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Eric Richards

rates and mobility moved in tandem. It is well known that young people often emigrated in order to marry and vice-versa. The contracting of so many marriages just before emigration fits well into this pattern. The exit of labour Conditions in the eighteenth century are made cloudy by the lack of precise data relating to the key variables: this was a pre-census world in which even Malthus had little conception of the actual size of the British population or its rate of growth. These facts suddenly became alarmingly visible as soon as the results of the first three

in The genesis of international mass migration
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Imogen Richards

-profile neoliberal case studies, from the 2008 Global Financial Crisis (GFC) through deregulated labour conditions in less developed countries to US military industries. Extending Thomas Piketty’s 2014 Capital in the twenty-first century , I also examine how the monetarist precepts of neoliberal reasoning and its ‘meritocratic extremism’ have contributed to exacerbating wealth inequality within the US and internationally. Interpolating insights about neoliberalism from Chapters 1 and 2, Chapter 3 commences an account of AQ propaganda. My discussion and analysis here are

in Neoliberalism and neo-jihadism
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From Margaret Harkness to John Law
Tabitha Sparks

historicist vein applies to work on Harkness by literary scholars who have reconstructed her associations with the socialist movement and a variety of reform initiatives (slum housing, ‘visiting’ schemes, the Salvation Army) as lenses through which to examine her fiction. Her substantial record of journalism, especially that focused on labour conditions in London’s East End, and her oft-cited experience living in Whitechapel’s Katharine Buildings in the late 1880s, can reinforce the documentary character of her fiction.2 Gerd Bjørhovde typifies this interpretative pattern

in Margaret Harkness
Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

, labour conditions, to people displaced through industrialisation, refugees, and so on. These repeated sites of injury can be amenable to more cooperative, multi-levelled, enmeshed and tactical ways of working with rights. While such an approach is hardly novel, it could become more the heart of an international human rights practice. Although highly sensitive (how many governments are happy to reveal the state of their prisons or the practices of their police forces?) such ventures need not be so persistently structured by the dynamics of contending sovereignties. Nor

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Gender (and) politics in Colombian women’s documentary
Deborah Martin

does not, however, ultimately resist the desire to re-fix meaning through the reification of woman. The film centres on the Castañeda family, who are brickmakers ( chir caleros ) suffering extreme poverty and horrific labour conditions in an ‘urban latifundium’ 4 of Bogotá. Anthropologically oriented, it combines still photography of the workers and haunting periods of silence, a God-like narrator and

in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers
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Material methods for exploring food and cooking
Sarah Marie Hall, Laura Pottinger, Megan Blake, Susanna Mills, Christian Reynolds, and Wendy Wrieden

through a series of production and consumption practices has been of intense interest to social scientists, particularly for how it intersects with ideas about workers’ rights and labour conditions, waste and resource use, and the cultural place of consumer goods in everyday life. Here, the commodity is depicted as having a ‘lifespan’ or a ‘life history’ (Appadurai, 1986 ; Cook et al . , 2004 ; Cook, Crang and Thorpe, 2004 ), stretching from the processes of production onwards. This progression of food as material, from raw product to disposal (as the product

in Mundane Methods
Conservative responses to nationalisation and Poplarism, 1900–40
Liam Ryan

’ on its programme ‘for three decades’, with the most ‘incessant demands’ for public ownership coming from the Labour Party and trade unions in recent years. Nationalisation, he suggested, would increase the scope for ‘political corruption’ as socialists and organised labour sought ‘more pay and less work’. In a nationalised railway industry, wages and labour conditions

in The many lives of corruption
Regina Lee Blaszczyk and Véronique Pouillard

the market to lower prices, as well as fierce competition among garment makers, resulted in low wages and difficult labour conditions, especially in workshops that produced goods for the lower end of the market. In the early twentieth century, some eighty per cent of garments produced in the United States were manufactured in New York City, and the rest were made in industrial cities such as Philadelphia, Chicago, and Rochester, New York. 30 Garment makers could start a workshop with a small amount of capital, often benefiting from extensive kinship networks in the

in European fashion
Gordon T. Stewart

compare conditions of life and labour in this country with those obtaining in Dundee’. They reminded their Dundee audience that the Royal Commission on Labour of 1890 set up by the Government of India had found nothing wrong with labour conditions in the Calcutta mills. The IJMA presented the Calcutta mills as a great boon to the poorer classes of Bengal. ‘The Jute Mills in Bengal’, they admonished the

in Jute and empire
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Operationalising consensus, internalising discipline
Patrícia Alves de Matos

first 20 seconds) ÷ total number of calls received. 6 The average service level is calculated as number of calls received ÷ (number of calls answered + number of calls missed after 20 seconds in the queue). 7 As noted in Chapter 2 , Portugal’s peripheral condition in the world capitalist system was shaped by various factors, including more than forty years under a Fascist regime. The majority of the population was involved in highly exploitative labour conditions, having to mobilise mutual networks of kin, friendship and community to access essential livelihood

in Disciplined agency