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An absence of trained nurses and basic resources
Carol Helmstadter

survey of military nursing from the time of Suleiman the Magnificent but makes no mention of the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Russo-Turk Wars until the war of 1877–78. The section for the Ottoman Empire in the Turkish government archives lists no entries for the Crimean War. Most of what we know about the Turkish medical department comes from the writings of two British observers, Rear Admiral Adolphus Slade and Dr Humphry Sandwith. Slade spent many years in Turkey: in 1849, retaining his rank in the Royal Navy, he entered the Ottoman service as administrative

in Beyond Nightingale
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Christine Agius

10 Sweden, military intervention and the loss of memory Annika Bergman Rosamond and Christine Agius Introduction Since the 1990s, Sweden has gradually changed from a neutral country to one that is ‘militarily non-aligned.’ It has taken active part in international peace operations under the command of NATO and the EU, and contributed forces to operations in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Libya. In 2015 Sweden also set aside resources to train Kurdish troops in Northern Iraq in the fight against ISIS (Dagens Nyheter 2015). At the 2014 NATO Summit in Warsaw, Sweden

in The politics of identity
Hannah Worthen

The hidden human costs Chapter 9 The administration of military welfare in Kent, 1642–79 Hannah Worthen T he people of Kent experienced the British Civil Wars through local conflicts as well as national military action. Men departed the county to fight for Parliament and King and so left behind their families. Many of those who returned were disabled and unfit to work, and fighting inside and outside the county left women as widows and children as orphans. This chapter will highlight the response of the governments of the period to the need that this created

in Battle-scarred
Heather Streets

and successful periodical Blackwood’s Magazine. This was not their first communication: the two men had been friendly for at least a decade, when Roberts had risen to fame for his military exploits during the Second Afghan War (1878–80). Yet this particular letter had an unusually stilted tone, as though Roberts was self-conscious of the transparent game he was about to play. He began by reminding

in Martial races
Keith Jeffery

recruitment to the British army after the end of the Great War are, if anything, yet more ambiguous. During the period of hostilities from January 1919 until the truce in July 1921, significant numbers of Irishmen left the British army, while, at the other end of the cycle of military service, as many men from Ireland joined up as had done so in the past. In 1913, 9 per cent of the army was Irish-born. In

in ‘An Irish Empire’?
Neil Macmaster

6 Military ‘pacification’ and the women of Bordj Okhriss So far the study of the MSF has centred mainly on grass-roots emancipation processes in urban society, but in many ways the French attempt to elaborate a strategy of contact was even more important in the isolated high plains and mountains of the interior since this is where 80 per cent of the population lived and in which the ALN maquis found its local support. This terrain provided an excellent base for the insurgents, zones that were almost impenetrable to modern armed forces, and in which the

in Burning the veil
Carol Helmstadter

cannonades were always stronger and more violent than those of the allies. 18 The allies’ mortars and explosive shells devastated civilian buildings and hospitals as well as military objectives. As a result many women and children were among the wounded, 19 an additional burden on the Russian doctors and nurses which the allies did not face. Totleben pinpointed the vast extent of the Russian frontiers as another severe major military disadvantage. For the Russians the Crimean campaign was only a small part of a much larger war. They worried

in Beyond Nightingale
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Charles Bartles

The content of military operations is changing. Their spatial scope is growing and their intensity and dynamism are increasing. Time parameters of the preparation and conduct of operations are shortening. There is a transition from successive concentrated actions to continuous distributed actions conducted simultaneously in all spheres of opposition as well as in remote theaters of military action. Demands on troop mobility are toughening. A transition is being made to comprehensive engagement

in Russian Grand Strategy in the era of global power competition