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Developmental democracy
Kirsten Haack

The idea that democracy encompasses more than processes and structures has been expressed by the UN and its Secretaries-General on several occasions. However, while the three visions of democracy explored thus far – civilisation, elections, governance – have all found expression at the UN in both ideational and practice form, democracy as governance did mark a conceptual and practical endpoint for the UN democracy agenda. This chapter then takes a different turn and looks towards the future, analysing the shape a UN democracy agenda

in The United Nations democracy agenda
Kirsten Haack

The ‘internationalisation’ of democracy continued apace through the 1990s. Fukuyama’s claim that liberalism, and with it democracy, had prevailed over other ideologies appeared to come true as democracy became a major force in the new world order. Now with the support of the UN and UN missions as a broad platform for implementation, democracy became a cornerstone of what the UN did and how it expected to solve the problems it faced. The institutionalisation of an election-focussed democracy practice had been determined not only by

in The United Nations democracy agenda
Who, we?
Catherine Kellogg

5302P Democracy MUP-PT/lb.qxd 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 12 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 42111 23/10/09 16:09 Page 179 8 The ends of democracy: who, we? Catherine Kellogg Jacques Derrida first delivered his essay ‘The ends of man’ (1982) at a colloquium in New York in October 1968 on the proposed theme of ‘Philosophy and anthropology’. This text, written in the shadow of an ‘American’ war on Vietnam, the uprisings in Paris, and general political unrest in the West, begins by meditating on what he calls

in Democracy in crisis
A conceptual history
Author: Kirsten Haack

This book provides a critical, conceptual-historical analysis of democracy at the United Nations, detailed in four ‘visions’ of democracy: civilization, elections, governance and developmental democracy. ‘I know it when I see it’ were the famous words of US Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart on defining obscenity. It is with the same conviction and (un)certainty that liberal peacebuilders and democracy promoters have used democracy to achieve both the immediate goals of peacekeeping and the broader, global mission of the UN. Today, democracy may have gained an international dimension, yet its success as an organizational practice depends on how it has been defined. Drawing on political theory and democratization scholarship, the book questions the meaning of this well-‘known’ idea. It analyses the way in which the UN, through its Secretary-General, relevant agencies and organizational practices, have thought about, conceptualized and used democracy. The book shows that while the idea of democracy's ‘civilizing’ nature has played a prominent part in its use by the UN, an early focus on sovereignty and self-determination delayed the emergence of the democracy agenda until the 1990s. Today, a comprehensive democracy agenda incorporates not only elections but a broad range of liberal-democratic institutions. Despite this, the agenda is at an impasse, both practically and philosophically. The book questions whether an extension of the UN democracy agenda to include ‘developmental democracy’ is feasible.

Rita Kaur Dhamoon

5302P Democracy MUP-PT/lb.qxd 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 12 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 42111 23/10/09 16:09 Page 241 11 Democracy, accountability and disruption Rita Kaur Dhamoon Over recent decades, there has been a proliferation of literature in contemporary political theory on the relationship between diversity, especially cultural diversity, and democracy. A wide range of theorists have developed and defended various models of democracy (e.g. dialogical, deliberative, communicative, representative or

in Democracy in crisis
Kirsten Haack

As the previous chapter showed, the role and place of democracy have always been expressions of its time and the historic, systemic constraints placed upon it. To understand the limitations of democracy in today’s international dimension, be that a ‘right to democratic governance’ or the promotion of democratic statehood through international organisations such as the UN, is to understand the limitations it faced in its historical development. As the UN is as much a result of its historical context and changes as it is a vehicle for them

in The United Nations democracy agenda
Tony Fitzpatrick

point in mind we can proceed to a brief overview of Bauman’s account of globalisation, since Bauman captures very succinctly TZP3 4/25/2005 54 4:51 PM Page 54 After the new social democracy the kind of social and spatial polarities that are crucial to understanding the security state and so to understanding recent developments in the US and UK. I will be assuming that globalisation is an economic, political and social reality, but one that can accommodate a much wider range of ideological trajectories than those proposed by conservatives and new social

in After the new social democracy
Renovation or resignation?

This book makes an important contribution to the existing literature on European social democracy in the wake of the 2008 financial crash and ensuing recession. It considers ways in which European social democratic parties at both the national and European level have responded to the global economic crisis (GEC). The book also considers the extent to which the authors might envisage alternatives to the neo-liberal consensus being successfully promoted by those parties within the European Union (EU). The book first explores some of the broader thematic issues underpinning questions of the political economy of social democracy during the GEC. Then, it addresses some of the social democratic party responses that have been witnessed at the level of the nation state across Europe. The book focuses in particular on some of the countries with the longest tradition of social democratic and centre-left party politics, and therefore focuses on western and southern Europe. In contrast to the proclaimed social democratic (and especially Party of European Socialists) ambitions, the outcomes witnessed at the EU level have been less promising for those seeking a supranational re-social democratization. In order to understand the EU-level response of social democratic party actors to the Great Recession, the book situates social democratic parties historically. In the case of the British Labour Party, it also identifies the absence of ideological alternatives to the 'there is no alternative' (TINA)-logic that prevailed under the leadership of both Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.

Thomas Prosser

national hatred, insatiable greed and vindictive envy. (Leszek Kołakowski) 1 Having evaluated four worldviews, one remains: social democracy. This position seeks compromise between capitalism and socialism, advocating democratic collective action to achieve political and economic freedoms. In the second half of the nineteenth century, pioneers such as Eduard Bernstein rejected efforts to overthrow capitalism by revolution, arguing for a gradualist approach. 2 Following the end of the Second World War, social-democratic parties assumed power in European countries

in What’s in it for me?
Towards apolitics of com-passion
Dorota Glowacka

5302P Democracy MUP-PT/lb.qxd 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 12 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 42111 23/10/09 16:09 Page 199 9 From fear to democracy: towards a politics of com-passion Dorota Glowacka Majority does not mean large number, it means great fear. Jean-François Lyotard (1924–98) So love may well be called the perpetual bond (nodus) and juncture (copula) of the world. Marsilio Ficino (1433–99) The affective pitfalls of democracy In her influential work The democratic paradox (2000), the French theorist

in Democracy in crisis