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Enlightenment Islam
Nadia Kiwan

who seeks to productively confront non-​Western and Western concepts of religion, spirituality, modernity and humanism. Indeed, many of Chebel’s works could be regarded as ‘livres de vulgarisation’ (Catinchi 2016) (popular texts) whereby he aims to explain various aspects of the Quran or Islam to a non-​specialist French audience. Of specific significance is Chebel’s foregrounding of a language of Islamic secularism, which I argue can be interpreted as an attempt to transform perceptions of Islam and thus to intervene in the symbolic relationship between the

in Secularism, Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France
Stacey Gutkowski

terminology and the conceptual debates. What does the term ‘ hiloni ’ mean? How do scholars use it? How do people who identify with the term use it? Scholars agree that the terminology of Western secularism does not translate for the Jewish-Israeli case. This is because Jewish tradition, a cornerstone of Jewish identity, is a powerful reference point even for those who think they are not halakhically observant. Before delving into the academic debates about who is hiloni (and who is masorti , a traditional Jew), here is a flavour of how self-identified hilonim

in Religion, war and Israel’s secular millennials
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Laura Schwartz

themselves ‘infidels’ – reclaiming a title initially employed as a term of abuse by their Christian opponents. Such a name implied a refusal of faith and a betrayal of God’s law – acts which Freethinking feminists believed to be essential to ending the subjugation of their sex. 2 For them, religion, particularly Christianity, was the primary cause of women’s oppression. The question of ‘religion’ versus ‘secularism’ and which offers a

in Infidel feminism
Sarah Glynn

in later chapters. General Zia and the Islamic factor The rule of General – later President – Ziaur Rahman gave a new intensity, as well as an added complexity, to secular/religious tensions in Bangladesh and in the probashi community. It also further eroded the already much-crossed line between democratic and military politics. The all too obvious failures of the nation’s first few years had tainted the Awami League’s rhetoric of socialism and secularism, allowing Zia to promote a reactionary turn towards more conservative values, underscored by a populist appeal

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End
Radical religion, secularism and the hymn
Kate Bowan and Paul A. Pickering

ways: most Owenites were in fact Chartists, but not all Chartists were Owenites. As both movements declined many Chartists and Owenites looking for new articulations of radical thought gravitated toward secularism. Consequently, secularism, a more popular branch of freethought, was closely associated with political radicalism and gained a significant working-class membership. Unsurprisingly, many of its key

in Sounds of liberty
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Post-foundational Islam
Nadia Kiwan

20 1 Abdelwahab Meddeb: post-​foundational Islam This chapter examines the published works of Abdelwahab Meddeb.1 Of specific significance is Meddeb’s foregrounding of a language of Islamic secularism, which I  argue can be interpreted as an attempt to transform perceptions of Islam and thus to intervene into the symbolic power relations between the Republican state and France’s Muslim citizens. This chapter also poses questions about the consequences of deploying certain forms of discursive agency for secular Muslim intellectuals. What are the outcomes of

in Secularism, Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France
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Public intellectuals as policy experts in times of crisis
Nadia Kiwan

107 4 Dounia Bouzar: public intellectuals as policy experts in times of crisis The work of Dounia Bouzar and her engagement in the political debates about Muslims in France raises significant questions about the relationship between Islam, secularism and feminism. Bouzar is an anthropologist of religions: a public intellectual, an activist, a public ‘expert’ and a public policy advisor. Bouzar was born in 1964 in Grenoble into an academic family. Her father was of Algerian, Italian and Moroccan origin and her mother was French Corsican. She explains in L

in Secularism, Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France
Bryan Fanning

4147 Inglis–Are the Irish different_BB_Layout 1 29/07/2014 09:26 Page 44 5 A Catholic vision of Ireland Bryan Fanning In his 1911 novel The Dawn of All, Robert Hugh Benson, an English priest who converted to Catholicism (his father had been the Archbishop of Canterbury), imagined a future where most of the world had done the same. The Dawn of All recounts the story of a former priest living in a future atheistic 1973, who regains consciousness in a London hospital, in an England where the Reformation and secularism have been reversed. In this vision, religion

in Are the Irish different?
The doctrine of ‘religion’ in Islam and the idea of ‘rights’ in the West
Hisham A. Hellyer

responsibilities rather than rights. Others argue that the rights discourse ignores responsibilities, in favour of rights. Both assertions are simplistic, and ignore the philosophical systems of both discourses. Another confusion arises around the notion of secularism. In the West, secularism is a subject of great controversy, in terms of what it requires by way of specific policies and legislative tools. The very notion of secularism is alien to the Islamic worldview and has not yet found a sustainable elaboration within it. This is not to say one cannot be found but it would

in Religion and rights
Jonathan Benthall

This review of Michael Cook’s Ancient Religions, Modern Politics: The Islamic case in comparative perspective (Princeton University Press, 2014) and Akeel Bilgrami’s Secularism, Identity, and Enchantment (Harvard University Press, 2014) was published in the Times Literary Supplement on 10 September 2014 under the heading ‘What

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times