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David Larsson Heidenblad

city some 160 km south-west of Stockholm, with a population of about 140,000) and adopting the association’s first political programme. That happened at the annual meeting in early January when more than a hundred members gathered to socialize, go on excursions, make placards, and attain shared ‘doctrines and values’. The new programme announced that we humans were ‘obliged to preserve our limited natural environment for the sake of future generations’ and that the population explosion had ‘developed into a catastrophe

in The environmental turn in postwar Sweden
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S. Karly Kehoe

harvesters in places like Ayrshire and the Lothians and as railway navvies, the growing number deciding to settle in industrial centres like Glasgow and work in industry sparked a fear for the security of the native Scottish labourer. As cities and towns struggled to cope with rapid industrialisation and population explosion and as the Famine took hold in Ireland, the Irish in Scotland came under increasing attack. Famine victims received little sympathy as correspondents from papers such as the Glasgow Herald scolded that ‘it would be well that our poor Irish friends

in Creating a Scottish Church
Social reform in Manchester
Sonja Tiernan

abundance.31 By the early 1860s more than 806,000 Irish people were living in England and of this number almost half were to be found in Lancashire and Cheshire. From 1851 to 1901 the number of people The birth of a rebel 53 living in central Manchester doubled and the population continued to grow well into the 1920s.32 The population explosion brought with it many social and living concerns for the working classes, especially for the downtrodden Irish. Wealthy manufacturers built themselves grand houses around the Mosley Street area of Manchester city and designed

in Eva Gore-Booth
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The Citizens’ Theatre (Glasgow), 1972, and Northern Broadsides (Halifax), 1995
Carol Chillington Rutter

(furniture, textiles, carpets, cigarettes, explosives) and all the support industries necessary to sustain industrialisation on that scale led to a population explosion in the city's workforce, housed in once-handsome tenements built in areas such as Gorbals that, even before the end of Victoria's reign, were simply overwhelmed. Glasgow took a double economic hit during the recession that followed the Great War and, a decade later, the Great Depression. By the 1930s Gorbals tenements made the housing that Sean O’Casey was writing about in The Plough and the Stars , in

in Antony and Cleopatra
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Katy Layton-Jones

, which by late nineteenth-century standards were still embryonic, remained heavily reliant upon close regional trade to feed urban commercial activity.75 Unlike later readings of the urban environment, it was still possible to perceive urban and industrial expansion as complementary to aesthetic beautification as both served to elevate a town’s reputation. Consequently, eighteenth-century aspirations of a marriage between beauty and utility in the townscape characterised early nineteenth-century attitudes to urban development.76 The population explosion and industrial

in Beyond the metropolis
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Al-‘imaara (the building) as topos
Mona Abaza

eradication of the city’s landmarks, of its rich Coptic, Islamic, and European patrimony, of its wonderful old villas and colonial buildings that continue to disappear at a dizzying speed. This has been accompanied by the explosion of informal construction on agrarian land all over the countryside. Soon the entire country will look like a huge conglomerate of ugly, frightening, red cement-brick towers sticking to each other. The population explosion, together with the degradation of the agricultural sector, leaves no option for the rural poor but to convert agrarian land

in Cairo collages
Neil Macmaster

independence by chaos and economic dislocation as a million settlers, who held the key technical, administrative and professional functions, departed. After 1962 the new government, confronted with economic and social disintegration, mass rural–urban flight, high unemployment and a quite staggering population explosion, attempted to resolve the crisis of rural under-development through an agrarian revolution, while oil revenues were invested in a Soviet style industrialisation programme.2 One classic modernisation theory maintains that the global, long-term progress in the

in Burning the veil
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Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

continent’s population; over 70 percent in the post-World War II period. Once at the very center of African identity discussions, issues of racial identity have now been largely subsumed by other factors with some notable exceptions—the Sudan–South Sudan divide for instance. The demise of the role of race as a primary differentiating factor in shaping African identity has been driven by two major trends: 1) The enormous population explosion in sub-Saharan Africa; 2) The end of colonialism, including the demise of apartheid South Africa. In 1970 the population of Africa

in African security in the twenty-first century
From import-substitution industrialization to economic liberalization
Sagarika Dutt

the union budget]?’ (Bagchi, 2005). Populationexplosion’ One of the main characteristics of India as a developing economy is the rate of growth of the population. The total population of India crossed the 1 billion mark in March 2000.2 India has high birth rates and declining death rates, thanks to modern science and improved health facilities.Although birth rates have fallen from 36.9 per thousand in 1971 to 29.5 per thousand in 1991 and 25.8 per thousand in 2002, death rates have fallen even more steeply, from 14.9 per thousand in 1971 to 9.8 per thousand in

in India in a globalized world
David Larsson Heidenblad

, the two women discussed what the West could learn from India. 16 The article about the ongoing population explosion was far more censorious. Soller stressed that India’s population was growing by one million people a month, which she said was an untenable situation. All measures to improve people’s living conditions ‘will be eaten up by the rising excess population’, unless ‘the measures are specifically focused on family planning’. So far, though, all campaigns had been ineffective. Despite the fact that over a million

in The environmental turn in postwar Sweden