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Sarah Roddy

7 Roddy_Population_Printer.indd 7 15/09/2014 11:47 Introduction emigration for the increasingly fractious relationship between Protestant and Catholic in Ireland are likely to have promoted considerable comment. If historians of Irish emigration therefore have an incomplete understanding of the Irish churches’ engagement with the matter, what of religious historians’ grasp on migration? The most prolific and influential historian of nineteenth-century Irish Catholicism, Emmet Larkin, has recognised the significance of emigration to the church in two discrete

in Population, providence and empire
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Sexuality, Catholicism and modernisation in Ireland, 1940–65
Michael G. Cronin

of self-cultivation and the achievement of self-fulfilment through marriage, could actually underwrite the objective of a dynamic but stable social order. In short, promoting and cultivating self-realisation replaced the imposition of collective regulation as the ideal route to the same goal. Historically, we can locate this transition within Irish Catholicism at the nexus of two related crises of modernity – one that was taking place within Western capitalism generally, and one that was more specific to Ireland. The seismic dislocations, instability and political

in Impure thoughts
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Cara Delay

leaders in education and philanthropy. As this book has argued, Catholicism was not a uniformly oppressive and disempowering force for lay women, and it was not dominated exclusively by the male hierarchy. Through an examination of Irish Catholic lay women’s lives and actions from the famine era to the middle of the twentieth century, this book set out to illuminate a topic that has been virtually ignored in the historiography not only of Irish Catholicism but also of Irish women’s history. It also sought to disrupt the overly simplistic interpretations of Irish

in Irish women and the creation of modern Catholicism, 1850–1950
The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger Years
Eamon Maher

1 Crisis, what crisis? The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger years Eamon Maher Any book purporting to offer a socio-­cultural critique of the Celtic Tiger cannot fail to deal with the thorny issue of Irish Catholicism. There is a commonly held belief that the Celtic Tiger hastened a wave of aggressive secularism that proved fatal to the hallowed status of organized religion in Ireland, and particularly to the majority faith, Roman Catholicism. However, such a perspective fails to recognize the steady decline in vocations to the priesthood from the beginning

in From prosperity to austerity
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Oliver P. Rafferty

Tridentine reform was the Jesuit order, the Society of Jesus. Almost at the beginning of its existence the Jesuits had become involved in the affairs of Ireland and although the 1542 mission to the country, which lasted only one month, gave a bleak assessment of the state of Introduction 7 Catholicism, nevertheless Ireland would become an important centre for Jesuit activity, even though for a ten-year period (1585–95) the Jesuits were absent from the country. Their activity and role in shaping the religious identity of Irish Catholicism in the late sixteenth and

in Irish Catholic identities
Cara Diver

behaviour – the rise in illegitimate births, couples’ increased willingness to use contraception, and the growing popularity of co-habitation before marriage – pointed to a drift away from the tenets of the Church.26 Although the Catholic Church remained immensely influential in the mid-twentieth century, some scholars trace the stirrings of change to the 1950s. In her study of Irish Catholicism in the latter half of the twentieth century, Louise Fuller argues that Irish intellectuals, given a voice in the magazine The Furrow, began to perceive the Church as

in Marital violence in post-independence Ireland, 1922–96
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Street photography, humanism and the loss of innocence
Justin Carville

benign feature of Irish society. Street photography and social critique The representation of Irish Catholicism in Lange’s humanist documentary photographs presented the viewer not only with an opportunity to see how faith was enmeshed in the social fabric of familial and communal relations but also to feel it. Cold War documentary humanism was, after all, a ‘way of feeling the world directly’ as well as knowing it (Sekula 1981: 21). In this context, it is important to see this particular example of the global representation of Irish religiosity through the prism of

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
Catherine Maignant

Catholicism, the majority religion in Ireland, this particularly impacted on obedience, as is evidenced by the contrast between the proportion of people who identify as Catholics and those who trust the Church and respect its moral dictates. The pick and choose or à la carte attitude has become the norm, particularly in the area of tolerance and sexual morality. The sacralization of the body, and the ‘feel-­good’ ideal, have replaced the shame and guilt which were the trademark of Irish Catholicism since the nineteenth century. Self-­denial has been replaced by self

in From prosperity to austerity
Eamon Darcy

recognised the existence of divergent views on Irish Catholic politics and attempted to paper over these significant divisions. From the beginning attempts were made to integrate political factions into the confederate fold. The first pronouncements of the General Assembly capture contemporary fears over the deep divisions within Irish Catholicism that threatened confederate unity and stressed how these politics were shaped by ethnicity.28 Order 14 called for the ‘avoiding of national distinction’ between Irish, Old English, Welsh, English and Scottish Catholics on the

in Ireland in crisis
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Omen of a post-republic: the demon child of neoliberalism
Kieran Keohane and Carmen Kuhling

thoroughly corrupt, so much so that, like Irish Catholicism, it seems to many commentators to be a force that has spent itself. And Community, the dense web of local and extended-familial reciprocal exchanges and mutual connections, shared knowledges, meanings and traditions, a holistic and wholesome taken-forgranted familiar Irish lifeworld – that all of that too has been breaking down by the individualizing and estranging experiences of accelerated modernization. Though perhaps it may turn out that rumours of their deaths have been exaggerated, it is difficult to argue

in The domestic, moral and political economies of post-Celtic Tiger Ireland