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Practice and policy lessons from Northern Ireland and the Border Counties
Author: Sandra Buchanan

Transforming Conflict examines lessons learned from the Northern Ireland and Border Counties conflict transformation process through social and economic development and their consequent impacts and implications for practice and policymaking, with a range of functional recommendations produced for other regions emerging from and seeking to transform violent conflict. It provides, for the first time, a comprehensive assessment of the region’s transformation activity, largely amongst grassroots actors, enabled by a number of specific funding programmes, namely the International Fund for Ireland, Peace I and II and INTERREG I, II and IIIA. These programmes have facilitated conflict transformation over more than two decades, presenting a case ripe for lesson sharing. In focusing on the politics of the socioeconomic activities that underpinned the elite negotiations of the peace process, key theoretical transformation concepts are firstly explored, followed by an examination of the social and economic context of Northern Ireland and the Border Counties. The three programmes and their impacts are then assessed before considering what policy lessons can be learned and what recommendations can be made for practice. This is underpinned by a range of semi-structured interviews and the author’s own experience as a project promoter through these programmes in the Border Counties for more than a decade.

The Trade Justice Movement
Stephen R. Hurt

With the rise of neoliberal thinking during the 1980s and the associated preference for export-oriented development strategies, trade liberalisation became a firmly established orthodoxy within policy elites. The idea of ‘special and differential’ treatment for developing countries, within the rules of global trade, came under increasing pressure as a result. In the context of UK policy towards Africa, this is a view that was entrenched during the period that followed the end of the Cold War. As Williams noted, ‘both the Conservative and

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
Bernadette Connaughton

policy illustrates efforts to encourage convergent standards and strengthen national regulation among member states. The ultimate success of this policy area, however, is reliant on effective implementation and compliance within the member states. The chapter illustrates that EU environmental policy has made a greater mark on member state policy than politics and polity and that this inhibits its transformative capacity. The discussion commences with a commentary on international and EU developments in the environmental policy sphere which

in The implementation of environmental policy in Ireland
Ross M. English

1 Origins and development of Congress All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. (The Constitution of the United States of America, Article 1, Section 1) The origins of the Constitution In 1787, when the Founding Fathers of the United States of America crafted the Constitution – a Constitution which still endures today – they chose for the very first article, not the institution of the President or the Supreme Court, but the US Congress. The

in The United States Congress
Jan Broadway

Chapter 3 . The development of regional networks I n his description of the decline of the Elizabethan Society of Antiquaries, Sir Henry Spelman referred to ‘many of the chief Supporters hereof either dying or withdrawing themselves from London into the Country’.1 Despite the importance of contacts on a national level for individual local historians, it was within the regions that the shape and content of local history was forged. These were works that grew out of the gentry society in which their authors lived; they described a largely idealised and

in ‘No historie so meete’
Brave new world or plus ça change?
Tim Markham

3681 The Politics of war reporting.qxd:Layout 1 28/9/11 11:14 Page 134 7 New developments in the field: brave new world or plus ça change? Bourdieusian phenomenology is sometimes accused of being flatly deterministic (e.g. Eckstein, 1988; Minogue, 1992; Garnham, 1993; Bohman, 1997; Sayer, 1999; Noble and Watkins, 2003). Bourdieu in particular tends to work from the assumption that the structures of any field are naturally geared towards maintaining the status quo. The durable, transposable dispositions of habitus structure practice through instinctive

in The politics of war reporting
Neil McNaughton

The development Issues concerningofwomen European integration The development of European integration 191 13 ➤ Review of the progress towards greater integration in Europe since the 1950s ➤ An identification of the key stages in integration ➤ Explanations of the different forms of integration which have emerged ➤ The main issues concerning integration ➤ Speculation concerning the future course of integration POST-WAR EUROPE After two world wars, both of which devastated European industry and threatened permanently to sour relations between its states, Europe

in Understanding British and European political issues
Anthony Musson and Edward Powell

problems of local justice was found in the development of the county circuits of assize and gaol delivery. Groups of commissioners hearing actions concerning landownership and property right (the petty or possessory assizes) and trying prisoners charged with felony held in royal (and privately owned) gaols had been sent into the provinces since Henry III’s reign supplementing the responsibility of the eyre for

in Crime, Law and Society in the Later Middle Ages
Harry Blutstein

8 Accelerated development ‘Well, in our country,’ said Alice, still panting a little, ‘you’d generally get to somewhere else­– ­if you run very fast for a long time, as we’ve been doing.’ ‘A slow sort of country!’ said the Queen. ‘Now, here, you see, it takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place. If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!’ (Lewis Carroll, Alice through the Looking Glass) Whiz kid On 30 September 1980, after announcing his retirement from the World Bank, Robert McNamara borrowed a quote from

in The ascent of globalisation
Abstract only
Sue Wheatcroft

1 PREWAR DEVELOPMENTS Special education By 1939 disabled children had, for the purpose of determining their educational requirements, been divided into five official categories which were used by the evacuation authorities when arranging suitable accommodation in ‘safe’ areas. Before we discuss these evacuation arrangements, a clarification of each group of children should be made, along with a brief history of each category.1 The five groups were: • Blind • Deaf • Physically Defective (PD) • Epileptic • Mentally Defective (MD) The blind and the deaf Out of

in Worth saving