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The unexpected security consequences of Brexit
Federiga Bindi

meeting in Saint-Malo in December 1998, British Prime Minister Tony Blair and French President Jacques Chirac, the leaders of the EU’s two nuclear powers, agreed to establish European military cooperation within NATO. The declaration stated the following aims: The European Union needs to be in a position to play its full role on the international stage. To this end, the Union must have the capacity for autonomous action, backed up by credible military forces, the means to decide to use them and a readiness to do so, in order to respond to international crises. In

in The European Union after Brexit
From Le Raïd to Jeunesse dorée
Carrie Tarr

, a number of filmmakers tried to combat such discourses, as in the portemanteau anti-racist film Pas d ’ histoire! Douze films sur le racisme au quotidien (2001), Charef’s Marie-Line (2000), and films such as Bernard Dumont’s Ligne 208 (2001) and Gilles de Maistre’s Féroce (2002), which address critically the fascination of the extreme Right. 3 However, although Le Pen was defeated by Jacques Chirac in the second round of the presidential elections

in Reframing difference
Looking back at the 2017 presidential and parliamentary elections
Alistair Cole

If the 2002 presidential election was a strange affair, the 2017 contest turned out to be even stranger. Between the two elections, the electoral scenarios shifted. In 2002, Jean-Marie Le Pen won through to the second round against expectations, with almost 18% in the first round; massive Republican mobilisation saw the incumbent President Jacques Chirac re-elected with a large majority (81.75%). In 2017, few commentators cast any doubt on the likely presence of Marine Le Pen in the second round, though predictions of a Le Pen victory were more prevalent

in Emmanuel Macron and the two years that changed France
Abstract only
Harry Blutstein

Not a Loner, Just Choosy’, New York Times (31 July 2001).   2 The US further coerced other countries to sign an agreement that they would not surrender any American to the International Criminal Court, which is a breach of the Rome Treaty under which the Court was created.   3 In this instance, both Presidents Bush and Obama supported the treaty’s ratification, but it faced determined opposition in the US Senate from hard-­line Republicans.   4 G.W. Bush, ‘President Welcomes President Chirac to White House’, Joint News Conference with French President Jacques

in The ascent of globalisation
Open Access (free)
Alistair Cole

thing of the past. The front républicain to oppose Le Pen’s second-round candidature and Jacques Chirac’s subsequent call for a presidential majority party all build upon the conjunctural elements which we have already highlighted, but they are in no way based upon any amicable resolution of personality clashes within the right. Nor have the parties suddenly resolved policy differences – these remain in some areas, and in others have been resolved gradually over many years. Chirac has simply found a context allowing him to assert almost total dominance over the

in The French party system
Carrie Tarr

, ‘The world is yours’ (‘Le monde est à vous’) in favour of ‘The world is ours’ (‘Le monde est à nous’) is ironic rather than affirmative or hopeful. La Haine’s success is in large measure due to its timing. As Gérard Lefort put it, ‘it hits the right spot in a country still groggy after the coronation of Jacques Chirac’ (Reader 1995 : 14), while Time Out’s critic referred to the ‘liberating sense of a political sore finally finding legitimate filmic

in Reframing difference
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

President Jacques Chirac (took office 17 May 1995, re-elected May 2002). State structure Unitary, comprising 96 metropolitan departments and 10 overseas departments. Corsica has its own directly elected legislative assembly. Government The president appoints the prime minister and a cabinet (Council of Ministers) of around twenty members, which is responsible to the bicameral Parliament. Executive power is vested in the

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
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Claire Eldridge

pieds-noirs and harkis, and, through Article 4, stipulated that school curricula should ‘acknowledge in particular the positive role of the French presence overseas, notably in North Africa’.39 The law emerged out of a specific convergence of circumstances, of which perhaps the most significant was the 2002 presidential elections which saw the FN’s Jean-Marie Le Pen secure enough votes to go through to the second round run-off against Jacques Chirac. Although Chirac ultimately defeated Le Pen comfortably with 82 per cent of votes cast, the shock of the first round

in From empire to exile
Mark Webber

absent, however, from the EU. Of all the candidate countries for membership, Turkey has been the most long-standing and the most controversial. The opening of formal membership negotiations in October 2005 has failed to resolve the debate on Turkey’s relative merits. French President Jacques Chirac, for one, noted shortly after the December 2004 European Council which agreed to open talks that ‘[n

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
Abstract only
Silvia Salvatici

secretary of state for health at the Ministry of Social Affairs and Work, a role that he had previously covered for a short time in 1988, in the government of Michel Rocard, and in that same year he was nominated secretary of state for humanitarian action, a cabinet post. Kouchner was a minister four times after that, during the presidencies of François Mitterrand, Jacques Chirac and Nicolas Sarkozy. We might also remember an example concerning Italy: in 2013 Laura Boldrini entered parliament and was later elected president of the Chamber of Deputies. Boldrini worked for

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989