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Gervase Rosser

aqueduct, grant for themselves and their successors that the religious may freely bring the said aqueduct beneath the wall and the ground of the town as far as their buildings without impediment from the mayor and community … and that they may inspect, repair or renew the aqueduct without contradiction … unless by chance the town should be in danger on account of war … And the said prior and convent will

in Towns in medieval England
Gervase Rosser

the scholars, armed in the manner of war, and beat and assaulted the mayor, bailiffs and sergeants, and wounded some of them, whereby there is despair of their lives, and then they slew a child of about fourteen years and threatened to set the town on fire. And further, the next morning, when the mayor, bailiffs and good folk of the town were gone to Woodstock to complain to the king of the said injuries, the said

in Towns in medieval England
Abstract only
Rachel Stone
and
Charles West

that shook the Frankish world. 9 Although Louis regained the throne in 834, conflict within the family continued, and Louis’s death on 20 June 840 led to open war between the three surviving brothers, Lothar I, Louis the German and Charles the Bald. After two years of fighting, and Lothar I’s long-remembered bloody defeat at Fontenoy (25 June 841), peace was eventually made at the

in The divorce of King Lothar and Queen Theutberga
Rachel Stone
and
Charles West

can shorten that time.’ ‘It also happens, through the disaster of war and most serious enemy raids, that the wife of a captive is joined to another man, and that contrary to right order and the laws, widows, virgins and nuns are abducted. Medicine for this is set out by the holy canons’, 214 which I do not think it necessary to include here. 215

in The divorce of King Lothar and Queen Theutberga
Abstract only
Craig Taylor

eventually overturned the earlier judgement against her on 7 July 1456. 5 The fact that Joan’s captors were Burgundian and that her judges were French theologians and canon lawyers highlights the danger of assuming that this was merely a war between France and England. It is true that the two monarchies had been at war for centuries before Henry V (1413–22) and his

in Joan of Arc
Frutolf of Michelsberg and his continuators

This book is the first English translation of one of the most significant chronicles of the middle ages. Written in Bamberg at the end of the eleventh century, Frutolf of Michelsberg's Chronicle offers a lively and vivid account of the great struggle between the German emperors and the papacy known today as the Investiture Contest. Frutolf's Chronicle has numerous continuations written in the first quarter of the twelfth century. Together with that, Frutolf's Chronicle offers an engaging and accessible snapshot of how medieval people reacted to a conflict that led to civil war in Germany and Italy, and fundamentally altered the relationship of church and state in Western society.

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La Pucelle
Author:

This book collects together for the first time in English the major documents relating to the life and contemporary reputation of Joan of Arc. Also known as La Pucelle, she led a French Army against the English in 1429, arguably turning the course of the war in favour of the French king Charles VII. The story of Joan of Arc has continued to elicit an extraordinary range of reactions throughout almost six centuries since her death. Her story ended tragically in 1431 when she was put on trial for heresy and sorcery by an ecclesiastical court and was burned at the stake. The book shows how the trial, which was organised by her enemies, provides an important window into late medieval attitudes towards religion and gender. Joan was effectively persecuted by the established Church for her supposedly non-conformist views on spirituality and the role of women. She was ransomed by her captors to their English allies who in turn handed her over to the Church to be tried and finally executed for heresy at Rouen on 30 May 1431. This slur against her reputation would remain until her friends and acquaintances gave evidence before a Nullification trial that eventually overturned the earlier judgement against her on 7 July 1456. The textual records of the Nullification trial also present problems for modern scholars, parallel to those for the original Rouen trial.

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Alison K. McHardy

father of four legitimate children; he had considerable experience in war, home politics and international affairs; and, through his first marriage to Blanche, heiress of Henry of Lancaster, he had become the king’s wealthiest subject. Finally, and most importantly, all the evidence suggested that Gaunt had enormous respect for, and loyalty to, the English crown, whoever was king. Against these advantages

in The reign of Richard II
I.S. Robinson

of the princes nor the act of surrender that he had willingly performed had been of any benefit to him, he was incited by his indignation on this account and by disgust at his own poverty to begin the war afresh. 55 Among the other disasters that he inflicted on the State, he burned down the royal palace in Nymwegen, a building of marvellous and incomparable beauty; he captured the city of Verdun

in The Annals of Lampert of Hersfeld
Simon Barton
and
Richard Fletcher

neighbours in Aragon, Navarre and Portugal, amounted to nothing less than a deflection from the true destiny God had prepared for him (ii, 19–20): to make war on ‘that abominable people’, as the Muslims of al-Andalus are dubbed (ii, 7). At the very heart of the CAI lies a deepfelt sense of revenge (i, 33, 42). Central to the ‘reconquest’ ideal was the widely-articulated belief

in The world of El Cid