Film (New York: Knopf).
Wonderfully eloquent, learned and suggestive dialogues. Drawing upon his work on such films as Apocalypse Now (1979) and The English Patient (1996), Murch, prompted subtly by Ondaatje, teases out the aesthetics of picture and soundediting.
Orpen, Valerie (2002), Film Editing: The Art of the Expressive (London: Wallflower).
Good starting point: lacks Fairservice’s substantial historical detail, but clear, concise and featuring helpful case studies.
Rohdie, Sam (2006), Montage (Manchester: Manchester
Stoker’s Dracula (1992) with its often vertiginous,
swirling camerawork was created with a computercontrolled montage
editing system; it was one of the first Gothic horror films to be cut
and sound-edited on video by computers. Coppola also supplied a montage
of visual effects and sly cinematic references: the human arms holding
flickering lights in Dracula’s castle are culled from Jean
abruptly cut midway through as two armed policemen force themselves into the room to take Ángel away for questioning. In a final defiance of his virility, Ángel continues to have sex until he orgasms before answering back to one of the police officers, who then hits him with his gun. In coinciding with the eruption of police brutality, the suddenness to the cut of the song – a crude soundediting technique which has been used instead of fading the music out more gradually – points to the violently enforced silencing of the delinquent. In both its presence and then blunt
Similarly, while deconstruction provides a number of ways in which we might
make sense of Birdman’s audible soundediting, as a conceptual
mode it has no way of engaging with the visceral, affective shocks produced
by the film’s sonic construction.
What we witness in the films of Smith, Kennedy and Burton are
filmmaking practices that seek to address the codes and conventions of
cinema itself, and which work to destabilise
bodies in love pours over into a representation of the
landscape as well: Berta mentions shooting one scene at five in the morning
in order to get blues and the reflections of the sunrise on the rocks, which are
filmed in the same colours and light as the bodies themselves.
5 We see such incursions on both sides, and it is underlined by soundediting
and frame composition as well. When Daniel buys Marie-Jo a boat for her
birthday, she gets a phone call from Marco who wants to sing ‘Happy Birthday’
98 Robert Guédiguian
The film’s narrative is most fully
, so we were really trying to cheat the gear into giving us responses we didn't have’ (Greenhalgh 2013 ). It is perhaps for these reasons that Maggs has pioneered the use of Surround Sound and digital audio workstations in radio production. Early in 1993, while planning to produce the third series of The Hitch-hiker’s Guide to the Galaxy , he requested ‘to use Macintosh-based digital soundediting and Dolby Pro Logic Surround Sound’ (Maggs 2005 ), even though very few listeners at the time had access to equipment that could play this. I shall discuss digital
, therefore they must be, and are approached differently in the development
of a work.’ 66
Ideas and practices cited by the artist-respondents on how they work
with sound include site-specificity, music composition, social engagement,
field or location recording, as well as voice, listening/perception, resonance,
background noise, soundediting, and production. In his interview, Northern California-based Cahuilla artist Lewis deSoto discusses his installation
AIR (1989), created during a residency at Headlands Center for the Arts in
Sausalito, California. His detailed