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Katherine Foxhall

sea were repelled, intrigued, and deeply concerned by the habits and habitat of those in the decks below. As surgeons went to work in these threatening spaces, cabin passengers regarded medical men as allies. In Fell’s diary the surgeon cleans out; in Hood’s he expels. In both accounts the surgeon appears as a figure of authority who imposes sanitary order and reassurance. Socially and politically, surgeons often shared cabin passengers’ beliefs, concerns, and their dining table. This relationship was reciprocal: surgeons expected

in Health, medicine, and the sea
Catholicism in Nantes, 1560–89
Elizabeth C. Tingle

Chap 6 19/6/06 9:48 am Page 151 6 The authority of tradition: Catholicism in Nantes, 1560–89 In 1600, with the religious wars over and Brittany once more at peace, a young Bohemian traveller visited Nantes. He admired the fortifications and convents of the city and observed that the Breton towns were ‘more rigorous that any others in their observance of the Catholic faith, such that . . . everyone, even the sick, is forbidden, and indeed refuses, to eat meat on fast days’.1 Yet in the 1550s and 1560s there arose a Protestant movement which attracted up to

in Authority and society in Nantes during the French wars of religion, 1559–98
David J. Appleby

Preaching, audience and authority Chapter 2 Preaching, audience and authority T he ‘matter of the ministry’, as Thomas Horton described it, exercised the minds both of preachers and the Restoration establishment.1 In 1661, Cavalier politicians framing the Treason Act had publicly laid the blame for the late rebellion ‘in very great measure’ upon seditious preaching.2 Perversely, instead of neutering the pulpits, the Act of Uniformity served to emphasise the continuing centrality of preaching in public debate. Most of the individuals the Cavalier

in Black Bartholomew’s Day
Carmen Mangion

I knew there had to be changes but was amazed – I would say, even offended – at the haphazard manner in which information was made know[n] to the province at large. Authority disappeared, which made it difficult to find out for oneself. In short, turmoil reigned and two groups formed – ‘for change’ and ‘against change’. 1 Thinking back, this sister acknowledged the dramatic changes that were a part of her experience of the 1960s and 1970s as the congregation she had entered in the 1940s went through a re-engineering of how religious life was governed. The

in Catholic nuns and sisters in a secular age
Don Leggett

4 The Captain catastrophe and the politics of authority The government of England has been making a large experiment, in which the whole English people take a profound interest, personal as well as national. That experiment has just concluded with a result absolute, decided, and overwhelming. The object of the experiment is therefore obtained: it has settled all the questions it was to decide – one way. The experiment has cost at the least £350,000, and some 500 human lives. That is no doubt an experiment on a sufficiently grand scale to warrant the deep

in Shaping the Royal Navy
Julian Gruin

3 CCP authority and the two faces of uncertainty It is time for us to distinguish the responsibilities of the Party and those of the government and to stop substituting the former for the latter. Deng Xiaoping (1984) The special defining characteristic of Chinese socialism is CCP leadership, and without an understanding of the Party one simply cannot deal with China. Wang Qishan (2015) Placing Chinese political economy in historical and comparative perspective raises a question about how adequately the extant concepts of state and market – so fundamental to

in Communists constructing capitalism
Elisha P. Renne

11 Polio vaccination, political authority and the Nigerian state Elisha P. Renne So I told him [a soldier] that even if they are going to kill me, I will not allow the governor to enter my house … I also said in the governor's presence that even if President Jonathan comes here, I will not allow them to immunize my child. So the governor

in The politics of vaccination
Laura Chrisman

chapter8 21/12/04 11:21 am Page 138 8 Robert Young and the ironic authority of postcolonial criticism When I chanced on postcolonial scholar Robert Young’s Textual Practice review of Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak’s Outside in the Teaching Machine, I was startled to find an attack on Benita Parry among its pages.1 It comes early on, when Young is preparing the ground for a detailed exposition of Spivak’s book by comparing Spivak’s general critical standing with that of Edward Said and Homi Bhabha (who together create Young’s chief constellation of postcolonial

in Postcolonial contraventions
Elana Wilson Rowe

5 Non-​state actors and the quest for authority in Arctic governance The modern state, as discussed in Chapter 1, can be considered a relative newcomer to the cross-​border politics of the Arctic region. However, states have featured prominently in the preceding two chapters. We have come to see how advantageous positions earned by/​granted to states vis-​à-​vis other states matter for shaping the rules of the road in Arctic cooperative governance –​and ultimately shape outcomes. In this chapter, I seek to broaden the net to explore the positions of key non

in Arctic governance
David J. Appleby

Black Bartholomew’s Day Chapter 3 Scripture, historicism and the critique of authority C iting Matthew 10:16 in his afternoon farewell sermon at St Stephen’s Walbrook on August 17 – ‘Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves; be ye therefore wise as serpents and harmless as doves’ – Thomas Watson advised the godly to join the serpent with the dove.1 The Nottinghamshire minister William Cross assured his Beeston congregation that God was able to ‘give the wisdom of the Serpent to such as have the Doves Innocency’.2 The succeeding verses of

in Black Bartholomew’s Day