Search results

You are looking at 31 - 40 of 1,710 items for :

  • "Catholic Church" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Catholic human rights discourse in Northern Ireland in the 1980s
Maria Power

, human rights has historically been recognised as an important issue in IR with ­important ramifications for peace. Despite the historic concern, definitions of human rights remain contested, with tensions persisting between secular and religious meanings, leading in some cases to clashes between the two.2 This chapter highlights the important role that the Catholic Church has played in conceptualising, defining, and attempting to promote the realisation of human rights around the world, including Northern Ireland. The Catholic Church has long been recognised for

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland
Ulrike Ehret

Berning prepared a pastoral letter in defence of human rights in late August 1941. This time their proposal to publish their concerns found broad support among the bishops, who were deeply disquieted about the murder of the mentally ill, the persecution of the Catholic Church in Poland and the occupied territories, and the increasing attacks on religious orders. Discontent among the Catholic population about the silence of the bishops in the face of National Socialist oppression might have been another reason to encourage the bishops to this.20 Apart from the criticism

in Church, nation and race
Abstract only
Moira Maguire

but to dangerous and sometimes potentially deadly home environments. Meanwhile the Catholic Church, through its teachings and its influence in the legislative arena, insisted on abundant fertility: women were expected to bear as many children as they could during the course of their reproductive lives. This created a situation where families, poor families more so than middle- and upper-class, had more children than they could house, clothe, feed, and educate according to middle-class standards. The state inevitably asserted its constitutional right to care for

in Precarious childhood in post-independence Ireland
Charles E. Curran

the nineteenth century.1 This essay will develop three major points: the dramatic change that occurred with the Catholic acceptance of human rights in the latter part of the twentieth century, the basis and grounding of human rights in contemporary Catholic thought, and a somewhat troubling development in the teaching of Pope John Paul II. A dramatic change The most significant change was the dramatic move from adamant opposition to human rights to strong support for human rights in the second half of the twentieth century. The Catholic Church staunchly opposed human

in Religion and rights
John Anderson

leadership is important. Much also depends upon the attitude of the authoritarian regime, for in those systems ostensibly committed to ‘strengthening Christian civilisation’ it may be much harder to attack religious leaders, though in countries such as Chile and South Africa there was always the option of favouring one religious group over another. By way of contrast, communist authorities with their commitment to anti-religion could safely sideline or ignore leading clerics, except perhaps in Poland where the Catholic Church was able to retain its social authority

in Christianity and democratisation
Manchester and the rescue of the victims of European fascism, 1933–1940
Author: Bill Williams

Between 1933 and 1940, Manchester received between seven and eight thousand refugees from Fascist Europe. They included Jewish academics expelled from universities in Germany, Austria, Spain and Italy. Around two hundred were children from the Basque country of Spain evacuated to Britain on a temporary basis in 1937 as the fighting of the Spanish Civil War neared their home towns. Most were refugees fleeing Nazi persecution in Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia. As much as 95% of the refugees from Nazism were Jews threatened by the increasingly violent anti-Semitism of the Nazi regime. The rest were Communists, Social Democrats, Pacifists, Liberals, Confessional Christians and Sudeten Germans. There have been several valuable studies of the response of the British government to the refugee crisis. This study seeks to assess the responses in one city—Manchester—which had long cultivated an image of itself as a ‘liberal city’. Using documentary and oral sources, including interviews with Manchester refugees, it explores the work of those sectors of local society that took part in the work of rescue: Jewish communal organisations, the Society of Friends, the Rotarians, the University of Manchester, secondary schools in and around Manchester, pacifist bodies, the Roman Catholic Church and industrialists from the Manchester region. The book considers the reasons for their choices to help to assesses their degree of success and the forces which limited their effectiveness.

Alec Ryrie

the world be confounded with heresies, faction, and opinion as it is?’3 Such criticism had all the more force coming from Kennedy, who owed his lucrative office as commendator of Crossraguell Abbey not to his spiritual qualities but to his being the son of an earl. So perhaps the origins of the Scottish Reformation are not a puzzle at all. The guilty party has already confessed. The Catholic Church brought disaster on itself through its corruption. It was led by men who saw it as a mere milch cow, and staffed by priests who learned lessons in corruption and

in The origins of the Scottish Reformation
Language, education and the Catholic Church
Alex J. Bellamy

6 The nation in social practice II Language, education and the Catholic Church The language question Many writers argue that language is one of the distinguishing aspects of a nation. Eugene Hammel, for instance, suggested that in the Balkans, linguistic and religious identification are the primary sources of nationality.1 Attempts to form a codified language for the Southern Slavs were a cornerstone of the Illyrian movement in the nineteenth century and both Yugoslav states tried to enforce a standardised state language as a means of avoiding the potentially

in The formation of Croatian national identity
Abstract only
S. Karly Kehoe

histories are treated so separately by scholars on both sides of the water.2 This book, by contrast, has sought to bring their mutual dependence and influence to the fore through the study of religiosity, gender and ethnicity. The Catholic Church in Scotland became a multi-faceted institution that was neither purely Scottish nor purely Irish. Nor was it wholly British. It was characterised by a fusion of cultures and peoples with differing values and priorities. The church, as it exists today, could not have developed without the mass Irish migration that shook its

in Creating a Scottish Church
Irish-American fables of resistance
Eamonn Wall

  105 6 The poetry of accumulation: Irish-​American fables of resistance Eamonn Wall Writing on Eiléan Ni Chuilleanáin’s poetry, Andrew J.  Auge, in a devastating piece of reportage, describes the recent change that has taken place in the reputation and role of Irish Catholic Church:  ‘by the turn of the millennium, the once imposing edifice of Irish Catholicism appeared increasingly derelict’ (Auge 2013:  145). Given all we have learned from reports into how the Church has dealt with abuses committed by its clergy and cover-​ups initiated by its hierarchy, it

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism