consensus over which moral claim is fundamental and so there
is no consensus on the general rule that resolves such moral conflicts.
Therefore, instead, we can hope to resolve such dilemmas only through the
exercise of practicaljudgement and practical reasoning.
Numerous studies have been carried out concerning civic education, both
the civic component of children’s formal education as well as specific civic
education programmes. In this section, I am interested most particularly in
studies examining civic education within a broader political
reason’ or ‘burdens of judgment’ that inevitably narrow the realm of what
persons can reasonably agree to. Even those who are seeking to reach a
normative consensus and who share ‘a common human reason’ in the sense
that ‘they can draw inferences, weigh evidence, and balance competing considerations’31 may not reach a consensus owing to various limits on their
capacities for reasonable theoretical and practicaljudgement. The most
important burden Rawls mentions is that the way individuals assess evidence and weigh moral and political values is shaped by their total
consequently requires practicaljudgements as well
as taken-for-granted or tacit knowledge. This suggests that everyday
practices as performances can have a range of elements. In this chapter,
I limit my discussion to three (style, speech and space) and draw from
one of the founding fathers of dramaturgy, Erving Goffman.
Style . Goffman ( 1990 , pp.
34–5) identifies two elements of what I term a
strategic calculations of the US; the priority the Clinton and Bush
administrations have attached to enlargement has overridden more
practicaljudgements relating to the preparedness of new members.
Equally, however, it reflects NATO’s own more flexible remit
following the Cold War (which means it is capable of accommodating a
large and varied range of states with differing levels of preparedness)