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Catherine Baker

the USA; instead, active translations of US biological and cultural racial thinking were already forming interpretive frames in Bulgaria for white Bulgarians' perceptions of Roma (Todorova 2006 : 6–7). Bulgarian Communists also worked Stalinist notions of racialised differentials in modernity, then Cold War state socialist views of race, culture and development, into their racial formations. These translations of racialisation and whiteness thus did not only reach Bulgarians on migrating to the USA, as mainstream US labour/migration histories would suggest, nor did

in Race and the Yugoslav region
On the relation between law, politics, and other social systems in modern societies
Darrow Schecter

logic of the processes structuring the unfolding of FD in the period from the Industrial Revolution until 1945, or from 1945 to the end of the Cold War in 1989. There is certainly no single categorisation capable of accurately capturing the predominant logic defining the period from 1989 until today: neoliberalism, globalisation, bio-​political governance, modernisation, transnational constitutionalism, and the like only describe part of the story. Moreover, in the absence of an overarching legal-​ political form to unify state and civil society, the applicability of

in Critical theory and sociological theory
Abstract only
Once more, with feeling
Simon Mussell

conceptualize and experience objects. As a result, a key distinction is drawn between today’s avowedly post-​critical, non-​humanist ontologists on one side, and the critical proto-​humanism that motivates the early Frankfurt School on the other. Chapter 4 explores the affective politics of hope. I begin by surveying the ways in which historical events and their narrativization –​both on the right and on the left –​have (re)produced certain ideological positions and affective dispositions. The post-​Cold War triumphalism of many on the right, accompanied by claims of the ‘end

in Critical theory and feeling
On social systems and societal constitutions
Darrow Schecter

, see Thomas D. Zweifel, International Organizations and Democracy:  Accountability, Politics, and Power (London: Lynne Rienner, 2006) and Grimm, Die Zukunft der Verfassung II, pp. 330–​ 42. For a brilliant discussion of the contradictory imperatives facing states since the end of the Cold War, see Udo Di Fabio, Der Verfassungsstaat in der Weltgesellschaft (Tübingen:  Mohr Siebeck, 2001), pp. 50–​ 6 and pp. 129–​ 30, and Helmut Willke, Ironie des Staates:  Grundlinien einer Staatstheorie polyzentrischer Gesellschaft (Frankfurt:  Suhrkamp, 1992), ­chapter  4. Willke

in Critical theory and sociological theory
Memory, leadership, and the fi rst phase of integration (1945– 58)
Peter J. Verovšek

–6, but the real political battle over the format of European cooperation only emerged with the outbreak of the cold war.’ 5 Building a union of European peoples based on community institutions with autonomous decision-making powers was not the only solution to Europe’s problems after the Second World War. Both the traditional approach of dismembering Germany and a confederal model, which sought to weave Germany into the fabric of international society through intergovernmental institutions like the interwar League of Nations, had greater historical precedence and

in Memory and the future of Europe
Peter J. Verovšek

postwar era sought to uncover the complicity of their parents and grandparents in the sufferings and atrocities of totalitarianism. The growing interest in collective remembrance that accompanied the fall of the dictatorships in Spain, Portugal, and Greece in the 1970s and 1980s was given further impetus by the events of 1989 and ‘the resurfacing of suppressed national concerns among subjugated European peoples on both sides of the Iron Curtain,’ which allowed issues of collective memory that had been repressed by the bipolar narrative of the Cold War to re-emerge. 3

in Memory and the future of Europe
Philip Nanton

from the career of each man. Mitchell’s travel in Europe in the early 1960s contributed to creating a Cold War warrior with outspoken, anti-communist liberal political views. For example, when he was in office he was happy to be identified as ‘one of the sensible ones’ by Margaret Thatcher when he was invited to Britain on an official visit. He reminds his readers regularly that he rubs shoulders

in Frontiers of the Caribbean
Abstract only
The ‘explosive charge’ of critical theory
Neal Harris

imperatives which inculcate widespread psycho-pathologies, such as alienation or clinical anxiety (as discussed by Erich Fromm, see Chapter 6 ), Have self-perpetuating negative dynamics, such as being involved in a cold-war nuclear arms race (see Chapter 6 ), Have socialisation structures which encourage subjects to spend

in Critical theory and social pathology
Abstract only
Allyn Fives

2012 , p. 260); or indeed it is a Cold War ‘anti-utopianism’ arising from her opposition to ‘ideological extremism’ (Thaler 2017 , p. 6). It is an example of ‘negative morality’, in that it does ‘not add up to a moral system or decision procedure’, and instead tells us merely ‘what to think about’ rather than ‘what to think’ (Misra 2016 , p. 86), and, in this light, it inspires Williams's ‘realist’ political theory (Sagar 2016 , p. 381). Although not a perfect consensus, there does seem to be broad agreement that her scepticism stands opposed

in Judith Shklar and the liberalism of fear
Stephen Hobden

contradictions would be constantly worked out until the ‘end of history’ was reached. That the contradictions had been worked out and that the most perfect form of society was the Western liberal one was central to Fukuyama's ( 1989 ) resurrection of the notion of ‘the end of history’ at the end of the Cold War. Western thought is littered with ideas of stages of history, whether they be Marxist, moving through various modes of production until classless communism is achieved or Rostow's modernisation theory whereby countries move through various phases of economic development

in Critical theory and international relations