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During the Second World War, over 9,000 men from several colonies, protectorates and mandate territories fought for the British Empire. These forces represented a significant shift in naval policy towards the recruitment of colonial manpower at a time of distinct pressures on British imperialism. This book examines the impact of colonial naval forces, by analyzing the 'official' and 'subaltern' sources in the United Kingdom, the Caribbean, East Africa, Southeast Asia and Hong Kong. The Trinidad Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (TRNVR) was formed to defend the island's oil supply to British oil-fired ships. The book also looks at the experience of the Cayman Islanders who volunteered to serve in the TRNVR. An East African case study focuses on Kenya and Zanzibar before and after the Second World War. The Kenya Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (KRNVR) was the first colonial naval force in the British Empire; local naval forces were also formed in Zanzibar and Tanganyika. In the analysis of Southeast Asia and the Malacca Straits, the book discusses, inter alia, origins of Malaya's naval forces, and analyses the issues of force expansion and 'Malaysianisation' during the Malayan Emergency and decolonisation. There was an initial reluctance on the Navy to recruit the Chinese, but with their overwhelming majority in Hong Kong, their enlistment in the Hong Kong Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (HKRNVR) was unavoidable. The post-war evolution of Hong Kong's naval force as it adjusted to the roles of Communist China's emergence and Britain's declining world are also examined.

Colonial policing and the imperial endgame 1945–80

The Colonial Police Service was created in 1936 in order to standardise all imperial police forces and mould colonial policing to the British model. This book is the first comprehensive study of the colonial police and their complex role within Britain's long and turbulent process of decolonisation, a time characterised by political upheaval and colonial conflict. The emphasis is on policing conflict rather than the application of British law and crime-fighting in an imperial context. The overlapping between the Irish-colonial and Metropolitan-English policing models was noticeable throughout the British Empire. The policing of Canada where English and Irish styles of policing intermingled, in particular after 1867 when Canada became a nation in its own right with the passage of the British North America Act. Inadequate provisions for the localisation of gazetted officers within most colonies prior to independence led to many expatriates being asked to remain in situ. Post-war reform included the development of police special branches, responsible for both internal and external security. From the British Caribbean to the Middle East, the Mediterranean to British Colonial Africa and on to Southeast Asia, colonial police forces struggled with the unrest and conflict that stemmed from Britain's withdrawal from its empire. A considerable number of them never returned to Britain, settling predominantly in Kenya, South Africa, Australia and Canada. Policing the immediate postcolonial state relied on traditional colonial methods. The case of the Sierra Leone Police is revealing in a contemporary context.

Douglas J. Hamilton

, the uneven implementation of the rights of Britons and Wilkesite English resentment of Scottish success. Scots were drawn to the Caribbean in disproportionately high numbers during this period, and especially after 1763. This chapter considers the manner in which social, economic and political developments in Scotland in the second half of the eighteenth century affected the ways in which Scots engaged

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820
Abstract only
Brian Stoddart

affiliated challenge to tradition, encapsulate the social evolution of cricket in the Caribbean. 1 From its beginnings in semi-organised form through its unfolding into a contemporary internationalised structure, Caribbean cricket has both marked and been marked by a tight affiliation with complex social processing in the islands and states which make up the West Indies. 2 For that very reason, of all

in The imperial game
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Caribbean beauty competitions in context
Rochelle Rowe

Introduction – Caribbean beauty competitions in context In 1949, the Caribbean Post, the brainchild of Jamaican feminist publisher Aimee Webster, announced the arrival of a new type of West Indian woman through its coverage of the pre-eminent beauty contest of British Honduras ‘Queen of the Bay’: This year’s ‘Queen of the Bay’ is the true type of evolving West Indian womanhood. Young, she is just eighteen, attractive with a tanned olive complexion, dark wavy hair, and bright black eyes; she has a flashing smile. And her queenly bearing is so characteristic of

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood
Douglas J. Hamilton

One of the defining characteristics of Scottish residency in the Caribbean was its transience. It is clear that many Scots went to the West Indies with the intention of making money and then leaving as soon as possible. Alexander Baillie of Dochfour noted shortly after his arrival in Nevis in 1752 that ‘great Numbers … from all nations resort hither, from a very mistaken

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820
Black Power and the transformation of the Caribbean Artists Movement
Rob Waters

In the summer of 1968, the Caribbean Artists Movement, a literaryartistic collective of Caribbean writers, artists and critics in Britain dedicated to defining a Caribbean aesthetic, fell into crisis. The moment itself is significant. In Britain, the rise of a new popular politics of race had broken apart traditional political affiliations and

in Cultures of decolonisation
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Douglas J. Hamilton

in the Caribbean, and, as this book shows, thousands actually went. There were a number of reasons why they did so: Burns, for example, wrote odes of farewell to Mary Campbell and at least two other women. More prosaic explanations were outlined forcefully by James Baillie from Inverness, who became an influential West India merchant, planter and politician: ‘I am astonished that any Person can think of Injuring

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820
Open Access (free)
West Indian intellectual
Helen Carr

returning only once for a visit to her birthplace, should she be considered a West Indian writer at all? After all, three of her first four novels, and many of her short stories, are placed in Europe, and have heroines with no apparent knowledge of the Caribbean. Yet her situation has in fact some striking similarities to that of her fellow colonial, Beckett, also born a member of an affluent, ethnically

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Money, power and the Adventurers for Irish land during the British Civil Wars
Author: David Brown

This book is about the transformation of England’s trade and government finances in the mid-seventeenth century, a revolution that destroyed Ireland. During the English Civil War a small group of merchants quickly achieved an iron grip over England’s trade, dictated key policies for Ireland and the colonies, and financed parliament’s war against Charles I. These merchants were the Adventurers for Irish land, who, in 1642, raised £250,000 to send a conquering army to Ireland but sent it instead to fight for parliament in England. The Adventurers elected a committee to represent their interests that met in secret at Grocers’ Hall in London, 1642–60. During that time, while amassing enormous wealth and power, the Adventurers laid the foundations for England’s empire and modern fiscal state. Although they supported Cromwell’s military campaigns, the leading Adventurers rejected his Protectorate in a dispute over their Irish land entitlements and eventually helped to restore the monarchy. Charles II rewarded the Adventurers with one million confiscated Irish acres, despite their role in deposing his father. This book explains this great paradox in Irish history for the first time and examines the background and relentless rise of the Adventurers, the remarkable scope of their trading empires and their profound political influence. It is the first book to recognise the centrality of Ireland to the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.