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An analysis of post-2006 Timor-Leste
Sarah Smith

particular, this chapter focuses on the case of Timor-Leste, which offers a unique case study through which to examine the formation and persistence of gendered identities in the post-conflict context. Timor-Leste was a site of significant international intervention in the Asia-Pacific region and hosted one of the first UN peace operations to include a Gender Affairs Unit. Drawing on participant interviews conducted in 2012–14 with national civil society organisations and UN mission and agency staff,1 triangulated with official reports and documentation, the chapter

in The politics of identity
Kseniya Oksamytna and John Karlsrud

). Using a method which bridges quantitative and qualitative methods, Binder ( 2017 ) employed qualitative comparative analysis to investigate reasons behind international interventions in conflicts, peacekeeping operations being a subset of all interventions. Qualitative studies that analyse decision-making surrounding deployment of peacekeeping operations have looked at the policies of specific member states (an overview of P5's positions can be found in de Coning et al. 2017 ), although these studies are situated at the intersection of foreign policy analysis and IR

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory
Lucile Maertens

that ‘international interventions have become an aspect of an international disciplinary regime that took shape in response to the unpredictability of threats’. On the basis of the cases of Haiti and Croatia, she shows how UN peacekeeping imposes democracy through institutional disciplinarity and governmentalisation (Zanotti 2006 ) and how the importation of political models fosters disorder and dependence (Zanotti 2008 ). Several postcolonial and feminist theorists also investigate the international system that peacekeeping helps create and/or sustain. For

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory
From conflict transformation to crisis management
Kari M. Osland and Mateja Peter

shift from conflict transformation to conflict management in international interventions. The third section draws on critical peacebuilding literature outlining how the mandate and the design of the mission were undermining its conflict transformation objectives. In the fourth section, we show how these transformation ambitions of the mission were fundamentally eroded in practice through de

in The EU and crisis response
The Marshall Plan films about Greece
Katerina Loukopoulou

than that in Greece’. 16 The country became the first ‘hot spot’ of the Cold War, with stark contradictions characterising this international intervention, the emphasis of which shifted from militarism to humanitarianism almost overnight. For example, in August 1949, the US Air Forces, with the collaboration of the Greek Government Army, dropped large amounts of napalm in the northern regions of

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Abstract only
Ingvild Bode

background knowledge inherent to international interventions practices performed by actors across the three United Nations (member state representatives, UN officials, and independent experts or NGOs), to critical combinations of practice theories and norm research around aspects of ambiguity. Methodologically, doing research on peacekeeping via practice theories typically requires time-intensive amounts of fieldwork to conduct in-depth interviews, or engage in non-participant observation or anthropological study, as practices do not typically lend

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory
Brazil’s ambiguous entrance into the Global War on Terror
Camila de Macedo Braga and Ana Maura Tomesani

changing global South. Poor and non-democratic spaces were presented as sources of instability and violence, pressuring the borders and stability of the North. They were envisaged as the new sites for international intervention and conditional lines for financial aid were institutionalized, building new forms of subordination between North and South (Howell, 2014 ; Duffield, 2014

in Counter-terrorism and civil society
Abstract only
Robin Wilson

. Concluding that a ‘military solution’ is impossible, or shying away from the large-scale and sustained international intervention required to impose the rule of law – as in Bosnia-Herzegovina (B-H) for example – this superficial approach has been driven by a stereotyped perception of the identity of domestic ‘communities’ and an associated focus on trading with those, however unsavoury, who present

in The Northern Ireland experience of conflict and agreement
Abstract only
Philip Hammond

could object to the idea that when a human rights or humanitarian emergency reaches a state of mass death, sovereignty should not be an obstacle to international intervention’ (African Rights 1993a: 57). They also argued that, in some respects, the intervention did not go far enough: ‘a major opportunity for a programme of disarmament … was missed’, they suggested, because the US showed insufficient

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Linda Shenk

greater international intervention. 7 Essex’s entertainment is steeped in the same tropes (and their associated political interests) that underwrite such famous works as Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester’s Kenilworth entertainments (1575); Sir Philip Sidney’s The Lady of May (1578); and Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford’s festivities at Elvetham (1591) even as they also suggest attention to court

in Essex