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Kenyatta, Malinowski, and the making of Facing Mount Kenya
Bruce Berman
John Lonsdale

). Social anthropology had its own attractions. It was the only discipline that offered Kenyatta an academic qualification through study of his own people. Malinowski’s functionalist approach – which saw ‘primitive’ peoples as living, integrated, societies, not evolutionary laggards – affirmed their human dignity and undermined racist stereotypes of Kenya’s ‘blank, uninteresting

in Ordering Africa
Joy Damousi

’. From this prevalence it follows that, ‘in times of stress, even the most liberal and enlightened may regress to racist stereotypes and preconceptions’. The psychological and psychiatric assessment was easily made. Racism was to be found in ‘residuals of a very early phase of development in which images of others and self-images are regarded as “all good” or “all bad”’. [The] more completely this split persists, the less subject it is to rational modification. The blatant racist preserves an essentially ‘all good’ image of himself, which he protects from contamination

in A history of the case study
Clement Masakure

. 38 These notions became part of everyday life as more Africans gained greater access to material goods. Hence, the cleanliness and hygienic nature of nurses expressed through the mode of dress was paradoxically an implicit reaction to the racist stereotype of the African body as a diseased and dirty one, and an appropriation that nurses used to counter the stereotypes projected by colonials. 39 Nurses deployed similar ideas on cleanliness, which functioned as a marker of difference between professional women and the ‘other’ non-formally employed women. The white

in African nurses and everyday work in twentieth-century Zimbabwe
Belgian popular imperialism, 1830–1960
Matthew G. Stanard

Belgian in popular culture. After 1945, francophone comic-strip artists increasingly targeted a broader audience, leading to decreased references to the Congo and an increase in a more generic Africa’ as a setting. 115 Some comics continued to reinforce ideas of European superiority over so-called inferior Africans and propagate long-standing racist stereotypes, such as Max Bara’s comic strips in Le

in European empires and the people
Dolto and the psychoanalytic approach to autism in France
Richard Bates

, fearing the ‘devouring contact from a devouring other with an eroticised and devouring outcome’. 106 Dolto reinforced her hypothesis in the following session, when she learned (from Dominique’s older brother Paul-Marie) that Madame Bel was in the habit of taking her children into her bed at night, during her husband’s absences, to keep her company. She now asserted that ‘it’s the temptation of incest which is the principal cause of the regression’, and, invoking racist stereotypes to help her, provided Dominique with what she

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Lucy Bland

!’41 Many Britons were shocked by the segregation and by the racism of the white GIs. Many felt strongly that ‘discrimination is undemocratic, particularly when black and white are both fighting for democracy’.42 It was not as if the British were without racism themselves, Mrs May being one example, but casting white Americans as the ‘true’ racists gave Britons a sense of superiority.43 Yet British attitudes were frequently condescending and informed by negative racist stereotypes. For example, the June 1943 Home Intelligence Report on British Public Feeling about

in Britain’s ‘brown babies’
Abstract only
Hepburn Sacha

labour and gender, with African women frequently excluded from employment in colonial households due to racist stereotypes surrounding African women’s intelligence and sexuality. Feminist scholarship on domestic service in the colonised and non-colonised world demonstrated how household labour relations were not only shaped by prevailing race, gender, and class hierarchies, but also revealed the ways in

in Home economics
Hepburn Sacha

employers’ preferences. From Northern Rhodesia to Mozambique, there were anxieties around the sexuality of African women, with many European women reluctant to employ African women in their homes because they feared that they might engage in sexual relationships with their husbands and other male household members. These fears were rooted partly in racist stereotypes about African women’s sexuality, and

in Home economics
Abstract only
Ulrike Ehret

author and her/his audience. Antisemitism is usually defined as hatred of Jews as Jews, as a belief system according to Helen Fein that was ‘designed to distance, displace or destroy Jews as Jews and/or carries (some of) these consequences’.20 With respect to Catholics as objects of this research, such a general definition of antisemitism needs further qualification. A distinction between traditional religious anti-Judaism and modern, secular antisemitism (which can include sociocultural, economic and racist stereotypes) remains quite essential in this context in order

in Church, nation and race
New social movements and single-issue politics
Daisy Payling

use of the term ‘Black’ in a Race Equality Panel meeting. The appendix noted that ‘Black’ was ‘essentially a political term’. It described how, whereas other terms in use had negative connotations, ‘“Black” is a political colour, that seeks to free language from this burden of racist stereotyping that it has come to inherit … and in doing so challenges the assumption on which racist belief and practice is based’. For these reasons it was the ‘preferred term’ for a ‘progressive local authority’. 153 Despite this shift

in Socialist Republic