Search results

You are looking at 11 - 20 of 7,168 items for :

  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Andrew Carnegie’s dreamworld
Duncan Bell

46 2 Duncan Bell Race, utopia, perpetual peace: Andrew Carnegie’s dreamworld Introduction What is the intellectual history of American foreign policy? Two methodological issues stand out in thinking through this question. The first concerns the appropriate level of analysis, and thus the range of materials that are suitable for constructing such a history. Must we focus on ideas or conceptual schemes that have directly (or even indirectly) shaped debate and decision-​making among the Washington policy elite, or could our analysis also encompass the production

in American foreign policy
Abstract only
Geological folklore and Celtic literature, from Cornwall to Scotland
Shelley Trower

rather than Hunt’s work itself. 5 The chapter will bring together Hunt’s various forms of narrative – namely his mining treatises, poetry and folklore collection – to illustrate how particular rocks serve to distinguish ‘Celtic’ regions and nations from a more ‘sedimentary’ England, and to distinguish the ‘Celtic race’ from the more ‘civilised

in Rocks of nation
John Mundy and Glyn White

in’ (2007: 20). This notion that comedy can be a Janus-like process, a barrier as well as an entrance, both a ‘sword and a shield’, is important when we attempt to understand the relationship between comedy, race and ethnicity. Comic material in broadcasting and film can, as we have seen, have different meanings for different audiences at different times, but it invariably relies a great deal on

in Laughing matters
‘Slaying the dragon of Eskimo status’ before the Supreme Court of Canada, 1939
Constance Backhouse

As a colony Canada inherited both English and French law, was pummelled by American influences, and asserted imperialistic powers of its own across racial boundaries vis-à-vis First Nations’ and Aboriginal communities. This paper focuses on the legal definition of ‘race’, an area riddled with Canadian imperialist thought and practice, at the

in Law, history, colonialism
Eugenics and birth control in Johannesburg, 1930-40
Susanne Klausen

Only the nobler, more intelligent, energetic and healthier citizens of the present should be the ancestors of future generations. 2 (H. B. Fantham, from a lecture presented to the Race Welfare Society, 14 August 1930) The State needs all the good children it can

in Science and society in southern Africa
Brett L. Shadle

our firm conviction that those interests will be best served by promoting the welfare of the white population.’ 1 The comparison between settlers and anti-slavery advocates becomes perverse, however, when the influence of racial thinking is taken into account. As the nineteenth century wore on, scientists constructed ever-more elaborate rankings of people by race, and by their race’s level of

in The souls of white folk
Child rescue discourse, England, Canada and Australia, 1850–1915

When General Charles Gordon lived at Gravesend in the 1860s, he turned himself into a child rescuer. This book contributes to understandings of both contemporary child welfare practices and the complex dynamics of empire. It analyses the construction and transmission of nineteenth-century British child rescue ideology. The book aims to explain the mentality which allowed the child removal policy to flourish. The disseminated publications by four influential English child rescue organisations: Dr. Barnardo's (DBH), the National Children's Homes (NCH), the Church of England Waifs and Strays Society (WSS) and the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC), are discussed. The gospel of child rescue was a discursive creation, the impact of which would be felt for generations to come. The body of the child was placed within a familiar environment, rendered threatening by the new social, religious and moral meanings ascribed to it. Ontario's 1888 Children's Protection Act required local authorities to assume maintenance costs of wards and facilitated the use of foster care. Changing trends in publishing have created an opportunity for the survivors of out-of-home care to tell their stories. The book shows how the vulnerable body of the child at risk came to be reconstituted as central to the survival of nation, race and empire. The shocking testimony that official enquiries into the treatment of children in out-of-home 'care' held in Britain, Ireland, Australia and Canada imply that there was no guarantee that the rescued child would be protected from further harm.

Atheism, Race, and Civilization, 1850–1914

Race in a godless world is the first historical analysis of the racial views of atheists and freethinkers. It centers on Britain and the United States in the second half of the nineteenth century, a time when a popular atheist movement emerged and skepticism about the truth of Christianity became widespread, and when scientific racism developed and Western countries colonized much of the globe. The book covers racial and evolutionary science, imperialism in Africa and Asia, slavery and segregation in the United States, debates over immigration, and racial prejudice in theory and practice. The book’s central argument is that there was a constant tension throughout the period between, on the one hand, white atheists’ general acceptance that white, western civilization represented the pinnacle of human progress, and, on the other, their knowledge that these civilizations were so closely intertwined with Christianity. This led to a profound ambivalence about issues of racial and civilizational superiority. At times, white atheists assented to scientific racism and hierarchical conceptions of civilization; at others, they denounced racial prejudice and spoke favourably of non-white, non-western civilizations. As secularization continues and atheists move from the periphery to the mainstream, the book concludes by asking whether this pattern of ambivalence will continue in the future.

Shurlee Swain and Margot Hillel

for his homes was grounded in the language of race, a construct which, Catherine Hall has argued, provided ‘a space in which the English configured their relation to themselves and others … foundational to English forms of classification and relations of power’. 2 Hall’s focus is on the role of missionaries, located at the centre of the mutually constitutive process through which metropole and colony

in Child, nation, race and empire
Benjamin B. Cohen

A close examination of India’s clubland reveals what might be expected – that some clubs discriminated along race lines – but also what might be less expected – that a variety of clubs existed where race was actively negotiated. Most surprising is that even the most exclusively British clubs had a variety of Indian participation. Perhaps most (in)famous were the clubs that

in In the club