litmus test for reciprocal admiration of ‘opposing’ groups
was Ware’s relationship with key figures in GaelicIreland. The existence
of these important nationwide contacts has already been established,
but his association with the distinguished Gaelic scholar Dubhaltach
Mac Fhirbhisigh from Sligo merits particular attention. After returning to Dublin following the collapse of the Cromwellian regime, Ware
immediately immersed himself in Irish sources in an effort to complete
various projects which had been interrupted during the Interregnum.
62 Cunningham and Gillespie
Raleigh’s ‘Ocean to Scinthia’, Spenser’s ‘Colin Clouts Come Home Againe’ and The Faerie Queene IV.vii in colonial context
102 Quinn, Raleigh, 155; on Raleigh’s Irish smelting industry, see Canny, ‘Raleigh’s’, 95.
103 Kenneth Nicholls, ‘Woodland Cover in Pre-Modern Ireland’, in GaelicIreland: Land,
Lordship and Settlement c.1250–c.1650, ed. Patrick J. Duffy, David Edwards, and Elizabeth Fitzpatrick (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2001), 181–206: 199.
speaker. Summer otium turns forest of Error redolent of his colonial situation in Spenser’s poetry.104
A second material fixation of the poem is terrestrial and mineral