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Atheism and polygenesis
Nathan G. Alexander

ideas that demonstrated the inferiority of non-white people in an arena free from religious dogma.50 Hunt’s racial ideas were strongly influenced by Robert Knox, a promising Edinburgh anatomy lecturer who was disgraced by unknowingly accepting bodies of murder victims for his anatomy classes. Knox initially enjoyed 37 Race in a Godless World a thriving career, but after the scandal – though officially exonerated of any wrongdoing – he became unemployable.51 This gave him free rein to publish his controversial racial views since he no longer had to worry about

in Race in a Godless World
François Burgat

whom we thought to keep calling what they called themselves: “Islamists.” Whether these were moderate or radical—and whether they rose through elections or as armed guerrilla groups. Roy, meanwhile, unshakably repeated his thesis that they belonged to the past—terminologically at least. To Roy, the rising battalions of “beardies” were an avatar of the latest in the crowded field of “post-” concepts: “post-Islamism.” They had, he felt, abandoned the hope of applying a literalist reading of their religious dogma in the political field. I in

in Understanding Political Islam
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William Morris’s News from Nowhere and Chaucer’s dream visions
John M. Ganim

character of fiction, an allegory of Life. Through renunciation both of established politics and of religious dogma, the Nowherians seem to have regressed, in an historical perspective, to a pre-capitalist, even a pre-Christian era, indeed to the legendary period when the Western world was inhabited by humans and fairies living in harmony.16 Laurent suggests that Morris engages in a kind of word-painting of landscapes in the novel, akin to how the visual arts successfully merge the moral and the political qualities of buildings and 192 Contemporary Chaucer across the

in Contemporary Chaucer across the centuries
A feminist analysis of the Neary and Halappanavar cases
Joan McCarthy

Catholicism. However, a senior midwife, Ann Maria Burke, admitted that she had suggested that the rationale for why the hospital could not provide Ms Halappanavar with an abortion was because Ireland was a ‘Catholic country’ (Holland, 2013b). When Ms Burke told the inquest that she had made the comment to Ms Halappanavar, the coroner told her that her remarks had ‘gone around the world’, that the abortion had been refused on legal, not religious, grounds, and DONNELLY 9780719099465 PRINT.indd 19 12/10/2015 15:59 20 Context and care that neither religious dogma nor

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
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The Veda as an alternative to the Bible
Dorothy Figueira

. It is to be remembered that the Romantics held that the simplicity of religious dogmas defined the original state of man and its corollaries that monotheism was anterior to polytheism and primitive revelation had progressively degenerated. Once a people has unfolded its spirit to its fullest expression – from the Romantic point of view – it has fulfilled its role in history and only ‘repetition’ (revivals), stagnation and decay could follow. Müller's conclusions concerning the Veda recapitulated this central Romantic thesis. Moreover, Romantic

in Chosen peoples
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Shakespeare rewrites the Holy Ghost
Steve Sohmer

Even William Shakespeare’s earliest plays reveal a distancing of his mind from the religious dogmas of his age. In what may be his first drama, 3 Henry VI (1591), 1 Shakespeare parodied the Crucifixion. Though his principal historical source was Hall’s Chronicle, 2 Shakespeare exploited Holinshed’s account of the persecution and assassination ofYork

in Shakespeare for the wiser sort
Sexual violence and trauma in the ‘war on terror’
Joanna Bourke

masculine nor feminine: simply all-powerful in-humanity. The suffering subject, on the other hand, is defined as lacking ‘true’ humanity, burdened with an excess of body . Bunching these bodies by gender – one portion of the great trilogy (the other two are class and ethnicity) – inevitably leads to a universal femaleness: the woman effaced in religious dogma as inherently inferior is also eradicated in conventional human rights discourse because that discourse is premised on the heterosexual white male. Not only does such a ‘bunching’ enforce the association of

in ‘War on terror’
David Arter

8 The Nordic welfare model In Sweden, social security remains an issue constantly praised and held up for public worship…. It is celebrated without end in the mass media as if it were some hallowed religious dogma that it was vital to assimilate for peace of mind. It is taught at school like a religion. Above all, it is presented as a vital possession that, ever threatened, must constantly be defended, for its loss is the worst of all possible dangers. (Huntford 1975: 190) Where there is a reputation, there are invariably detractors and, as the opening

in Scandinavian politics today
Gregorio Alonso

, just a decade before the declaration of papal infallibility by the First Vatican Council, the Spanish priest acknowledged that it was legitimate for the Pope to deal with all matters related to religious dogma. However, he argued that Pius IX could not be considered infallible ‘hablando de matemáticas, de política o de filosofía’ (speaking on mathematics, politics or philosophy).28 Aguayo also drew a clear line between the Pope and the King of Rome; while the latter could claim legitimate and exclusive rights in a particular sense, he reminded readers that these came

in Spain in the nineteenth century
Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Smiles and Victorian moralism
Alison Hulme

belief in salvation, the divinity of Jesus and religious dogma.3 Indeed, his autobiography of 1771 stated that he saw himself as a deist, i.e. rejecting revelation as a form of religious knowledge, and believing instead in the power of reason and observation of the natural world to prove the existence of a single Creator (Franklin, 2012b). As a result, Franklin’s thrift is essentially secular in its logic and morals. If Franklin’s thinking was rather challenging when considered in the light of his strict Puritan upbringing, his actions were perhaps even more rebellious

in A brief history of thrift