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Dolto, psychoanalysis and Catholicism from Occupation to Liberation
Richard Bates

explored cooperation with figures on the Left, and at one point even referred to herself as a Trotskyist. 2 However, the hardening of Cold War dividing lines in 1947–48 found Dolto and her closest colleagues very much on the side of capitalism and Christianity. Psychoanalysis came under strong attack from French communists in 1949, and in the 1950s was widely perceived as a bourgeois discipline. By 1953, the French psychoanalytic movement had become divided, as its practitioners’ very different experiences of the war compounded

in Psychoanalysis and the family in twentieth-century France
Peter Barry

Introduction Psychoanalytic criticism is a form of literary criticism which uses some of the techniques of psychoanalysis in the interpretation of literature. Psychoanalysis itself is a form of therapy which aims to cure mental disorders ‘by investigating the interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the mind’ (as the Concise Oxford Dictionary puts it). The classic method of doing this is to get the patient to talk freely, in such a way that the repressed fears and conflicts which are causing the problems are brought into the conscious mind and

in Beginning theory (fourth edition)
Abstract only
Freud’s Copernican revolution
Jeremy Tambling

Freud’s biography Before discussing psychoanalysis and literature, we must ask the question: who was Freud, creator of psychoanalysis, whose name, as an adjective – ‘Freudian’ – invokes unconscious thought and motivations, and sexuality? He was born on 6 May 1856, in Pribor, then called Freiberg, in Moravia, in the now Czech Republic, then part of

in Literature and psychoanalysis
Wordsworth and Bowen
Andrew Bennett

of childhood nescience in the discourse most intimately concerned with it, psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is, of course, fundamentally concerned with forms of ignorance, founded as it is in a theory of the unconscious, the unconscious as that which we do not or that which we cannot know. Along with scepticism, anepistemology and indeed literature itself, psychoanalysis may be said to constitute (part of and in part) a theory of ignorance, agnoiology. Do we – we humans, that is – want to know? Is that what we desire? Is that the human ‘thirst’, as St Augustine would

in Ignorance
Vicky Lebeau

institution of racist violence. ‘Nous l’avons dit, il existe des négrophobes’ (‘I have said that Negrophobes exist’) (Peau noire: 43; Black Skin: 53) is how Fanon introduces the concepts of Negrophobia and Children of violence 131 Negrophobogenesis which will run a psychoanalysis of phobia into a phenomenology of racism. This is part of Fanon’s struggle against the confabulation between fear and knowledge, and between anxiety and reason, at the heart of racist culture. ‘Maman, regarde le nègre, j’ai peur!’ (‘Mummy, look at the Negro! I’m frightened’) (Peau noire: 90; tr

in Frantz Fanon’s 'Black Skin, White Masks
Naomi Booth

). The most famous vampire text, Dracula (1897), coincides with the early development of psychoanalysis; its swoon-states express deep anxieties about interference and thought transference, anxieties that also dogged the development of psychoanalysis and Freud's treatment of swooning hysterics. I propose a set of correspondences between the vampiric swoon-states of Dracula , the early hypnotic treatment of hysteria, and psychoanalysis's anxious relation to telepathy and occult modes of thinking. I argue that the swoon iconises a pleasurable softening into

in Swoon
Open Access (free)
Sara Haslam

from discussion in the Introduction, that consciousness alone manifests multiple and distinct strands. When ‘the fathomless workings of the mind’ are introduced, the image becomes more complex still. Psychology, psychoanalysis, literature Psychology was the new science in this period. (It needed to be; Roy Porter points out that ‘by 1900, it was fashionable to be neurasthenic’, and that ‘eminent Victorians positively revelled in hypochondria . . . and hysteria’.3) Even William James, who described consciousness as ‘a stream’ that ‘does not appear to itself to be

in Fragmenting modernism
A clinical archive, 1938
Michal Shapira

Melanie Klein was a true pioneer of British psychoanalysis, though her contribution did not end there; it extended to historical thinking about war, violence, the self and the psyche of the child during the momentous events of the twentieth century. This chapter analyses Klein’s contribution and her extensive 1938 clinical archive of the dreams and thoughts of her British patients vis-à-vis the Nazis, Hitler and the Second World War as it loomed on the horizon. In particular, the chapter will interrogate and analyse her patients’ different reactions to both

in The Munich Crisis, politics and the people
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Bogdan Popa

support of psychoanalysis, and Soviet psychologists’ criticism of the individualist bases of psychoanalytic theory), which all seem to point to a rejection of Freudianism. 5 My premise in this chapter is that psychoanalytical concepts such as the unconscious not only were very influential in queer theory but were also shaped by the Cold War. One of the most

in De-centering queer theory
Abstract only
Douglas Morrey

curmudgeonly categories of psychoanalysis. But Godard’s cinema is not simply cinema about philosophy or cinema with philosophy, rather it is cinema as philosophy. The cinematograph is a machine for thinking, for propelling thought: this conclusion that is most clearly drawn in Histoire(s) du cinéma was already implicit in the phenomenological excess of 2 ou 3 choses que je sais d’elle , in the dialectics of the Dziga

in Jean-Luc Godard