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Working-class white women, interracial relationships and colonial ideologies in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Liverpool
Diane Frost

cosmopolitan city within which interracial relationships will be positioned. Secondly, a parallel contextualisation will be considered through an examination of historical notions of ‘race’ including pseudo-scientific race theories and eugenics. Thirdly, the chapter will examine the conditions within which interracial relationships were facilitated throughout this period. Finally, the focus will shift to those

in The empire in one city?
Douglas A. Lorimer

promoter of eugenics, biological determinism gained new credibility. Galton’s own phrase, ‘Nature versus Nurture’, came to characterise the late Victorian debate on the relationship between heredity and environment. Strengthened by the new forms of statistical analysis, scientists applied this reinvigorated biological determinism to differences of class, gender and race. This late

in Science, race relations and resistance
The Canadian Mounted Police and the Klondike gold rush
William R. Morrison

idea of eugenics. 1 In its milder version, as displayed during the Klondike gold rush, it furnished a kind of Canadian nationalism, based largely on invidious comparisons with American social institutions. The gold rush also provides a clear illustration of Canada’s policy towards her northern regions, these internal ‘colonies’, as one historian has called them. 2 This famous

in Policing the empire
Detection, deviance and disability in Richard Marsh’s Judith Lee stories
Minna Vuohelainen

frameworks drawing on criminology, eugenics, science, communications technology and psychical research. However, the voice of the independent, multilingual jiu-jitsu expert Lee, a cosmopolitan flâneuse equally at home in high society and the slum, disturbs accepted notions of gender, class, ethnicity, criminality and disability. The series repeatedly introduces binary oppositions between acceptable and transgressive femininity, Englishness and otherness, able-­bodiedness and disability, degeneracy and progeneracy, science and the supernatural, only to challenge and

in Richard Marsh, popular fiction and literary culture, 1890–1915
Abstract only
Louise A. Jackson and Angela Bartie

(the ‘problem family’). Its implications were viewed as medical as well as moral and, despite the decline of eugenics discourse (which had emphasised racial deterioration), as a threat to national strength.1 The ‘problem’ of teenage sexuality was profoundly shaped by ideologies of gender. As civil servants commented in 1969 after examining recent research studies: ‘While anti-social attitudes tend to manifest themselves in specific offences [in boys], for example wilful damage to property, in girls these feelings tend to find expression in flouting generally accepted

in Policing youth
Bonnie Clementsson

United States, and China; but after Germany, Sweden may be said to be one of the countries where ideas on racial hygiene and positive and negative eugenics gained the strongest foothold, both scientifically and politically. 62 The marriage act of 1915 In this eventful period of cultural and political turbulence, a review of the incest legislation took place. This time the Swedish law-drafting committee worked in close cooperation with the other Nordic countries

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940
Thomas D’haeninck, Jan Vandersmissen, Gita Deneckere, and Christophe Verbruggen

healthcare; social medicine became increasingly entangled with other reformist movements. The third part deals with the further development of social hygiene and the rise of eugenics, national health protection and the improvement policies in the interwar period. Finally, the fourth part re-evaluates the period after 1960 when national public health systems were strongly questioned, local

in Medical histories of Belgium
Editors: Lucy Bland and Richard Carr

This volume offers a series of new essays on the British left – broadly interpreted – during the First World War. Dealing with grassroots case studies of unionism from Bristol to the North East of England, and of high politics in Westminster, these essays probe what changed, and what remained more or less static, in terms of labour relations. For those interested in class, gender, and parliamentary politics or the interplay of ideas between Britain and places such as America, Ireland and Russia, this work has much to offer. From Charlie Chaplin to Ellen Wilkinson, this work paints a broad canvass of British radicalism during the Great War.

Scientific Governance in Britain, 1914-79 provides a ‘big picture’ account of science in modern Britain. It charts the changing contours of science and illuminates its role in governing the nation. The twentieth century saw a dramatic increase in publicly funded research and the number of scientific advisors across government. At the same time science was evoked in the pursuit of the effective and rational management of people and resources – of making policies and achieving Britain’s goals. Spanning fifteen essays, this book examines the connected histories of how science itself was governed, and how it was used in governance. Individually these contributions reveal a breadth of perspectives on the relationship between science and governance. Taken together they connect the many people involved in, and affected by, science in twentieth-century Britain. Essays on the governance of science include topics such as the establishment and functioning of new governmental departments and agencies, as well as the (sometimes uncertain) responses of pre-existing scientific bodies, notably the Royal Society. Operational Research features prominently as the model for later structures. Topics treated under the theme of governance by science include specific elaborations of the sometimes vague-seeming rhetoric of science’s rational fitness as a modus operandi. More concrete ambitions for science are explored in relation to broadcasting, psychology, sociology and education. The essays in this volume combine the latest research on twentieth-century British science with insightful discussion of what it meant to govern – and govern with – science.

Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

human behaviour. In the present ideological climate, this means that biotechnology might help to consolidate the moral and market fundamentalisms of the Right (Knapp et al., 1996; Nelkin, 1999). As such, this chapter takes issue with two recent interventions by prominent authors of the Right, Charles Murray and Francis Fukayama. TZP8 4/25/2005 154 4:56 PM Page 154 After the new social democracy The next section critiques Murray’s position and the chapter then proceeds to argue that in order to prevent the emergence of ‘laissez-faire eugenics’, we must implement

in After the new social democracy