issues must recognise that emigration pre-dated and post-dated the Great Famine and that the prior population explosion engulfed every aspect of the Irish predicament. Population in perspective Scarcity and congestion were not necessarily the usual condition of Ireland. In the seventeenth century, land in Ireland was abundant and tenancies easy to obtain. Even in the early eighteenth century ‘there was a general

in The genesis of international mass migration
The Dublin experiment, 1945–56
Lindsey Earner-Byrne

, and the hospital would staff a clinic at Larkhill. The Coombe would continue to service the Dublin south-west and south areas, including a clinic in the Crumlin/Kimmage area, which witnessed a population explosion in the 1940s and 1950s. Finally, the National Maternity Hospital would be responsible for neonatal care in the Dublin south central, south-east and north-east areas, and also hold a clinic in Dun Laoghaire.51 The department reiterated that this plan did not affect a patient’s choice to apply to any hospital for care, but it did mean that the clinic in her

in Mother and child
The role of pronatalism in the development of Czech childcare and reproductive health policies
Hana Hašková and Radka Dudová

: 18). Specific measures, however, were only taken after 1948 when the Communist Party seized power and especially in the second half of the 1950s. In 1957, the State Population Commission in Czechoslovakia was established to address the problem of low fertility, as the fertility rate had begun to decline. Resolving the problem of insufficient population growth was also intended to tackle the ‘population explosion’ among inhabitants of so-called Gypsy origin (Rákosník and Šustrová 2016 : 142). Alongside these debates, concern was voiced over the degree to which the

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders