The TransAtlantic reconsidered brings together established experts from Atlantic History and Transatlantic Studies – two fields that are closely connected in their historical and disciplinary development as well as with regard to the geographical area of their interest. Questions of methodology and boundaries of periodization tend to separate these research fields. However, in order to understand the Atlantic World and transatlantic relations today, Atlantic History and Transatlantic Studies should be considered together. The scholars represented in this volume have helped to shape, re-shape, and challenge the narrative(s) of the Atlantic World and can thus (re-)evaluate its conceptual basis in view of historiographical developments and contemporary challenges. This volume thus documents and reflects on the changes within Transatlantic Studies during the last decades. New perspectives on research reconceptualize how we think about the Atlantic World. At a time when many political observers perceive a crisis in transatlantic relations, critical evaluation of past narratives and frameworks will provide an academic foundation to move forward.
This book addresses the special relationship from the perspective of post-Second World War British governments. It argues that Britain's foreign policy challenges the dominant idea that its power has been waning and that it sees itself as the junior partner to the hegemonic US. The book also shows how at moments of international crisis successive British governments have attempted to re-play the same foreign policy role within the special relationship. It discusses the power of a profoundly antagonistic relationship between Mark Twain and Walter Scott. The book demonstrates Stowe's mis-reading and mis-representation of the Highland Clearances. It explains how Our Nig, the work of a Northern free black, also provides a working-class portrait of New England farm life, removed from the frontier that dominates accounts of American agrarian life. Telegraphy - which transformed transatlantic relations in the middle of the century- was used by spiritualists as a metaphor for the ways in which communications from the other world could be understood. The story of the Bolton Whitman Fellowship is discussed. Beside Sarah Orne Jewett's desk was a small copy of the well-known Raeburn portrait of Sir Walter Scott. Henry James and George Eliot shared a transatlantic literary network which embodied an easy flow of mutual interest and appreciation between their two milieux. In her autobiography, Gertrude Stein assigns to her lifelong companion the repeated comment that she has met three geniuses in her life: Stein, Picasso, and Alfred North Whitehead.
Susanne Lachenicht, Charlotte A. Lerg, and Michael Kimmage
these developments ‘marked a watershed in transatlanticrelations’. 1 Some scholars have since argued for ‘a new and constructive Transatlantic Bargain for the twenty-first-century’. 2
Against this background and as we consign the twentieth century to history (chapter 2), 3 while major shifts ripple through global politics, how do we as academics assess the Atlantic World? It is time to critically reconsider the concept of the Atlantic World and the field of Transatlantic Studies.
The birth of a
In considering the future of transatlanticrelations and “defense of the West,” it is important to take into account not only the external threats that NATO and the EU will face but also the internal challenges confronting Western nations, which will affect their ability to deal effectively with those external threats. This chapter inventories the external threats and the internal challenges, while examining the interactive dynamic between the two categories and discussing the circumstances under which NATO and EU member states may, or may not, be successful in
on the use of force within the changing context of transatlanticrelations.
The changing contours of transatlanticrelations
The change in German security thinking at the beginning of the twentyﬁrst century took place within an already evolving context of
transatlanticrelations. Developments on both sides of the Atlantic in
the ﬁeld of foreign and security policy were setting out quite diﬀerent
European and American agendas and perspectives on the use of force
in international politics in the 1990s. Two processes stand out here as
illustrative of the nature of
within 60 days for at least one year. In December 2002, NATO and the EU negotiated a set of agreements, called ‘Berlin Plus’, to govern the sharing of assets between the EU and NATO for crisis management and peacekeeping operations.
The events of 9/11 were to have lasting effects on transatlanticrelations. The George W. Bush administration was quickly at odds with its European allies on issues such as missile defense, climate change, and relations with Russia and the Balkans (Peterson and Pollack 2003 , 85–98). The Anglo-American attack on Iraq in 2003 was
Alternatively, it could find itself pushed back into Washington’s
arms, particularly were Iran to emerge as a (WMD-armed) rival to Turkey
for influence and control in Iraq. Turkish external policy could
incorporate elements of each of these options.
Transatlanticrelations and Ankara’s
The security implications of EU
enlargement to include Turkey also hinge on the future of
are concerned with parallelisms: two writers
working on similar ideas, divided by a nation and an ocean. A key question that runs through the collection is what a focus on transatlanticrelations can bring to our understanding of literary production and ideas of
authorship and of national characteristics. Many of the contributors to
the volume have opted to investigate these issues by examining speciﬁc
relationships between two writers, one American, one British. The result
of this is to produce a model of literary inﬂuence that operates at a close
? The belt and road initiative and international order ”, International Affairs
94 ( 2 ), 231–49 .
Peterson . J.
( 2016 ). “ Introduction: where things stand and what happens next ”, in Alcaro , R. , Peterson , J. and Greco , E. (eds), The West and the Global Power Shift: TransatlanticRelations and Global Governance. London : Springer
Two key developments in the late 2000s played a major role in shaping the opening of the next decade in transatlanticrelations. One of those developments was the 2008 election of Barak Obama to replace George W. Bush as president of the United States. The second development was the descent of the Western economic system into the worst decline since the great depression of the 1930s.
Barack Obama entered the White House in January 2009 pledging to end the combat roles of the United States in both Iraq and Afghanistan and to pursue a less interventionist