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David J. Appleby

Black Bartholomew’s Day Chapter 3 Scripture, historicism and the critique of authority C iting Matthew 10:16 in his afternoon farewell sermon at St Stephen’s Walbrook on August 17 – ‘Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves; be ye therefore wise as serpents and harmless as doves’ – Thomas Watson advised the godly to join the serpent with the dove.1 The Nottinghamshire minister William Cross assured his Beeston congregation that God was able to ‘give the wisdom of the Serpent to such as have the Doves Innocency’.2 The succeeding verses of

in Black Bartholomew’s Day
Elisabeth Bronfen and Beate Neumeier

this period too. But these ghosts were largely used ironically, to lampoon or subvert authority. The consequence of the English revolution was, in the view of some conservative commentators, to produce a dangerous scepticism – not merely about spectres but also about religious faith and political sovereignty. Like the excesses of the Gothic, the ghosts of seventeenth

in Gothic Renaissance
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Joanne Yao

accompanying technological innovations in transportation and communication, allowed the state to concentrate and centralize its workings. This centralization created what Andreas Osiander called ‘integrated economic circuits’ ( 2001 : 281) and what Barry Buzan and George Lawson describe as administrative functions that were ‘accumulated and “caged” within national territories’ ( 2015 : 6). In this process, Jordan Branch stresses cartography as a key technology that helped reshape legitimate authority from non-territorial and overlapping forms prior to the nineteenth century

in The ideal river
Johanna Kramer

(‘What was to be seen of our Redeemer has passed over into the Sacraments. In order that faith might be more perfect and more firm, teaching has taken the place of sight, and to this authority the hearts of believers, illumined by heavenly rays, have conformed’). 73 Leo elegantly justifies the physical disappearance of Christ by arguing that the sacraments, and thus faith, have replaced the once visible Christ. Furthermore, he strengthens the authority of the preacher and establishes a continuum between the Ascension and the celebration of the Mass that gives the

in Between earth and heaven
Positioning, Politics and Pertinence
Natalie Roberts

authorities with the disease was exacerbated by the failure of the WHO to provide effective leadership, MSF’s apparent technical superiority, capacity for rapid action and vocal public positioning meant the organisation was still regarded by many as the de facto leader of the response ( Check Hayden, 2015 ). After criticising the leadership of the WHO as ‘slow, derisory and irresponsible’ ( MSF, 2014 ), MSF convened international discussions and trained

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Hakim Khaldi

to coordinate their actions as much as possible. From Damascus to the Rebel-Held North-West In June 2011, as the Syrian government violently suppressed demonstrations by its opponents, MSF France attempted to negotiate permission to work out of Damascus. But meeting with the authorities proved impossible. The Syrian intelligence services had closed the offices of MSF’s Spanish section a few weeks previously, accusing it of supporting the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva, Ann-Christin Zuntz, Ruba al Akash, Ayat Nashwan, and Areej Al-Majali

financial responsibilities are not only the result of displacement, the pressures of life in exile and the more prolonged absence of husbands: they also coincide with a phase in our interviewees’ lifecycle in which they traditionally acquire greater authority as elders, especially as mothers-in-law. Due to their distinct positioning in their families, older female refugees experience displacement differently from younger women. Most of our Syrian interlocutors are in their

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

. At a first glance, the extraordinary response in Germany was puzzling. First, this was not the first time that the ship of an NGO had been prevented from disembarking the migrants it had rescued in the Mediterranean. There had been similar incidents involving the governments of Italy and Malta in 2018 and earlier in 2019 that had affected a larger number of migrants but which had not generated as much publicity as the case of the Sea-Watch 3 . It was not the first time either that Italian or Maltese authorities had laid charges against the captain or crew of a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs