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David J. Bailey

Recession sought to advocate a coordinated supranational response that would consist of a reflationary programme focused on jobs, growth, protecting the vulnerable, achieving financial market and remuneration regulation, a tax on financial transactions and a form of economic governance that would ensure social cohesion and jobs were not forfeited by any attempt to limit public debt and deficits. Finally, any move to balance public finances should, social democrats focused on the EU level have argued, include an increase in tax revenues (secured from capital rather than

in European social democracy during the global economic crisis
Karlis Bukovskis and Ilvija Bruge

providing a comprehensive plan for alternative economic governance. Therefore, besides the acknowledgment that the ‘average Latvian is a social democrat’ (Urbanovičs, 2017 ), the social democratic ideology is part of the left, but as Jānis Ikstens also stresses: ‘In [Latvian] politics the Left is seen as Soviet and Russian [and] that leads to negative stereotypes’ (Kolodzieja, 2013 ). Some go even further, stating that in Latvia social democracy in public discourse is seen as synonymous with communism (Dinēvičs, 2017 ). In spite of public

in The European left and the financial crisis
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Mary Venner

the largest overall donor, USAID had very clear objectives, was able to mobilise quickly and fielded highly experienced staff and advisers who largely replicated what they normally did elsewhere. It also enjoyed a high level of local support. The successive USAID projects in economic governance stand out in terms of their size and scope, rapid mobilisation, continuity over time and clear objectives

in Donors, technical assistance and public administration in Kosovo
Costas Simitis

the figures it contained. The increasingly prevalent view, most notably in France, was that major intervention in Greece was required. It would counter the risk of contagion to Portugal, Spain or any other nations with worrying levels of debt. The crisis provided the opportunity to ‘proceed to real economic governance’, as opposed Greece.indb 36 3/13/2014 1:56:36 PM Ineffective solutions 37 to just the rhetoric of such a notion that existed before. The solution proposed was an ‘IMF plan without funding’ to be imposed on Greece. The belief was that a statement of

in The European debt crisis
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A plea for politics at the European level
Peter J. Verovšek

seeks to enable ever-purer market competition, but that also takes social policies and workers’ rights into account. Some steps in this direction have already been taken. Although the French government has been arguing for the need for gouvernement économique – an ‘economic government’ as opposed to mere ‘economic governance’ – for some time, recently even the traditionally reluctant Germans have started to speak of Wirtschaftsregierung . Although these moves are still in the early stages, Luuk van Middelaar argues that this development is important because

in Memory and the future of Europe
Europe, nationalism and left politics
Andy Storey

EU. Varoufakis's proposed solution is not for countries to exit the Eurozone or the EU (see below) but, rather, to radically reform European integration into a much more progressive political and economic governance framework (Navarro, 2016 ), thus sidestepping (or superseding) the dilemma SYRIZA faced between Eurozone membership and austerity (discussed further below). Varoufakis is, therefore, to some extent in the tradition of left Euroscepticism, and not just that of the radical left, that identifies the problem as the current nature of

in The European left and the financial crisis
Phil Almond

sometimes been argued that the shifts in the functions of economic governance actors associated with a focus on international competitiveness have been, or should be, accompanied by shifts in the levels of governance. The nation state, in other words, becomes increasingly ‘leaky’ as a ‘container of governance’ (Brenner et al., 2003). Its coordinating capacities are fragmented, with some capacity transferred upwards (e.g. supranational or transnational institutions providing competition rules) and some downwards (with subnational regions or localities charged with

in Making work more equal
Constituting the cultural economy
Fran Tonkiss

institutional forms. It is at this point that networks become objects of economic governance. Questions of governance In Scott’s account, success in the cultural economy – given the role of networking, the degree of interdependence between firms, and the tendency towards agglomeration – is a collective rather than simply an individual matter. He therefore sees a key part for certain ‘agents of collective order’ (Scott, 2000, p. 27) in promoting economic efficiency and growth. The state, in other words – and in its various extended guises – encourages both competition and

in Market relations and the competitive process
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Ireland in a changed Union
Ben Tonra

the area of foreign, security and defence policy. Moreover, Ireland’s experience of the 2008 economic crash, associated new EU economic governance regimes and the political challenges to the very nature of the EU project, has given rise to a range of policy challenges facing the Irish state. Brexit itself initiated something of a debate on Ireland’s strategic position vis-à-vis the UK and EU26

in Ireland and the European Union
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Harry Blutstein

GATT members plus Algeria and Honduras. 17 D. Rodrik, The Globalization Paradox (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2011), p. 76. 18 Opening remarks by Diana Tussie, on ‘The WTO and Development: The Challenges of Trust and Empowerment in Governing Global Trade’, the Geneva Lectures on Global Economic Governance, Global Economic Governance Programme, University College, delivered in Oxford on 3 October 2007. 19 J. Enyart, ‘A GATT Intellectual Property Code’, Les Nouvelles, 25:2 (1990), 54–6, quote on p. 56. 20 ‘Pirated’ is a pejorative word and inaccurate, as is

in The ascent of globalisation