in her poem ‘Lament for the Makers, 1964’
(itself a spin on William Dunbar’s late medievalpoem ‘Lament for the
Makaris’). Yeats’s work ‘shadows’ the poem as a constant presence, but
this shadowing extends to a further allusion to Auden’s elegy for Yeats,
‘In Memory of W. B. Yeats’, while Yeats’s literal death is mourned in
the poem as a catalyst for further mourning for the deaths of the other
poets commemorated within it.
Deutsch’s fascination with Irish art and culture, and her lifelong
interest in the Yeats family, led her to regard Yeats as an inheritor of an
the tedium one finds in good. For
one’s own self-negligence. 122
To refuse to do work, to eschew active labour, is to
cease to do good, or even to seek to do or not resist evil, if time is instead devoted to
From the thirteenth century onwards, ‘sloth increasingly relates to
the body’, and humorally, it suggests a phlegmatic or melancholic disposition. 123 Sloth also figures as the enemy of
prosperity, as in a late medievalpoem containing advice for ‘ye that ar
Restoration of some local theatrical practices. For a seventeenth-century French parallel, see below, Chapter 5 , p. 197, n. 63.
179 On the theatricality of these two bears, see John Pitcher (ed.), The Winter’s Tale , The Arden Shakespeare, 3rd ser. (London: The Arden Shakespeare, 2010), p. 143, n. to ‘The names of the actors’, line 34.
180 ‘N. R.’, The Tragedy of Pyramus and Thisbe , p. 419 (v.12 SD).
181 Ibid. , v.26 SD.
182 Though not, as it happens, with the Ovide moralisé tradition: the medievalpoem of Pyrame et Thisbé specifies ‘la trace dou
’, with ‘licet’ (be allowed to) for ‘tamen’
107 The Speaker was Sir Edward Phelips. ESL suggests that ‘Euphestian’ (Ephestian in ESL’s text) ‘equates the Speaker with the classical orator’.
111 Sir Robert Cotton was a well-known antiquary, whose hugely valuable
collection of manuscripts, now in the British Library, includes Beowulf and the
medievalpoems Pearl and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.
112 John Pory, scholar, cosmographer and later colonial administrator, was a
fellow antiquary of Cotton’s.
115 Mr Holt has not been traced.