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A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
Anna Skeels

portfolio, in 2011 we funded a body of early-stage innovations across multiple technical humanitarian sectors and problem areas. With the humanitarian innovation agenda relatively immature, it was necessary to put money into the system to foster creativity, generate promising ideas and gain momentum. This led to a wide and dispersed portfolio. Now, at the time of writing in 2019, working closely with sector experts, strategic partners and the humanitarian innovation community, our funding is deliberately and purposively aligned to our key thematic areas of focus – water

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

to critically analyse the reports identified. The expert-driven process of synthesis allowed for those reports with more rigorous methodologies to be emphasised over those with questionable methodologies and/or that did not collect primary data. Regarding the second limitation, this presents a methodological challenge for research using evaluation reports. The following section outlines the experimental methods utilised in this article, particularly in identifying evaluation reports, which highlights the difficulties of obtaining reports in a systematic fashion

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Myfanwy James, Joseph Grace Kasereka, and Shelley Lees

2021 ). Mahamba , F. , Kelland , K. and Ross , A. ( 2019 ), ‘ Deployment of Second Ebola Vaccine Would Not Be Quick Fix, Experts Warn ’, Reuters , 25 July ,

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

documentary series How Buildings Learn ( Brand, 1994 ). The problem with architecture, Brand suggested, was it is so often driven by the grand visions of an expert designer, who focus on producing finished blueprints and plans that are not open to adaptation or truly responsive to the needs of inhabitants. A similar line of argument also emerged in the work of John Turner (1972) , who advocated the importance of placing dwellers in control, rejecting the top-down tendency

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Positioning, Politics and Pertinence
Natalie Roberts

expressed support for doctors dissatisfied with the quality of care that the organisation had to offer, publicly commented: ‘We’re going to get a lot of people who haven’t treated a patient who are now the world experts, and who are going to give us lessons’ ( Check Hayden, 2015 ). The general belief inside and outside the organisation was that MSF’s intervention in West Africa had been an overwhelming success. The Equateur

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

a completely independent and influence-free environment is unrealistic. Far more practical is the search for better methods to manage the politics, rather than trying to erase them altogether. Expert analysts in food security and nutrition are not necessarily equipped to also manage political tensions. Higher-level leadership within the humanitarian community must provide the space for technical experts to do their job. In other words, political tensions with government

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

looming environmental disasters. Domestically, the liberal social contract is coming apart in many Western states as the coalition of those who have not benefited from the decades of wealth accumulation after 1979 turns to populist politicians and looks for scapegoats, with experts, immigrants and Muslims seen as prime targets. The commitment to liberal institutions that create limits to the scope of political competition – rights, the rule of law, freedom of the press – and to the basic level of respect due to all persons, be they citizens or refugees

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo, Elena Estrada Cocina, Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert, Raquel González Juarez, and Ana Garcia Mingo

doctors and nurses, mental health professionals and logistics experts. Seven MSF teams directly supported 486 care homes from 19 March to 22 May 2020 in nine out of seventeen different Spanish regions. On 19 March, as requested by the advisory board of one of the leading care home associations in Spain (representing private and government-sponsored structures), mobile teams were deployed to some of the most affected care homes in Catalonia. Our intervention then

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino and Birthe Anders

creating a questionnaire designed to understand humanitarian agencies’ experience with civil–military coordination during the international response to Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines. Sixty-four completed surveys provided insights into challenges in coordination and cooperation in that response and informed a first IF draft. This draft was consulted on in a multi-sector, multi-disciplinary review by a group of experts representing the UN, international NGOs, academics and military staff familiar with humanitarian missions. Consultations were conducted simultaneously

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Visual Politics and Narratives of Red Cross Museums in Europe and the United States, 1920s to 2010s
Sönke Kunkel

: 5–10). Changing understandings of museum work and its place in society fed further into such processes of rethinking. Long the embodiment of elite institutions, by the 1970s, US and European museums opened up to broader segments of society, stressed accessibility and the importance of social learning as new principles, professionalized their staff by hiring designers and PR experts, and started to see a record growth in visitor numbers that recast them as influential

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs