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Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

Open Access (free)
Design and material culture in Soviet Russia, 1960s–80s
Author: Yulia Karpova

The major part of this book project was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 700913.

This book is about two distinct but related professional cultures in late Soviet Russia that were concerned with material objects: industrial design and decorative art. The Russian avant-garde of the 1920s is broadly recognised to have been Russia’s first truly original contribution to world culture. In contrast, Soviet design of the post-war period is often dismissed as hackwork and plagiarism that resulted in a shabby world of commodities. This book identifies the second historical attempt at creating a powerful alternative to capitalist commodities in the Cold War era. It offers a new perspective on the history of Soviet material culture by focusing on the notion of the ‘comradely object’ as an agent of progressive social relations that state-sponsored Soviet design inherited from the avant-garde. It introduces a shared history of domestic objects, handmade as well as machine-made, mass-produced as well as unique, utilitarian as well as challenging the conventional notion of utility. Situated at the intersection of intellectual history, social history and material culture studies, this book elucidates the complexities and contradictions of Soviet design that echoed international tendencies of the late twentieth century. The book is addressed to design historians, art historians, scholars of material culture, historians of Russia and the USSR, as well as museum and gallery curators, artists and designers, and the broader public interested in modern aesthetics, art and design, and/or the legacy of socialist regimes.

Colonial powers and Ethiopian frontiers 1880–1884 is the fourth volume of Acta Aethiopica, a series that presents original Ethiopian documents of nineteenth-century Ethiopian history with English translations and scholarly notes. The documents have been collected from dozens of archives in Africa and Europe to recover and present the Ethiopian voice in the history of Ethiopia in the nineteenth century. The present book, the first Acta Aethiopica volume to appear from Lund University Press, deals with how Ethiopian rulers related to colonial powers in their attempts to open Ethiopia for trade and technological development while preserving the integrity and independence of their country. In addition to the correspondence and treatises with the rulers and representatives of Italy, Egypt and Great Britain, the volume also presents letters dealing with ecclesiastical issues, including the Ethiopian community in Jerusalem.

Author: Sean R. Roberts

This book explores the reasons and justifications for the Chinese state’s campaign to erase Uyghur identity, focusing, in particular, on how China’s manipulation of the US-led Global War on Terror (GWOT) has facilitated this cultural genocide. It is the first book to address this issue in depth, and serves as an important rebuttal to Chinese state claims that this campaign is a benign effort to combat an existential extremist threat. While the book suggests that the motivation for this state-led campaign is primarily China’s gradual settler colonization of the Uyghur homeland, the text focuses on the narrative of the Uyghur terrorist threat that has provided international cover and justification for the campaign and has shaped its ‘biopolitical’ nature. It describes how the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was able to successfully implicate Uyghurs in GWOT and, despite a lack of evidence, brand them internationally as a serious terrorist threat within the first year of the war. In recounting these developments, the book offers a critique of existing literature on the Uyghur terrorist threat and questions the extent of this threat to the PRC. Finding no evidence for the existence of such a threat when the Chinese state first declared its existence in 2001, the book argues that a nominal Uyghur militant threat only emerged after over a decade of PRC suppression of Uyghur dissent in the name of counterterrorism, facilitating a ‘self-fulfilling prophecy’ that has served to justify further state repression and ultimately cultural genocide.

Abstract only
Beyond globalization
Sagarika Dutt

does not allow secession. Given the strength of state identities, centre-state relations are not always harmonious. It is an issue that has sometimes caused rancour. The constitution had deliberately made the centre stronger than the states to prevent the disintegration of the Indian state. However, this sometimes led to the abuse of power such as the arbitrary dismissal of state governments. The problem was that the political party that was in power at the national level also wanted to be in power at the state level. Economic liberalization may reduce the financial

in India in a globalized world
Abstract only
Marie Mulvey-Roberts

, nationalist or religious hegemonies, seldom aware of how they too participate in the creation of monstrosity. Invariably the process of monsterising is born out of an abuse of power on a spectrum ranging from dictatorship to those who collude, albeit passively, with a repressive dominant ideology. As Michel Foucault indicates, Gothic narratives ‘are always about the abuse of power and exactions; they are

in Dangerous bodies
Open Access (free)
Ross M. English

of justice, both relating to the President’s affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky and his subsequent denials. They rejected two other charges of perjury in another testimony and abuse of power. In line with the procedures laid out in the Constitution, the Senate then convened to try the President on the impeachment charges. If President Clinton was found guilty by the Senate he would have been the first President to be removed from office by the United States Congress. The trial was presided over by Supreme Court Chief Justice William H. Rhenquist and all

in The United States Congress
Valerie Bryson

. Sharing their bad experiences in ‘consciousness-raising groups’, these women began to discover that apparently individual and personal problems were widely shared; they also realised that they built up into a general pattern of male use and abuse of power. In this context, they began to argue that it was not only black people who were oppressed but women too, and that women should take immediate action to liberate themselves from what they soon learned to describe as ‘patriarchy’. The concept of ‘patriarchy’ went further than ‘sexism’ in clearly labelling men

in The futures of feminism
Pascale Drouet

so far, was the victim of an abuse of power, a ‘foul deed’ (3.3.72) 28 perpetrated by his brother, who, he explains, wanted to be ‘[a]bsolute Milan’ (1.2.109). Antonio seized Prospero’s dukedom with the military help of Naples and ‘extirpate[d]’ (125), that is, radically deterritorialised, both his brother and infant niece, consigning them at night to the hazards of the sea, the ‘smooth space

in Shakespeare and the denial of territory
Marie-Line and Chaos
Carrie Tarr

Eve (1999) and Benguigui’s Inch’Allah dimanche (2001). In Marie-Line and Chaos , however, female solidarity results in a significant joint challenge to the cross-racial patriarchal abuse of power. No doubt, any forging of links between women across differences of race and ethnicity can be seen as politically progressive at a time when the Front National continues to attract French voters and policies on immigration are becoming increasingly

in Reframing difference