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James Johnson

Part III of the book includes four case studies to elucidate the escalation risks associated with AI. These studies demonstrate how and why military AI systems fused with advanced strategic non-nuclear weapons (or conventional counterforce capabilities) might cause or exacerbate escalation risks in future warfare. 1 They also illuminate how these AI-augmented capabilities would work; despite the risks associated with their deployment, great military powers will likely deploy them. Military commanders

in Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare
Physicians and their therapies for the Cold War
Claudia Kemper

v 10 v ‘The nuclear arms race is psychological at its roots’:1 physicians and their therapies for the Cold War Claudia Kemper ‘Wars begin in the mind, but the mind is also capable of preventing war.’2 The Cold War from a medical perspective Physicians are members of a respected profession and at the same time an elite minority, whose special social position is particularly called upon when state and society find themselves in a crisis, above all in armed conflict.3 Traditionally, physicians involved in conflicts carry out their role after an episode of

in Understanding the imaginary war
Constance Duncombe

In this chapter I begin my case study of the representations that frame foreign policy discourse between Iran and the US. My key objective is to examine US representations of itself, Iran and Iran's nuclear program. In July 2015 Iran and the US finally reached an agreement on the nuclear issue that allows Iran limited nuclear technological capacity in exchange for the lifting of certain sanctions. However, questions remain about how best to explain the success of this deal, considering the decades of animosity between the two nations, which

in Representation, recognition and respect in world politics
Constance Duncombe

In this chapter I continue my case study of the representations that frame Iran–US foreign policy discourse. My key objective is to examine Iranian representations of itself, the US and Iran's nuclear program. While the previous chapter outlined US representations of itself (good, rational, leader of the international community) and Iran (dangerous, irrational, aggressive, undeveloped), illustrating how this produces a particular discursive framework through which it understands Iran and its nuclear program, I now do the opposite. In the

in Representation, recognition and respect in world politics
Ian Bellany

5 United States policy on nonproliferation and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty The history of the attitude of the United States towards the spread of nuclear weapons has been one of continuous opposition, tempered now and then by the judgement of the government of the day as to whether in particular instances the exigencies of the moment outweighed the force of the general principle. From Baruch to Eisenhower The starting point or the rough first draft for the US policy of hostility towards the spread of nuclear weapons is the Baruch Plan, presented in 1946

in Curbing the spread of nuclear weapons
Lars Nowak

v 12 v Images of nuclear war in US government films from the early Cold War Lars Nowak If one essential element of the Cold War was the terrifying imagination of a possible future war that would be fought with nuclear weapons, a particularly powerful means of articulating this emotionally charged fantasy was the medium of cinema, whose moving images and sounds are capable of lending preconceptions of the vividness of reality and thus evoking the spectator’s feelings in a very direct way. For this reason, a deeper look into cinematic representations of nuclear

in Understanding the imaginary war
Mariko Hori Tanaka

The global trauma of the nuclear age 173 8 The global trauma of the nuclear age in Beckett’s post-war plays Mariko Hori Tanaka The Holocaust and the development of nuclear weapons changed the world at the end of the Second World War. These two horrific events still weigh heavily on our lives. As Theodor Adorno warned, ‘Today something worse than death is to be feared’ (2001: 106). Both events proved that human beings can be infinitely savage and that we can potentially even destroy our species. Referring to his own famous words, ‘After Auschwitz one could no

in Samuel Beckett and trauma
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

Introduction The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, or North Korea) is well known in the media and amongst policymakers in relation to its cult of personality surrounding the Kim family, abuses of human rights, and nuclear weapons programme. In recent years, the DPRK’s relationship with the United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK, or South Korea) has seen both flickers of engagement and periods of increased animosity. In 2017, US President Donald Trump was threatening the DPRK with ‘fire and fury’, but less than a year later met with North

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

Scale of Russia’s Troll Farm ’, Vice , 22 August 22 , (accessed 28 September 2018) . Goldman , R. ( 2016 ), ‘ Reading Fake News, Pakistani Minister Directs Nuclear Threat at Israel ’, New York Times , (accessed 8 August 2018) . Guess , A. , Nyhan , B. and Reifler , J. ( 2018 ), ‘ All

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

scientific veracity. From the opening exhibits featuring some prehistoric hominids crouched in some dark and dank cave, to men walking on the moon shadowed by clouds of a nuclear Holocaust, so our entire history is commonly narrated as a tale of survival against the odds. That the history of the human condition is a natural history of violence is rarely questioned today. And yet, in times of extreme collapse, humans often show their very humanness, compassion and dignity, and it is often those indigenous peoples most attuned with nature who have contributed the least to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs