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Sibylle Scheipers

2 The configuration of sovereignty and human rights The transatlantic debate over the ICC is located at the interface of sovereignty and human rights. Regarding the latter, the ICC mainly targets political and civil rights, but leaves aside questions of economic, social and cultural rights.1 Additionally, in the context of political and civil rights, the provisions included in the Rome Statute target the most ‘urgent rights’ (Rawls, 1999: 79): the prohibition of genocide, of crimes against humanity (such as the persecution and displacement of ethnic or

in Negotiating sovereignty and human rights
Charles E. Curran

9780719082542_C03.qxd 8/9/11 15:52 Page 73 3 Human rights in the Roman Catholic tradition Charles E. Curran This essay will discuss the understanding of human rights in the Roman Catholic tradition. One essay or even one book cannot pretend to cover the entire topic in any depth. This article will focus especially on the official teaching of the hierarchical magisterium. The hierarchical teaching in the general area of the social order has been called Catholic Social Teaching which traces its origins to the encyclicals of Pope Leo XIII in the latter part of

in Religion and rights
Khaled Abou El Fadl

My lecture will focus on the interface and tensions between the human rights tradition and the Islamic tradition, particularly Islamic law. What is the ‘Islamic tradition’ and, more particularly, the Islamic legal tradition? Islamic law stands in a paradoxical position vis-à-vis the human rights tradition. Western scholars have argued that the roots of the human rights tradition are to be found in Judaeo-Christian Natural Law, and more specifically, in the Natural Rights tradition. 1 In my view, after post-Enlightenment Christian thought, the Islamic

in ‘War on terror’
Amnesty International in Australia
Jon Piccini

On the night of 2 March 1962, twenty-two people attended a meeting at the Owen Dixon Chambers on Melbourne’s William Street that established Australia’s first ‘section’ of what is now the world’s best-known human rights organisation: Amnesty International. 1 The smattering of ‘lawyers, social workers, women at home, businessmen, industrial workers, minister of religion and students’ who attended

in Humanitarianism, empire and transnationalism, 1760–1995
Image management in conflicts in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
Julia Gallagher and V. Y. Mudimbe

access to a range of audiences, allowing them to engage with members of the international community directly and with greater speed. Web 2.0 technologies serve to amplify the voices of non-state armed groups at the international level. Yet, these actors are required to work within the discursive power structures that define African subjects within the international system, as well as negotiate narratives about conflict and insecurity in Africa produced externally by states, intergovernmental organisations and human rights interest groups. This chapter considers the

in Images of Africa
David McGrogan

must then investigate what this means in practice, so as to properly understand its effects. Here, we are drawn inevitably to the work of Michel Foucault, particularly with respect to the influential concept of governmentality which he developed later in his life. As we shall see, Foucault trod over much of the same ground as Oakeshott in theorising the history of this particular form of political rationality. And he did so in such a way that, when he is read alongside Oakeshott, it gives a very rich perspective on the way in which international human rights law is

in Critical theory and human rights
Umberto Tulli

During the 1970s, human rights gained unexpected and sudden prominence in international politics. Discussions of human rights were everywhere, providing a vocabulary to oppressed religious groups, national minorities and political dissidents, as well as workers’ or women’s groups. However different these claims were, they all converged on making human rights the central concern of the decade. As popular as the concept was, it was also a contested one. For many activists around the world, human rights offered a tool to transcend political divisions on behalf

in A precarious equilibrium
Ingi Iusmen

2 European Union accession conditionality and human rights in Romania The Commission has no competence to monitor prisons in the Member States and then it starts becoming difficult if you start monitoring things externally for which you don’t have an internal mandate. And I know that Member State X can say ‘well Commission, why are you looking so strenuously into those prison conditions in these candidate countries when we are not really sure you should?’ (Commission official) Introduction The end of the Cold War afforded the former communist states with the

in Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime
Conor Gearty

uncommon occurrence as is obvious from a perusal of the recent annual reports from Amnesty 5 and Human Rights Watch 6 – it nevertheless cannot be described as terror or terrorist action because those terms have now come to be invariably applied to sub-state actors. Even worse, this kind of terror by the state might find itself with luck and a bit of careful spin being reclassified as counter-terrorism, in other words as inherently good in the same way that terrorism is inherently bad. The evolution of the term ‘terrorism’ from a description of a kind of

in ‘War on terror’
Normative power or realist interests?
Gordon Crawford

8 EU human rights and democracy promotion in Africa: normative power or realist interests? Gordon Crawford Under the slogan of ‘one Europe, one Africa’, the Joint Africa–EU Strategy (JAES), adopted at the second EU–Africa Summit in Lisbon (December 2007), introduced two significant changes (Council of the European Union, 2007). Firstly, Africa is treated by the EU as a single continent for the first time. This addresses the long-­standing fragmentation of EU–Africa relations, split between the Cotonou Partnership Agreement (CPA) for sub-­Saharan Africa and the

in The European Union in Africa