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Rethinking race at the turn of thecentury
Nathan G. Alexander

The curse of race prejudice 6 The curse of race prejudice: rethinking race at the turn of the century In the previous chapters, we have seen the diverse positions that atheists and freethinkers might take on questions of race and civilization, ranging from scientific racism that argued for the inferiority of non-white people, to skepticism about imperialism and racist policies at home. This chapter, however, offers the starkest cases of atheists and freethinkers explicitly speaking out against racism. As I noted in the Introduction, some historians have

in Race in a Godless World
Douglas A. Lorimer

that this later age of imperialism gave scientific representations of race a more prominent place within the metropolitan culture. The dramatic controversies of the 1860s had at most an uncertain outcome resting on the continued ambiguities of race and culture rather than upon an authoritative biological determinism. Developments between the 1880s and 1914 on the other hand

in Science, race relations and resistance
David Lloyd’s work
Laura Chrisman

chapter7 21/12/04 11:19 am Page 127 7 Theorising race, racism and culture: David Lloyd’s work My focus here is an important and influential article by postcolonial scholar David Lloyd, ‘Race Under Representation’, published in the 1991 ‘Neo-Colonialism’ issue of Oxford Literary Review.1 Lloyd sets out to explain ‘how the meshing of racial formations can take place between various levels and spheres of social practice, as, for example, between political and cultural spheres or between the individual and the national level’ (p. 63). A central argument of his

in Postcolonial contraventions
Islam and the contestation of citizenship
Shailja Sharma

3 Race by any other name: Islam and the contestation of citizenship And now what will become of us without Barbarians? Those people were some sort of a solution. (Cavafy, 1967) In an increasingly politically and economically unified and internationalist Europe, how does a new European culture define itself? The process of selfdefinition, creating zones of exclusion within Europe, may be one way, especially if those zones are located within ethnicities and religions. Islam has historically occupied the liminal zones of a “secular” but historically Christian

in Postcolonial minorities in Britain and France
Chloe Campbell

interpretations of their position. In his 1932 Galton lecture, entitled ‘The Social Problem Group as Illustrated by a Series of East London Pedigrees’, Lidbetter argued the social problem group in East London was racially distinct: The pedigrees reveal that there is in existence a definite race of sub-normal people, closely related by

in Race and empire
James Baldwin’s Pragmatist Politics in The Fire Next Time
Courtney D Ferriter

In The Fire Next Time, James Baldwin argues that the American dream is far from being a reality in part because there is much Americans do not wish to know about themselves. Given the current political climate in the United States, this idea seems just as timely as it did in the 1960s. Baldwin’s politics and thinking about race and religion are informed by an optimistic belief in the human capacity to love and change for the better, in contrast with Ta-Nehisi Coates, the heir apparent to Baldwin’s legacy. Considering current events, it seems particularly useful to turn back to The Fire Next Time. Not only does Baldwin provide a foundation for understanding racism in the United States, but more importantly, he provides some much-needed hope and guidance for the future. Baldwin discusses democracy as an act that must be realized, in part by coming to a greater understanding of race and religion as performative acts that have political consequences for all Americans. In this article, I examine the influence of pragmatism on Baldwin’s understanding of race and religion. By encouraging readers to acknowledge race and religion as political constructs, Baldwin highlights the inseparability of theory and practice that is a hallmark of both pragmatism and the realization of a democratic society. Furthermore, I argue that Baldwin’s politics provide a more useful framework than Coates’s for this particular historical moment because of Baldwin’s emphasis on change and evolving democracy.

James Baldwin Review
Abstract only
Anamik Saha

2 Scheduling race Anamik Saha Writing in the mid-1980s, Nicholas Garnham describes broadcasting as the ‘heartland of contemporary cultural practice’. While television in terms of its production and – especially – consumption has been radically transformed by the impact of new digital technologies, Garnham’s point about the centrality of television to a nation’s cultural life still remains. This is not least ‘because of the high proportion of consumers’ time and money devoted to it and because, as a result of that concentration of attention, it is itself both

in Adjusting the contrast
Chris Gilligan

3 Racisms and the Race Relations approach In August 2005 Frank Kakopa, his wife and his two children, aged 6 and 12, arrived at Belfast City Airport on a flight from Liverpool for a weekend holiday break. Kakopa and his family had previously lived in the Republic of Ireland, and now they lived near Liverpool. They wanted to visit Northern Ireland, a part of the UK they had not visited before. The family had booked a hire car and bed and breakfast accommodation in advance and were planning to visit the Giant’s Causeway, one of Ireland’s most famous tourist sites

in Northern Ireland and the crisis of anti-racism
Douglas A. Lorimer

persons of colour should be in a subordinate position, the scientists had little to say about the political, legal and social relationships of groups defined as ‘races’. Unfortunately, our historical and literary studies of racism have followed the lead of the scientists. Consequently, we know much more about the construction of identities of ‘race’ than we know about Victorian

in Science, race relations and resistance
John McLeod

4 Race, empire and The Swimming-Pool Library John McLeod In ‘Saved by Art’, Alan Hollinghurst shapes a compelling and considered appreciation of the novels of Ronald Firbank. He juxtaposes their baroque, attenuated plots, treasured inconsequentiality and exquisite bon mots with the expansive and forensic writing of Marcel Proust and Henry James. ‘Firbank achieved his highly complex originality’, Hollinghurst writes, ‘not by expansion but by a drastic compression: instead of putting more and more in, he left almost everything out’.1 William Beckwith, the narrator

in Alan Hollinghurst