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Governing and politicising ‘actually existing austerity’ in a post-democratic city
Joe Penny

This chapter outlines the ‘actually existing’ contours of austerity urbanism in London, as it is being assembled by local government, and draws out the depoliticising processes and practices through which local actors absorb cutbacks. Given the pace and scale of budget cuts passed down onto local government since 2010, organised institutional resistance from urban political elites has been conspicuous by its absence. During the 1980s, when Thatcher imposed a policy of rate-capping alongside fiscal retrenchment, the response across a small but

in How the other half lives
John Beckett

II The origins of local history Where, or when, did local history start? It is an obvious question with which to begin, and while we can be confident that it began with the study of antiquities, deciding on a suitable date is almost impossible. We can track back as far as the Venerable Bede in the eighth century, but perhaps a more realistic starting point is with the chronicles of Anglo-Saxon monks. William of Malmesbury, in his Gesta Pontificum Anglorum (‘History of the Prelates of England’) produced in 1125, used both topographical and antiquarian approaches

in Writing local history
National cinema, indigenous creativity and the international market
Christopher Meir

1 ‘Raking over’ Local Hero again: national cinema, indigenous creativity and the international market More so than any other film examined in this book, and perhaps more so than any film in the history of Scottish cinema, Local Hero is a film whose critical reputation is very familiar, so much so that for a time it was commonplace for writing on Scottish cinema to express the need to talk about something else besides the film. In his Contemporary Scottish Fictions, Petrie said films such as Local Hero no longer require critical attention because of ‘the sheer

in Scottish cinema
Iain Lindsey, Tess Kay, Ruth Jeanes, and Davies Banda

5 Approaches to local SfD provision This chapter provides an in-depth analysis of how SfD is delivered in Zambian communities, paying particular attention to those who are central to this provision; namely, Zambian peer leaders. In doing so, the chapter addresses a number of topics that have frequently featured elsewhere in the SfD literature, in studies that have largely focused on specific programmes. This chapter offers a contrasting and

in Localizing global sport for development
Hugh Atkinson

4 Local democracy at the formal level Introduction This chapter will focus on the so-called ‘crisis of formal democracy’ at the local level. First, the decline of political parties in terms of membership, activism, resources and public regard will be considered. The factors in this decline will be analysed, together with possible solutions for a reinvigorated local party politics and the key role this might play in boosting civic engagement and democracy. Second, attention will be given to the perceived problem of declining electoral turnout at the local level

in Local democracy, civic engagement and community
Abstract only
Norway and nuclear weapons cooperation in NATO
Stephan Frühling and Andrew O'Neil

widely recognised in Norway as providing extra reassurance of the guarantee under NATO’s Article 5’. 2 The chapter shows that, despite its close institutional integration in NATO overall, Norway has generally been successful in realising its policy preferences with respect to the local particularities that Oslo sought for nuclear cooperation on Norwegian territory and its waters. Norway, the US, and NATO

in Partners in deterrence
Hugh Atkinson

6 Local services, community and civic engagement Introduction In Chapter 6 the focus is on local services and their impact on strengthening civic engagement and local communities. First, there will be a focus on central government policy. There will be an analysis of some initiatives of the last Labour government as well as an initial assessment of the emerging policy agenda of the current Conservative/ Liberal Democrat coalition. Local public service reform will also be looked at in the context of the role of markets and the increasing emphasis on the choice

in Local democracy, civic engagement and community
John Beckett

VI Local history and national history, 1880–1945 Between the 1880s and the Second World War local history enjoyed something of a schizophrenic existence. The societies flourished, turning out record series volumes and annual transactions, touring their counties (transferring from ‘brakes’ to motor buses in the process), and attracting new members to join in their research sections. In other words, they continued the associational tradition in the form established during the nineteenth century. Archaeologists maintained links with the societies, participating in

in Writing local history
Peter Shapely

Shapely 01 2/8/07 1 01:30 Page 29 Government, local authorities and housing, 1919–87 No history of housing is possible without reference to the policies, finance and legislative framework developed by governments. Although this is a familiar story, it needs revisiting to understand the context in which decisions were made. This legislation underlines two central issues. First, despite increasing central government interference, local government still enjoyed different levels of autonomy. For much of the century, local government interpreted, implemented and

in The politics of housing
Sandra Streed

6 Sustainable local food systems and environmental sustainability Sandra Streed We begin with a simple truth. How we eat determines how the earth is used. (Wendell Berry, 1990) B erry’s statement provokes questions about the connections and relationships among food, our earth, and our environment. Where does food come from? Where and how is it grown? How is it harvested, packaged, delivered to us? What is its value and what is its cost? Is it a sustainable system? What food systems are in place? What is a sustainable food system? What is sustainability? What

in University engagement and environmental sustainability