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International perceptions
Francesco Cavatorta

6 Islamism and democracy: international perceptions The international dimension of the failed Algerian process of democratisation is an important part of the story because it not only contributes to explain such failure, but also because it indirectly addresses very important contemporary issues about the prospects of democracy in the Arab world. From the previous analysis, it emerges that it is around the emergence of the FIS as the largest opposition movement in Algeria that the whole transition turned. It is largely the rise of the Islamist movement that

in The international dimension of the failed Algerian transition
Reflections on the erosion of a paradigmatic case of social democracy
Jenny Andersson

7 Losing social democracy: reflections on the erosion of a paradigmatic case of social democracy Jenny Andersson Introduction Swedish social democracy has long since lost its hegemonic position in domestic politics. Depending on how we draw the historical time line, the party has been in trouble since at least 2002, in other words well before the 2006 election, when it lost to the Swedish right, and the 2010 election, when it scored its worst result in parliamentary elections since 1914. In fact the party has not been truly hegemonic in Swedish politics since

in European social democracy during the global economic crisis
Thomas Docherty

Inflation, democracy, and populism139 5 Inflation, democracy, and populism I have suggested in earlier chapters that we are currently seeing a series of Newspeak manoeuvres in which some bizarre semantic reversals are taking place. In this present chapter, I want to examine one very fundamental shift, in which the University has played a decisive role. This is the shift from an alleged subscription to democracy into a mode of populism that is virtually the opposite of democracy. The shift in question manipulates the usual vocabulary and instruments of democracy

in The new treason of the intellectuals
Katherine Fierlbeck

. . . until about a hundred years ago democracy was a bad thing . . . in the next fifty years it became a good thing, and . . . in the last fifty years it has become an ambiguous thing. (C.B. Macpherson 1965 : 4) Can democracy be defined

in Globalizing democracy
The rights of mayors
Colin Copus

5 Democracy and representation: the rights of mayors Introduction The arguments both for and against directly elected mayors, as they have been expounded during referendum campaigns by the ‘pro’ and ‘anti’ camps, fall far short of a robust analytical framework concerning direct election to executive political office. Indeed, the arguments have often ranged from the anecdotal and hysterical to the impressionistic and mundane.1 Moreover, exploring the notion of directly elected mayors within the wider context of the modernisation agenda has distracted attention

in Leading the localities
Andrea Mariuzzo

 74 3 Freedom and democracy The first Italian studies of political language, published in 1960 in a collection edited by Paolo Facchi, emphasised that the semantic field relating to the concept of ‘democracy’ was used by all parties, with the partial exception of the neo-​Fascist Movimento Sociale Italiano (Italian Social Movement: MSI), with reference to their own political side.1 This mode of self-​description was a way of refusing to recognise their opponents’ allegiance to values that everyone regarded as essential for political coexistence after the defeat

in Communism and anti-Communism in early Cold War Italy
A case study of Italy
James L. Newell

8 Corruption in liberal democracies: a case study of Italy Introduction This chapter takes Italy as a case study of corruption in liberal democracies. A case study is the study of an entity – a country, a person, an institution or whatever it happens to be – that is carried out not for its own sake but because ‘it has significance beyond its boundaries’ (Hague, Harrop and Breslin, 1998: 275). It is carried out because the entity in question is taken to be an example of some larger category of entities so that studying it can help us to throw light on – develop

in Corruption in contemporary politics
From the ‘militant’ to an ‘immunised’ route?
Ami Pedahzur

THIS CHAPTER HAS three principal objectives. First, on the basis of the findings of the first four chapters, it will provide a synopsis of the Israeli response to Jewish extremism and political violence. This will extend from the early days of the State’s existence until the beginning of the new millennium, with an emphasis on current developments. Such a historical perspective will enable us to assess the degree of success of the Israeli ‘defending democracy’ in moving from the ‘militant’ pole to the ‘immunised’ pole on the continuum of the

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Defending Cold War Canada
Katie Pickles

she, herself, joins’. On top of that advice it would be useful to teach children ‘pride in and loyalty to the traditions of democracy of the British Empire and their application to Canadian life today’. 1 Such advice illuminates the importance of women to postwar Canadian citizenship. Citizenship was a place that was gendered through an appeal to women’s enduring domestic positioning. While

in Female imperialism and national identity
An introduction
Budd L. Hall

1 Knowledge, democracy and action: an introduction Budd L. Hall In the city where I live, Victoria, Canada, a wealthy city in a wealthy country, there are 1,500 women and men (in a population of 250,000) who do not have a place to sleep at night. In spite of the creation of a Coalition to End Homelessness, the numbers of people who suffer from poor health, violence, substance abuse as a result of poverty and homelessness continues at about the same level. In India, one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, 600 million people live without literacy

in Knowledge, democracy and action