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Anoshay Fazal

the state as an independent and sovereign nation-state and the granting of human rights is deeply rooted in the environment that creates stateless beings. We can see this particularly through the example of Afghan refugees in Pakistan and how Pakistan’s national policies and legal system interact with international law on statelessness. ‘Statelessness

in Statelessness, governance, and the problem of citizenship
Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape

When hundreds of thousands of Rwandan refugees began flooding into Tanzania and Zaire in the spring and summer of 1994, MSF’s management and field teams had two reasons to be concerned. Mortality rates in the vast camps set up in Tanzania and then Zaire were indeed catastrophically high at first. Before April 1994, it had taken several months for humanitarian organisations

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
Institutions and the challenges of refugee governance
Dalia Abdelhady

7 Dalia Abdelhady Media constructions of the refugee crisis in Sweden: institutions and the challenges of refugee governance In an article entitled ‘The Death of the Most Generous Nation on Earth’, American journalist James Traub (2016) claims that ‘The vast migration of desperate souls from Syria, Iraq, and elsewhere has posed a moral test the likes of which Europe has not faced since the Nazis forced millions from their homes in search of refuge. Europe has failed that test.’ Sweden stands out as an exception in Traub’s analysis due to the country’s generous

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Ian Connor

7 Refugees in the Soviet Occupation Zone/German Democratic Republic Introduction While chapter 2 examined the enormous difficulties resulting from the influx of almost 7.9 million refugees and expellees into the Western Occupation Zones of Germany, the problems facing the German and Allied authorities in the SBZ were in some respects even more formidable. According to the provisional census carried out in December 1945, some 2.5 million refugees were located in the SBZ1 and by April 1949 the figure exceeded 4.3 million (see Table 7.1). At that time, refugees and

in Refugees and expellees in post-war Germany
Fiona Murphy and Ulrike M. Vieten

ideas of whiteness and the plurality of racisms have to be more carefully scrutinised in the context of non-white newcomers to Ireland (and indeed, elsewhere). Both implicitly and explicitly, this is one of the goals of our work and in the broader collection as a whole. This chapter focuses on the everyday life experiences of African asylum seekers and refugees on the island of Ireland in order to consider different notions of belonging, ‘racisms’ 1 and integration at play. Key to our thinking herein is the fact that asylum seekers’ and

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Memorialising the revolt of 1916 in oral poetry
Jipar Duishembieva

12 From rebels to refugees: memorialising the revolt of 1916 in oral poetry Jipar Duishembieva In early 1917, T. F. Stefanovich, the Dragoman of the Russian consulate in Kashgar, described the dire condition of Central Asian refugees in a lengthy report to the Russian Consul General.1 He estimated the number of refugees from Pishpek and Przheval’sk districts in Semirech’e province at 100,000 to 120,000, and wrote: [I]‌n order to support themselves, the Kirgiz began to sell their household items, such as felt rugs, cauldrons, tea pots, saddles, bridles, etc. The

in The Central Asian Revolt of 1916
Manchester and the Basque children of 1937
Bill Williams

6 The forgotten refugees: Manchester and the Basque children of 1937 In this city the cause of the [Spanish] Republic has been taken very much to heart; we have given our sons in surprising numbers, we have provided two ambulances and one and a half shipments of foodstuffs … money and gifts have poured into the many societies and groups organised for the purpose and Manchester people practically organised [in June 1937] the Watermillock home for the Basque child refugees … There are still [in March 1939] a few of these unhappy children in Manchester Catholic

in ‘Jews and other foreigners’
John Herson

5 Refugees from the Famine ‘The fever wards were full’1 The Irish population of the Stafford district quadrupled between 1841 and 1851.2 The Irish Famine had an immediate impact on districts like Stafford as well as on the better-known cities like Liverpool. The flood of emigrants began to hit Liverpool and other western ports in December 1846, and by the beginning of 1847 the refugees had reached Staffordshire. A correspondent to the Staffordshire Advertiser wrote that ‘It is painful to see these poor fellows in their wanderings through the country. Their

in Divergent paths
Rozita Dimova

In this chapter I discuss border porosity as tourists in socialist Yugoslavia and the child refugees who had fled the Greek Civil War (1946–49) crossed the border between the two countries. Motivated by diametrically opposite reasons – some crossing the border for leisure and some fleeing war – the people who crossed the border have caused an enduring porosity that has persisted despite the rigid national policies of the two countries and the extraordinary conditions when these movements took place. I call this sedimentary porosity because

in Border porosities
Nikolai Vukov

v 12 v The refugee question in Bulgaria before, during and after the First World War Nikolai Vukov Introduction Bulgaria stands out as a specific case in relation to population displacement during the First World War for several reasons. The migration of ethnic Bulgarians to Bulgarian territory took place on a very large scale prior to the First World War, reflecting the consequences of popular uprisings at the turn of the century, and especially the impact of the Balkan Wars in 1912–13, the second of which ended with a catastrophic defeat for Bulgaria and a

in Europe on the move