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English county historical societies since the nineteenth century
Alan Kidd

2 Local history enthusiasts: English county historical societies since the nineteenth century Alan Kidd Today almost anyone who is seriously interested in the history of his or her local community would soon become aware of the numerous and varied societies, clubs and groups devoted to the study of our communal pasts. These historical societies with their programmes of lectures and activities, their newsletters and journals, constitute a rarely acknowledged dimension of civil society and an understudied element in the national cultures of history.1 This chapter

in People, places and identities
Heather Norris Nicholson

Lovell Burgess’s words affirm the national cultural symbolism of Britain’s (and specifically, England ’s) historic rural and urban landscapes. 4 As an early cinema historian, she doubtless knew that films showing local people and places were early staple ingredients in many cinema programmes. 5 Factory gate productions, topicals, roll of honour films and other early forms of actuality had attracted

in Amateur film
Christian Lo

context through an overview of the dominating narratives describing the development of local government, the municipal organization and political culture in Norway. While these narratives inform the analysis of policy processes in the later chapters, their relevance will also be critically explored as their explanatory powers are put to the test. The chapter begins with a brief historical overview of the major institutional developments that have given the Norwegian municipality its present form and function. In order to convey the wide scope of

in When politics meets bureaucracy
John Beckett

V Local history marginalised Until the nineteenth century no real distinctions existed within historical studies, hence the convenient term ‘antiquary’ to describe the various practitioners. There were no particular skills or methodologies, and the study of the past was in the hands of men with at most a classical training and a deep interest. The Society of Antiquaries may have been a meeting place, but it was not the keeper of standards; indeed, one of the more difficult accusations to counter, both for the Antiquaries and the Royal Society, was that they gave

in Writing local history
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Florentine Quattrocento palaces and all’antica styles
Richard Schofield

A local Renaissance: Florentine Quattrocento palaces and all’antica styles1 1 Richard Schofield In some cities in the fifteenth century, satisfying medieval architectural continuums had been established for certain categories of buildings which made the introduction of all’antica styles unnecessary or even undesirable. Fifteenth-century Florentine private palaces demonstrate perfectly the inertia of local traditions, and the architects who built their facades, as opposed to their courtyards, largely ignored the siren voices proclaiming that Florence was a

in Local antiquities, local identities
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Changing ministries
Carmen Mangion

Seeing ourselves as citizens of the world helps us to relatavise [ sic ] our own situation, since it is part of a much bigger whole. 1 Sister M. Philip (née Elizabeth) Rendall’s worldview changed sometime in the late 1960s. She began transitioning from her local, teaching-centred ministry to a global ministry ignited by her passion for justice. Born in London in 1924, she attended St Angela’s Ursuline Convent School at Forest Gate. She entered the Ursulines, aged eighteen, a few years before the Second World War began. After her novitiate training, she

in Catholic nuns and sisters in a secular age
Scotland’s screen destiny
Mark Thornton Burnett

reinvigorated an ailing Scottish film industry, were secured. 2 Not surprisingly, therefore, Scottish literature and culture came to have a more prominent role in school and college curricula , and indigenously inspired reinterpretations of Scottish political history and policy quickly ensued. When, Craig concludes, the 1997 referendum cemented the reality of a Scottish parliament and local government

in Shakespeare and Scotland
Derek Birrell

7 The role of local government The introduction of direct rule coincided with the reorganisation of local government. Local government reform had become one of the main priorities of the British Government during the period 1969–72, although proposals for reforming the existing structure had been put forward in the late 1960s. The old system of local government had existed since the nineteenth century and was similar to the system in Britain with two all-purpose county boroughs, Belfast and Londonderry and a two-tier system for the rest of the province with six

in Direct rule and the governance of Northern Ireland
Donnacha Seán Lucey

4 Child welfare and local authorities By the early twentieth century it was widely recognised that workhouses were unsuitable institutions for children. However, many continued to be relieved in workhouses and by the early 1920s renewed efforts were being made to remove children from the newly named county homes. This chapter examines the relationship between local boards of health and public assistance and industrial schools. Furthermore it explores the boarding-out system and highlights that this provision was at times preferred to institutionalisation. This

in The end of the Irish Poor Law?
The rise and fall of the Standards Board for England
David Hine and Gillian Peele

12 Integrity issues in local government: the rise and fall of the Standards Board for England Introduction Local government is one area of British politics where, rightly or wrongly, there has long been a suspicion that sub-standard behaviour and perhaps even outright corruption was common. Since the 1970s, often under the pressure of such scandal or crisis, central government has imposed significant new controls to improve ethics at local level. In this it has paralleled broader patterns of central control over local government in many other ways.1 The process

in The regulation of standards in British public life